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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities Appendix C Committee Membership Linda Capuano, chair, was recently named senior vice president of design and engineering at Solectron Corporation, a leading provider of electronics manufacturing and integrated supply chain services. In her role, Dr. Capuano will build and expand Solectron’s ability to fulfill customers’ engineering and design needs, specifically in the areas of service offerings and increasing the company’s collaborative engineering capabilities worldwide. In this global function, vice presidents of design and engineering in the Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe will report to her directly. Dr. Capuano joins Solectron from Advanced Energy Industries, a global leader in the development and support of technologies critical to high-technology manufacturing processes, where she was an executive vice president, responsible for leading corporate marketing and global sales and services. Prior to Advanced Energy Industries, Dr. Capuano held the position of corporate vice president, Technology Strategy at Honeywell where she led worldwide engineering strategy. She came to Honeywell through its merger with Allied Signal. At Allied Signal, Dr. Capuano’s positions included general manager of commercial air transport auxiliary power unit products and vice president of strategic marketing and business development. She was the vice president of operations and business development, and chief financial officer of Conductus, a telecommunications superconductive electronics business in Sunnyvale, California. Dr. Capuano has also held product management positions in magnetic memory recording at IBM. Dr. Capuano has served on numerous committees advising the federal government on its
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities technical planning exercises, including the National Academies Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan and the Department of Energy (DOE) Task Force on Alternative Futures for the DOE National Laboratories (the Galvin Committee). She has also worked as an independent consultant in business and technology strategy, with experience in global strategic planning and in developing roadmaps to realize those strategic plans. Dr. Capuano holds a B.S. in chemistry from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, a B.S. in chemical engineering and an M.S. in chemistry from the University of Colorado, and an M.S. in engineering management and Ph.D. in materials science from Stanford University. Lisa M. Bendixen is an expert in hazmat risk and safety and has worked on risk assessment and management problems in numerous industries covering both fixed facilities and transportation systems. She was the project manager and primary author of the Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Risk Analysis, published by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ (AIChE) Center for Chemical Process Safety and has served on the center’s technical steering committee. She also applies her skills and experience to a range of security issues. She served on the Transportation Security Panel for the National Research Council’s (NRC) report Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism and has worked on the development and review of critical infrastructure protection plans in response to Homeland Security Presidential Directive-7 (HSPD-7). She is currently a vice president with ICF Consulting and previously spent 22 years in Arthur D. Little, Inc.’s, environment and risk practice. Ms. Bendixen holds a B.S. degree in applied mathematics and an M.S. degree in operations research, both from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Anthony J. Finizza is the former chief economist at ARCO, a position he held from 1982 to 1998. His responsibilities included monitoring alternative fuel vehicle developments and energy-economic studies. Prior to this position, he was regional vice president of Data Resources, Inc. (1970-1975) and vice president and economist of Northern Trust Co. (1968-1970). Dr. Finizza has contributed his expertise to various professional organizations, including the International Association for Energy Economics, of which he was president (1996). He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee to Review the R&D Strategy for Biomass-
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities Derived Ethanol and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels, the Committee on the Advanced Automotive Technologies Plan, and the Committee on Energy Conservation Research. He currently is an energy consultant for various clients and is a lecturer at the University of California, Irvine. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago. Dennis C. Hendershot, is senior process safety specialist at Chilworth Technology, Inc. Prior to joining Chilworth, Mr. Hendershot was senior technical fellow in the Process Hazard Analysis and Environmental Engineering Department of the Engineering Division at Rohm and Haas Company (where he has worked since 1970). He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Lehigh University (1970) and a M.