part of health care work. To address this challenge, the American Medical Informatics Association announced its 10-by-10 program, which aims to realize a goal of training 10,000 health care professionals, especially in applied clinical informatics, by the year 2010 (AMIA, 2005).

The committee recommends that the relevant accreditation organizations—the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education, Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission, and Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education—ensure that the curricula of undergraduate and graduate pharmacy, nursing, and medical schools and continuing education include:

  • Appropriate medication safety modules to cover an overview of the system for drug development, regulation, distribution, and use; an understanding of where medication errors can take place; the need to monitor continuously for medication errors; how to recognize medication errors and the tools for identifying such errors; what to do once a medication error has been found; reporting and analysis of medication errors; and ways of improving the safety of the medication-use process.

  • Appropriate clinical pharmacology training commensurate with the amount of medication prescribing in clinical practice.

  • Training in the delivery of patient-centered care and the use of information technology tools to enable implementation of the recommendations presented in Chapters 4 and 5.


AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges). 2003. Patient Safety and Graduate Medical Education. Washington, DC: AAMC.

AHIMA/AMIA (American Health Information Management Association/American Medical Informatics Association). 2006. Building the Work Force for Health Information Transformation. Chicago, IL: AHIMA and Bethesda, MD: AMIA.

AMIA (American Medical Informatics Association). 2005. Training Health Care Professionals to Serve as Local Informatics Leaders and Champions, 2005. [Online]. Available: [accessed May 7, 2006].

Baker G, Carter B. 2005. Provider Pay-for-Performance Incentive Programs: 2004 National Study Results. San Francisco, CA: Med-Vantage.

Bates DW, Kuperman GJ, Wang S, Gandhi T, Kittler A, Volk L, Spurr C, Khorasani R, Tanasijevic M, Middleton B. 2003. Ten commandments for effective clinical decision support: Making the practice of evidence-based medicine a reality. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 10(6):523–530.

BCBS of Michigan. 2002. Rewarding Results Grantees: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. [Online]. Available: [accessed October 30, 2005].

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