which PTSD patients would improve in social functioning if treated with paroxetine (Lawford et al. 2003).
This appendix has examined the evidence for establishing PTSD as a valid disorder by using the five criteria proposed by Robins and Guze (1970): describing the core clinical features; differentiating from other disorders, conducting laboratory studies, determining temporal stability, and determining aggregation in families. The evidence is robust for the core clinical features of PTSD, which appear to be consistent among diverse populations. Progress has been made in fulfilling the remaining criteria.
American Psychiatric Association. 2000. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Asmundson GJ, Stapleton JA, Taylor S. 2004. Are avoidance and numbing distinct PTSD symptom clusters? Journal of Traumatic Stress 17(6):467–475.
Black DW, Carney CP, Peloso PM, Woolson RF, Schwartz DA, Voelker MD, Barrett DH, Doebbeling BN. 2004. Gulf War veterans with anxiety: Prevalence, comorbidity, and risk factors. Epidemiology 15(2):135–142.
Bremner JD, Randall P, Scott TM, Bronen RA, Seibyl JP, Southwick SM, Delaney RC, McCarthy G, Charney DS, Innis RB. 1995. MRI-based measurement of hippocampal volume in patients with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(7):973–981.
Breslau N, Davis GC, Andreski P, Peterson E. 1991. Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder in an urban population of young adults. Archives of General Psychiatry 48(3):216–222.
Brewin CR. 2003. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Malady or Myth? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.