Al-Alousi, W., D. Jackson, G. Crompton, and O.C. Jenkins. 1975. Enamel mottling in a fluoride and in a non-fluoride community. Br. Dent. J. 138(1):9-15.

Alarcón-Herrera, M.T., I.R. Martín-Domínguez, R. Trejo-Vázquez, and S. Rodriguez-Dozal. 2001. Well water fluoride, dental fluorosis, and bone fractures in the Guadiana Valley of Mexico. Fluoride 34(2):139-149.

Albino, J.E., J.J. Cunat, R.N. Fox, E.A. Lewis, M.J. Slakter, and L.A. Tedesco. 1981. Variables discriminating individuals who seek orthodontic treatment. J. Dent. Res. 60(9):1661-1667.

Aleandri, V., V. Spina, and A. Ciardo. 1997. The role of the pineal body in the endocrine control of puberty [in Italian]. Minerva Ginecol. 49(1-2):43-48.

Alhava, E.M., H. Olkkonen, P. Kauranen, and T. Kari. 1980. The effect of drinking water fluoridation on the fluoride content, strength and mineral density of human bone. Acta Orthop. Scand. 51(3):413-420.

Al-Hiyasat, A.S., A.M. Elbetieha, and H. Darmani. 2000. Reproductive toxic effects of ingestion of sodium fluoride in female rats. Fluoride 33(2):79-84.

Allegood, J. 2005. Water treatment process called potential risk. Chemicals’ mix with plumbing could put lead in tap water. The News & Observer. May 18, 2005 [online]. Available: [accessed Sept. 20, 2005]

Allolio, B., and R. Lehmann. 1999. Drinking water fluoridation and bone. Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. Diabetes 107(1):12-20.

Almond, F.W. 1923. Letter from F.W. Almond, Director, Public Health Service, Boise, ID, to the Surgeon General, U.S. Public Health Service. November 5, 1923 (From the H. Trendley Dean Papers, MS C 468, The History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine).

Alonge, O.K., D.D. Williamson, and S. Narendran. 2000. Dental fluorosis among third graders in Harris County, Texas--1998 study findings. Tex. Dent. J. 117(9):22-29.

al-Wakeel, J.S., A.H. Mitwalli, S. Huraib, S. al-Mohaya, H. Abu-Aisha, A.R. Chaudhary, S.A. al-Majed, and N. Memon. 1997. Serum ionic fluoride levels in haemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 12(7):1420-1424.

American Diabetes Association. 2004. Basic Diabetes Information [online]. Available: [accessed Sept. 10, 2004].

Anbar, M., S. Guttmann, and Z. Lewitus. 1959. Effect of monofluorosulphonate, difluorophosphate and fluoroborate ions on the iodine uptake of the thyroid gland. Nature 183(4674):1517-1518.

Andersen, L., A. Richards, A.D. Care, H.M. Andersen, J. Kragstrup, and O. Fejerskov. 1986. Parathyroid glands, calcium, and vitamin D in experimental fluorosis in pigs. Calcif. Tissue Int. 38(4):222-226.

Anderson, R.E., D.M. Woodbury, and W.S. Jee. 1986. Humoral and ionic regulation of osteoclast activity. Cacif. Tissue Int. 39(4):252-258.

Anderson, S.E., G.E. Dallal, and A. Must. 2003. Relative weight and race influence average age at menarche: Results from two nationally representative surveys of U.S. girls studied 25 years apart. Pediatrics 111(4 Pt 1):844-850.

Ando, M., M. Tadano, S. Yamamoto, K. Tamura, S. Asanuma, T. Watanabe, T. Kondo, S. Sakurai, R. Ji, C. Liang, X. Chen, Z. Hong, and S. Cao. 2001. Health effects of fluoride pollution caused by coal burning. Sci. Total Environ. 271(1-3):107-116.

Angelillo, I.F., I. Torre, C.G. Nobile, and P. Villari. 1999. Caries and fluorosis prevalence in communities with different concentrations of fluoride in water. Caries Res. 33(2):114-122.

Angmar-Mansson, B., and G.M. Whitford. 1990. Environmental and physiological factors affecting dental fluorosis. J. Dent. Res. 69(Spec.):706-713.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement