The Census Bureau’s Survey of Program Dynamics, fielded for five consecutive years beginning in 1998, included the 18-item food security module.
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) included a subset of six questions (but not the standard six-item set) in the adult well-being module once during each panel beginning in 1998 (see Chapter 6 for further description of SIPP).
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999 (ECLS-K) and Birth Cohort of 2002 (ECLS-B), incorporated the HFSSM. ECLS-K and ECLS-B are longitudinal surveys of the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics. ECLS-K follows a nationally representative sample of about 22,000 children from kindergarten to fifth grade (and likely beyond); ECLS-B follows a nationally representative sample of about 10,000 newborn children for their first several years.
The University of Michigan Panel Survey of Income Dynamics included the household food security survey module in a special supplement on women and children in 1997 and in the full sample beginning in 1999.
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System included questions on food sufficiency in the social context module. Eight states collected the information at some point between 1996 and 1999.
A number of state surveys used all or a part of the HFSSM:
Oregon included the short six-item food security module in the Oregon Population Survey in 2000.
The California Health Interview Survey included the short six-item food security module beginning in 2001.
Welfare, Children and Families: A Three City Study was conducted in Boston, San Antonio, and Chicago. The study is a collaboration among several universities. It included limited food security and hunger questions, some of which appear to be taken directly from the Food Security Supplement.
The Wisconsin Food Security Survey in the WIC population included the six-item limited interview. The survey was translated into Spanish, Hmong, and Russian.
Iowa included the six-item food security module in a survey of WIC participants in English and Spanish beginning in 2003.