Allergies, 26, 160, 162

Alpha waves, 50

Alvarez, G. G., 196

American Academy of Pediatrics, 31, 36, 64, 233

American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 94, 187, 234

American Diabetes Association, 178

American Sleep Disorders Association, 154

Andrade, Miriam, 225

Anger/irritability, 3, 21, 3537, 41, 44, 46, 95, 114, 136, 155, 187

Animals, sleep needs, 39, 49, 182183

Anticonvulsants, 169, 173, 184

Antidepressants, 168, 173, 190

Antioxidant balance, 26, 181

Anxiety, 36, 187, 192, 226, 227

Armitage, Roseanne, 57, 191

Arthritis Foundation of New South Wales, 41

Association of Professional Sleep Societies, 169

Asthma, 26, 160

Attention deficit disorder, 94, 161, 185197

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, 147148, 185187

Australia, 225

Awake123, 200

Ayas, N. T., 196

B

Balon, R., 191

Bats, 49

Bedtime and wake-up routines

enabling bad behavior, 200202

ground rules, 197200

responsibility for, 200202

successful strategies, 122124

tips from teens to parents, 107118

weekends, 147

Behavior, 2, 21, 24, 31, 187, 197, 226;

see also Sleep-promoting strategies

Better Sleep Council, 234

Bipolar disease, 143

Birds, 67

Bradley Hospital Sleep and Chronobiology Research Laboratory, 186

Brain chemistry

and mood swings, 36

and sleep-wake cycle, 1013

and suicidal tendencies, 190191

Brain development, 1113, 54, 64, 6566

Brain function

activity during sleep, 48, 50, 51, 53, 6669, 70, 73

cerebral cortex, 66

energy expenditure and, 39

fMRI, 69, 70

fronto-temporal cortex, 66

light therapy and, 139

parietal lobe, 66, 69

Brazil, 225, 226

Brown Medical School, 186

C

Caffeine, 3940, 4244, 8789, 121, 146, 168, 204

Canada, 228

Cancer, 3, 181

Car crashes

alcohol and, 32

danger signs, 3233

drowsy driving laws, 3031

“good” vs. “bad” kids, 32

international perspectives, 226

risk factors, 32

school start times and, 214

sleep debt and, 2, 31

Carskadon, Mary, 12, 31, 32, 82, 217

Case Western Reserve University, 120, 180

Cataplexy, 164, 165166, 167, 184

Catching up on sleep, 1921, 166

Cats, 49

Cell phones, 8486, 119



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