Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999 (ECLS-K), 38

Economic Research Service (ERS), 56, 62, 67

F

Federal Food Security Measurement Project, 28

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Life Sciences Research Office, 3–4, 16, 26, 43

First National Conference on Food Security Measurement and Research, 28–30

Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), 2, 7, 14–18, 108–111

Food insecurity, 15

concept and definition of, 43–46

defining, 4–5

determinants and consequences of, 9, 45

frequency and duration of, 6

labels of, 51–54

measuring and monitoring, 9

Food insecurity estimates

as a measure of program performance, 7–8, 108–112

Food security, 15

defining, 1, 4

Food Security Measurement Project, 15

Food security status of households, 59

with children, 2, 59

food insecure with hunger, 2

food insecure without hunger, 2

food secure, 2

without children, 59

Food Security Supplement (FSS) to the Current Population Survey, 1, 4, 7, 10–11, 15, 20–21, 30–36, 38, 48–50, 55–58, 63–71, 74–76, 88, 96–100, 105, 113

questions used to assess the food security of households in, 32–33

research activities on, 31–36

Frequency, of food insecurity, 62–63

G

Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), 2, 8, 14, 18, 21, 108, 111

H

History of the development of food insecurity and hunger measures, 23–40

early efforts to define hunger, 23–24

the 1990s: a Period of Transition, 26–30

surveys in the United States, 36–38

uses of the Household Food Security Survey Module in other surveys, 36–40

Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM), 4–9, 21, 30–31, 36, 47–52, 55, 58–70, 80, 89–92, 99, 105

international adaptations, 39–40

Households

classifying based on the manifest data, 88–89

experience of uncertainty and food depletion, 59–60

Hunger

concept and definition of, 9, 47–48

as distinct from food insecurity, 5

early efforts to define, 15, 23–24

feeling of, 60–62

I

Insufficiencies, in quality or quantity of diet, 60

International adaptations, 39–40

Argentina, 40

Brazil, 39



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