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania (1978). His research interests include the development of inherently safer and environmentally friendlier processes and products; implementation of inherently safer design principles at all stages in the life cycle of a chemical process, from initial conception through an operating manufacturing plant; identification and evaluation of chemical process hazards; risk management, including risk decision making tools; development and use of both qualitative (hazard and operability studies [HAZOP], checklists, safety health and environmental reviews) and quantitative (fault tree analysis, accident consequence modeling, human reliability analysis) hazard analysis techniques, as well as chemical accident investigation techniques; and safety engineering, particularly emergency relief system design, static electricity hazards, and dust explosion hazards Robert L. Hirsch is currently a senior energy program advisor at SAIC. His past positions include senior energy analyst at the RAND; executive advisor to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, Inc.; vice president, Washington Office, Electric Power Research Institute; vice president and manager, Research and Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and Gas Company; chief executive officer (CEO) of ARCO Power Technologies, a company that he founded; manager, Baytown Research and Development Division and general manager, Exploratory Research, Exxon Research and Engineering Company; assistant administrator for solar, geothermal, and advanced energy systems (presidential appointment) and director, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. He has served on numerous private and government advisory committees and on several NRC studies. He is past
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities chairman of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and is a national associate of the National Academies. His expertise is in energy research, development, management, and business, and he has written extensively on public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and physics from the University of Illinois. Barry M. Horowitz is professor of systems engineering at the University of Virginia. Prior to that, he was chairman and founder of Concept Five Technologies, an e-business solutions provider specializing in applying enterprise application integration (EAI) and security technologies to business-to-business (B2B) systems. He was also president and CEO of MITRE Corporation and president and CEO of Mitretek Systems. Dr. Horowitz was awarded the highest civilian award of the U.S. Air Force for his contributions to the Gulf War related to locating, tracking, and destroying SCUD missiles. He holds a B.S.E.E. from City College of New York and an M.S.E.E. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from New York University. Dr. Horowitz is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. William R. Koch is the global director of process safety integrity with Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. He has more than 30 years of engineering and technical experience at Air Products and has held numerous engineering management positions including, manager of product development, advanced separations group, manager of liquid bulk engineering, manager of gas systems engineering and manager of hydrocarbon engineering. He received his B.S.Ch.E. from Lafayette College (1968) and his M.S.Ch.E. from the University of Oklahoma (1972). His most recent promotion is to a position, newly created in response to the 9/11 incident, entitled global director, process safety integrity. In this new role, Mr. Koch is accountable for ensuring that the company’s global operations and future designs are secure against acts of terrorism. He is also responsible for Air Products Global Crisis Management Program and reports regularly to the company’s Environmental, Health and Safety Management Committee. Koch was a member of the American Chemistry Council and Center for Chemical Process Safety Security Task Forces that developed a Security Vulnerability Assessment (SVA) criterion and methodology for the chemical industry. He is vice chairman of the Compressed Gas Association Security Committee and the National Petrochemical and Refiners Association Security Committee. The National Petrochemical and Refiners Association
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities is a national trade association whose members include virtually all of the refiners and petrochemical manufacturers in the United States. Koch’s education is in chemical engineering. Howard C. Kunreuther is the Cecilia Yen Koo Professor of Decision Sciences and Public Policy at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, and co-director of the Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center. He has a long-standing interest in ways that society can better manage low-probability, high-consequence events as they relate to technological and natural hazards and has published extensively on the topic. Dr. Kunreuther was a member of NRC’s Board on Natural Disasters and chaired the H. John Heinz III Center Panel on Risk, Vulnerability, and True Costs of Coastal Hazards. He is a recipient of the Elizur Wright Award for the publication that makes the most significant contribution to the literature of insurance; and he is a distinguished fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis and received the society’s Distinguished Achievement Award in 2001. He is the author with Paul Freeman of Managing Environmental Risk Through Insurance (published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in 1997); coeditor (with Richard Roth, Sr.) of Paying the Price: The Status and Role of Insurance Against Natural Disasters in the United States (published by Joseph Henry Press in1998); and coeditor (with Steve Hoch) of Wharton on Making Decisions (published by John Wiley and Sons in 2001). He holds an A.B. degree in economics from Bates College and a Ph.D. degree in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Michael K. Lindell is professor of landscape architecture and urban planning and senior faculty fellow of the Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center at Texas A & M University. He received his Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Colorado with a specialty in disaster research and has completed hazardous materials emergency responder training through the hazardous materials specialist level. Dr. Lindell has more than 30 years of experience in the field of emergency management, during which time he has conducted a program of research on the processes by which individuals and organizations respond to natural and technological hazards. Much of his research has examined the processes by which affected populations respond to warnings of the imminent threat of a natural or technological hazard. In addition, he has conducted organizational research examining the effects of disaster experience and the community planning process on the development of emergency preparedness. Lindell has served as adjunct
