H
Summary of NIH Support of Sleep-Related Career Development Awards

The following information is a summary of extramural sleep research grants at the National Institutes of Health. Institute of Medicine staff searched the Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects (CRISP) database for key-terms relevant to sleep. These terms include insomnia, periodic limb movement disorder, restless legs syndrome, circadian rhythm, sudden infant death syndrome, sleep disorder, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, sleep, hibernation, and dream. Abstracts were reviewed and only those grants with these terms listed in both the thesaurus and abstract, and not the abstract alone, were considered in the counts. The numbers for each grant reflect individual, unduplicated counts for a given year. All institutes were searched.



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H Summary of NIH Support of Sleep-Related Career Development Awards The following information is a summary of extramural sleep research grants at the National Institutes of Health. Institute of Medicine staff searched the Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects (CRISP) database for key-terms relevant to sleep. These terms include in- somnia, periodic limb movement disorder, restless legs syndrome, circadian rhythm, sudden infant death syndrome, sleep disorder, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, sleep, hibernation, and dream. Abstracts were reviewed and only those grants with these terms listed in both the thesaurus and abstract, and not the abstract alone, were considered in the counts. The numbers for each grant reflect individual, unduplicated counts for a given year. All institutes were searched. 360

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361 APPENDIX H Number of Awards (New Awards) Grant Title Description 1995 2000 2004 K01 Mentored Research Provides salary and fringe 1 (1) 9 (3) 6 (1) Scientist Develop- benefits for awardees for ment Award career development experience K02 Independent Provides up to 5 yeasrs of 10 (1) 8 (1) 3 (1) Scientist Award salary and fringe benefit support for newly independent scientists Number of Career Awards (K01, K02) in Sleep-Related Research 1995-2004 16 14 Number of grants 12 K01 total 10 K01 new 8 K02 total 6 K02 new 4 2 0 95 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 Fiscal year

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362 SLEEP DISORDERS AND SLEEP DEPRIVATION Number of Awards (New Awards) Grant Title Description 1995 2000 2004 K05 Senior Scientist Provides salary and fringe 6 (2) 5 (0) 1 (0) Award benefit support for outstanding scientists to enhance skills in their research field K07 Academic Provides up to 5 years of 1 (0) 20 (0) 3 (3) funding to develop or improve curricula changes that emphasize development and leadership skills of scientists Number of Career Awards (K05, K07) in Sleep-Related Research 1995-2004 25 Number of grants 20 K05 total 15 K05 new K07 total 10 K07 new 5 0 95 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 Fiscal year

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363 APPENDIX H Number of Awards (New Awards) Grant Title Description 1995 2000 2004 K08 Mentored Clinical Provides salary and fringe 8 (1) 12 (1) 8 (1) Scientist benefit support for the Development development of clinician Award research scientists K12 Mentored Clinical Provides support to an 0 0 0 Scientist educational institution for Development career development Program Award experiences for clinicians leading to research independence K23 Mentored Patient- Provides salary and fringe 0 (0) 10 (6) 28 (8) Oriented Research benefit support for the Career Development development of patient- Award oriented research scientists Number of Career Awards (K08, K23) in Sleep-Related Research 1995-2004 30 25 Number of grants K08 total 20 K08 new 15 K23 total 10 K23 new 5 0 5 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 9 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 Fiscal year

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364 SLEEP DISORDERS AND SLEEP DEPRIVATION Number of Awards (New Awards) Grant Title Description 1995 2000 2004 K24 Midcareer Provides salary and fringe 0 (0) 5 (1) 8 (3) Investigator Award benefit support to allow in Patient-Oriented protected time for patient- Research oriented research and time to act as mentors for beginning clinical investigators 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) K25 Mentored Provides salary and fringe Quantitative benefit support for career Research Career development for scientists Development with quantitative and Award engineering backgrounds to foster interdisciplinary collaboration in biomedical research Number of Career Awards (K24, K25) in Sleep-Related Research 1995-2004 9 8 7 Number of grants K24 total 6 K24 new 5 K25 total 4 K25 new 3 2 1 0 95 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 Fiscal year Summary of NIH Institute Support of K Awards Of the 314 career development awards that were funded during the 5 years between 2000 and 2004, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) sponsored 94 (29 percent). Thirty-two of all the NHLBI- sponsored training grants were K07 grants awarded in 2000 and 2001. K07 grants are designed to provide 5 years of funding to develop or im- prove curricula changes that emphasize development and leadership skills of scientists.

