• Colombia—Collection of nationally representative survey data on food security in Colombia is currently in progress. A report based on data collected in one province to pilot and finalize the methodology is available (in Spanish only), “Perfil Alimentario y Nutricional de los Hogares: Analisis Comparativeo entre las Regiones de Antioquia.”

  • Serbia, Yugoslavia—United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff assessed food security in the Republic of Serbia (Yugoslavia) in 2002 through five coordinated household surveys. The Economic Research Service of USDA provided technical assistance on data assessment and analysis. The results were used in FAO but have not been published.

  • Argentina—The World Bank conducted a food security assessment in Argentina in connection with a survey to assess the social impact of a recent economic crisis.

  • Yemen—A nationally representative assessment of food security was conducted in Yemen in 2003. The results have not yet been officially reported.

In summary, the Food Security Supplement to the CPS is the cornerstone of the Federal Food Security Measurement Project, which began in 1992 to carry out a key task assigned by the Ten-Year Comprehensive Plan, namely, to develop a standard measure of food insecurity and hunger for the United States for use at the national, state, and local levels. A large body of literature has developed from research, both internal and external to USDA and DHHS, covering methodological topics related to the measurement of food security, and the measure has been adapted for use in several other countries. This research has prompted further refinements and modifications to the food security questionnaire, including among other things a shorter, six-item food security module and measure, separate adult and child food security measures, a revised 30-day measure, and the translation of the survey module into Spanish. The research has also raised questions that USDA should address.

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