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A Workshop Agenda Mineral Dietary Requirements for Military Performance Committee on Mineral Requirements for Cognitive and Physical Performance of Military Personnel Food and Nutrition Board Institute of Medicine The National Academies The National Academies, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC June 1315, 2005 June 13, 2005 1:00 p.m. WELCOME AND INTRODUCTORY REMARKS Robert M. Russell, Committee Chair 1:10 INTRODUCTION TO COMBAT RATIONS (Moderator: Wayne Askew, Committee on Military Nutrition Research) 1:15 History of Committee for Military Nutrition Research John W. Erdman, Chair 235

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236 MINERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL 1:35 Overview of Committee's Task and Workshop Goals Andrew J. Young, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts 1:55 Physiological Demands and Nutritional Needs of Military Personnel Karl E. Friedl, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts 2:15 Development of Military Dietary Reference Intakes and Mineral Content of Military Rations Carol J. Baker-Fulco, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environ- mental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts 2:45 Discussion 3:15 Break 3:30 MINERAL METABOLISM (Moderator: Gerald Combs Jr., Committee on Mineral Requirements for Cognitive and Physical Performance of Military Personnel) 3:35 Bioavailability of Iron, Zinc and Copper as Influenced by Host and Dietary Factors Janet R. Hunt, USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Re- search Center, Grand Forks, North Dakota 3:55 Absorption Mechanisms and Metabolism of Iron, Zinc, and Copper Cathy W. Levenson, Florida State University, Tallahassee 4:15 Absorption Mechanisms, Bioavailability, and Metabolism of Calcium and Magnesium Connie M. Weaver, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 4:35 Drinking Water as a Source of Mineral Nutrition Gerald F Combs, Jr., USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, North Dakota 4:55 Discussion on Mineral Metabolism 6:00 End of Day

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APPENDIX A 237 June 14, 2005 8:30 a.m. Breakfast 9:00 MINERAL METABOLISM (Moderator: Gerald Combs Jr., Committee on Mineral Requirements for Military Personnel) 9:05 Assessment of Zinc, Copper and Magnesium Status Carl L. Keen, University of California at Davis 9:25 STRESS FACTORS AFFECTING HOMEOSTASIS (Moderator: Mike Sawka, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine) 9:30 Environmental Stressors during Military Operations Mike N. Sawka, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts 9:50 Mineral Sweat Losses during Exercise Emily M. Haymes, Florida State University, Tallahassee 10:10 Weight Loss and Mineral Status Steven B. Heymsfield, Merck & Co. Inc., Rahway, New Jersey 10:30 Protein Metabolism and Mineral Requirements Henry C. Lukaski, USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, North Dakota 10:50 Break 11:10 Discussion of Stress Factors Affecting Homeostasis 12:00 Lunch POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF MINERALS 1:00 MINERALS AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM (Moderator: Esther Sternberg, Committee on Military Nutrition Research)

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238 MINERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL 1:05 Interactive Influences of Physical Activity and Psychological Stress on Immune Function Monika Fleshner, University of Colorado, Boulder 1:25 Mineral Metabolism during Infection David H. Hamer, Boston University and Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 1:45 Minerals and Prevention of Infectious Diseases David H. Hamer, Boston University and Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 2:05 Effects of Exercise and Mineral Nutrition on Immune Function Mark Davis, University of South Carolina 2:35 Zinc, Copper, and Immune Function Sue S. Percival, University of Florida, Gainesville 2:55 Break 3:15 Selenium and Immune Function John F. Sheridan, Ohio State University, Columbus 3:35 Discussion of Minerals and the Immune System 4:30 INJURY AND OPTIMIZATION OF RECOVERY (Moderator: Connie Weaver, Committee on Mineral Require- ments for Cognitive and Physical Performance of Military Personnel) 4:35 Muscle Injury (Inflammation also?) and Recovery: Description of Process and Role of Minerals Joseph G. Cannon, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 4:55 Physical Activity and Nutrition Effects on Bone Turnover, Bone Density and Stress Fractures Jeri W. Nieves, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York 5:15 Discussion of Minerals and Recovery from Injury 6:00 End of Day

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APPENDIX A 239 June 15, 2004 8:00 a.m. Breakfast POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF MINERALS (continued) 8:30 MINERALS AND COGNITION AND BEHAVIOR (Moderator: James Penland, Committee on Mineral Requirements for Military Personnel) 8:35 Evaluating Nutritional Effects on Cognitive Function in Warfighters: Lessons Learned Harris R. Lieberman, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environ- mental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts 8:55 Iron and Cognitive Performance John L. Beard, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 9:15 Zinc and Behavior James G. Penland USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, North Dakota 9:35 Break 9:55 Discussion of Minerals and Cognition and Behavior 10:30 MINERALS AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE (Moderator: Melinda Manore, Committee on Military Nutrition Research) 10:50 Zinc and Magnesium Requirements: Effects on and During Exercise Henry C. Lukaski, USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, North Dakota 11:10 Iron and Physical Performance-Thermogenesis, Energetic Efficiency Jere D. Haas, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 11:30 Discussion of Minerals and Physical Performance 12:00 End of Workshop