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365 APPENDIX H K01: Mentored Research Scientist Development Award Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH NCCAM NINR NIA NIDDK NCRR Total 2000 4 (1) 1 (1) 2 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 9 (3) 2001 4 (0) 1 (0) 2 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 10 (2) 2002 6 (1) 1 (0) 2 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 11 (1) 2003 3 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1 (0) 7 (1) 2004 2 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 1 (0) 6 (1) K02: Independent Scientist Award Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH NINDS NICHD Total 2000 6 (1) 2 (0) 0 (0) 8 (1) 2001 6 (1) 2 (0) 0 (0) 8 (1) 2002 7 (1) 1 (0) 0 (0) 8 (1) 2003 5 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 6 (0) 2004 2 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1) 3 (1) K05: Senior Scientist Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH Total 2000 5 (0) 5 (0) 2001 3 (0) 3 (0) 2002 2 (1) 2 (1) 2003 1 (0) 1 (0) 2004 1 (0) 1 (0) K07: Academic Career Award Number of Awards (New Awards) NHLBI Total 2000 20 (0) 20 (0) 2001 12 (0) 12 (0) 2002 8 (0) 8 (0) 2003 0 (0) 0 (0) 2004 3 (3) 3 (3)

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366 SLEEP DISORDERS AND SLEEP DEPRIVATION K08: Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH NINDS NHLBI NICHD NCI AHRQ NEI NIGMS Total 2000 4 (1) 4 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 12 (1) 2001 5 (2) 3 (2) 0 (0) 1 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 11 (6) 2002 4 (0) 3 (1) 1 (1) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 12 (3) 2003 4 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 10 (0) 2004 3 (0) 1 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 8 (1) K23: Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH NIA NIDDK NCRR NINDS NHLBI NICHD Total 2000 1 (1) 2 (1) 0 (0) 2 (2) 0 (0) 5 (2) 0 (0) 10 (6) 2001 1 (0) 2 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0) 0 (0) 6 (1) 0 (1) 11 (2) 2002 3 (2) 1 (0) 1 (1) 3 (1) 0 (0) 7 (1) 1 (0) 16 (5) 2003 4 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 4 (1) 0 (0) 9 (2) 2 (1) 21 (5) 2004 7 (2) 2 (1) 2 (1) 5 (1) 1 (1) 7 (2) 2 (0) 26 (8) K24: Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research Number of Awards (New Awards) NIMH NIAAA NIA NCRR NHLBI NICHD Total 2000 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 4 (1) 2001 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 4 (1) 2002 2 (1) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 2 (1) 1 (0) 7 (2) 2003 3 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0) 1 (0) 8 (0) 2004 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 3 (2) 1 (0) 7 (3)

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367 APPENDIX H K25: Mentored Quantitative Research Number of Awards (New Awards) NHLBI Total 2000 0 (0) 0 (0) 2001 0 (1) 0 (1) 2002 1 (0) 1 (0) 2003 1 (0) 1 (0) 2004 1 (0) 1 (0) ABBREVIATIONS: AHRQ = Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; NCCAM = Na- tional Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine; NCI = National Cancer Institute; NCRR = National Center for Research Resources; NEI = National Eye Institute; NHLBI = National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; NIA = National Institute on Aging; NIAAA = National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; NICHD = National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; NIDDK = National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; NIGMS = National Institute of General Medical Sciences; NIMH = National Institute of Mental Health; NINDS = National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; NINR = National Institute of Nursing Research.