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities faculty for the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s National Emergency Training Center, Istanbul Technical University, and the Taiwanese government. He also has been an instructor in workshops sponsored by federal agencies for state and local emergency planners throughout the country and has appeared as a panelist in conferences on protective actions in hazardous materials emergencies. Dr. Lindell has been a consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and numerous Department of Energy National Laboratories, electric utilities, and chemical companies. Gerald V. Poje served as a board member of the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) from its inception in November 1997 to November 2005. He also has been the board’s executive administrator responsible for personnel administration, conduct of work, and representing the CSB before Congress and the Executive Branch. Prior to joining the CSB, Poje directed international programs and public health for the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, focusing on issues of disease prevention, health promotion, and environmental justice. He also served on U.S. delegations to intergovernmental meetings on chemical safety and promoted the development of international information networks to enhance global understanding of chemical hazards and their risks. He received his Ph.D. from New York University and served on the faculty at Miami University of Ohio. He has been a senior scientist for the National Wildlife Federation and vice president for research at Green Seal. Poje has testified before Congress advocating improvements to public health and worker protection and safety, pollution prevention policy, clean air policy and regulations, chemical accident prevention, and Y2K and chemical safety policies. Donald Prosnitz is the deputy director of strategic plans for homeland security at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). His responsibilities include guiding strategy for comprehensive solutions; integrating threat, vulnerability, and trade-off analyses; and advanced technologies’ field-demonstrated prototypes and operational capabilities to assist federal, state, local, and private entities in defending against catastrophic terrorism. His previous positions at LLNL have included chief scientist for nonproliferation, arms control, and international security, and he has provided technical support for DOE’s Chemical and Biological National Security Program. In 1999, he became the first chief science and technology advisor for the Department of Justice, a position he held until 2003.
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Terrorism and the Chemical Infrastructure: Protecting People and Reducing Vulnerabilities Havidán Rodríguez is the director of the Disaster Research Center and professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. He obtained his Ph.D. in sociology at the University of Wisconsin. He was also the director of the Center for Applied Social Research at the University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez (UPRM) and served as director of the Minority Affairs Program for the American Sociological Association. Dr. Rodríguez has been a visiting professor at the University of Michigan’s Population Fellows Program (2001-2003) and was selected as the Frey Foundation Distinguished Visiting Professor, at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (spring, 2002). Currently, Dr. Rodríguez serves as a member of the Disaster Roundtables of the National Research Council. He has also served on a number of review panels for the National Science Foundation (NSF). Rodríguez has received funding from NSF, the Ford Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the UPRM Sea Grant Program, among others, for a number of research projects on the social science aspects of hazards and disasters and for research projects aimed at providing hands-on research training and mentoring to undergraduate and graduate students. He is currently working on two research projects focusing on population composition, geographic distribution, natural hazards, and vulnerability in the coastal regions of Puerto Rico (funded by the UPRM Sea Grant Program), and he is a lead social science researcher for the Engineering Research Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA), funded by NSF. Peter H. Spitz is a founder of Chemical Advisory Partners, a consultancy that assists senior management of chemical firms and financial buyers on issues relating to growth, profitability, acquisitions, and globalization. After obtaining bachelor’s and master’s degrees in chemical engineering from MIT, Spitz held successive management positions at Esso Engineering and at Scientific Design Company (which successfully developed a number of petrochemical processes) before founding Chem Systems, a leading international management consulting firm. He has written extensively on the industry, including two books: Petrochemicals, the Rise of an Industry, published by John Wiley and Sons in 1988 and, more recently, The Chemical Industry at the Millennium: Maturity, Restructuring, and Globalization, published by Chemical Heritage Foundation in 2003.
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