C
Surveillance and Monitoring Activities

TABLE C-1 Surveillance and Monitoring

Survey

Primary Sponsor; Frequency of Data Collection

Population

Cross-Sectional Surveys

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (CDC, 2006a)

CDC; ongoing

Adults ages 18 years and older

Monitoring the Future (Monitoring the Future, 2006)

Survey Research Center, University of Michigan; ongoing

Grades 8, 10, and 12

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (CDC, 2005)

CDC; ongoing

Adults and children

National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (CDC, 2006c)

CDC; annually

All household members

National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health, 2005)

Carolina Population Center;

1994–1995

1996

2001–2002

2006

Grades 7 to 12



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Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? C Surveillance and Monitoring Activities TABLE C-1 Surveillance and Monitoring Survey Primary Sponsor; Frequency of Data Collection Population Cross-Sectional Surveys Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (CDC, 2006a) CDC; ongoing Adults ages 18 years and older Monitoring the Future (Monitoring the Future, 2006) Survey Research Center, University of Michigan; ongoing Grades 8, 10, and 12 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (CDC, 2005) CDC; ongoing Adults and children National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (CDC, 2006c) CDC; annually All household members National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health, 2005) Carolina Population Center; 1994–1995 1996 2001–2002 2006 Grades 7 to 12

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Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? Sample Size Example(s) of Indicators or Outcomes Measured 303,822 (2004) Fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, weight control 50,000/year in 420 secondary schools Television viewing 5,000/year Height, weight, and BMI; physical activity and physical fitness; weight history; breastfeeding; food security 31,326 adults (2004) Physical activity, health care coverage and access 15,170 (2001–2002) Diet, physical activity, health care service use, height, weight

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Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? Survey Primary Sponsor; Frequency of Data Collection Population Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (CDC, 2006b) CDC; ongoing Ages 0 to 5 years School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study (SNDA) (USDA, 2001) USDA; 1991–1992 1998–1999 Elementary and secondary schools School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) (CDC, 2006f) CDC; 1994 and 2000; conducted in 2006 Elementary, middle/ junior, and senior high school levels School Health Profiles (SHP) (CDC, 2004) CDC; biennial (1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004) Middle/junior high school and senior high school levels Youth Media Campaign Longitudinal Survey (YMCLS) (CDC, 2006g) CDC; annual Ages 9 to 13 years Youth Risk Factor Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) (CDC, 2006h) CDC, 1991 to present; every 2 years Grades 9 to 12 Longitudinal Surveys National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) (CDC, 2006d) MCHB and NCHS; January 2003– July 2004 Ages 0 to 17 years National Survey of Early Childhood Health (NSECH) (CDC, 2006e) MCHB and AAP; February–July 2000 Ages 4 to 35 months National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) (DoL, 2006) U.S. Department of Labor; 1979, 1997 Ages 12 to 16 years NOTE: AAP = American Academy of Pediatrics; BMI = body mass index; CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; MCHB = Maternal and Child Health Bureau; NCHS = National Center for Health Statistics; SFA = School Food Authorities; and USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? Sample Size Example(s) of Indicators or Outcomes Measured 7 million (2004) Height; weight; breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity; nutritional status; television and video viewing 1,075 cafeteria managers 430 SFA directors (1998–1999) Nutritional quality of meals in schools 1,331 schools, 745 districts, and 51 states (2000) Fruit and vegetable consumption, vending machine offerings, physical activity and physical education, intramurals, health education 41 states and 13 districts (2004) Physical education requirements, physical activity (intramurals, sports), walking/biking to school, fruit and vegetable consumption, vending machine offerings, health education topics required (nutrition and dietary, physical activity) 3,000 (2002) Physical activity and physical education, walk/bike to school, television viewing, parents’ physical activity 15,240 questionnaires completed in 158 schools, 32 state surveys, 18 local surveys (2003) Fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity and physical education, television viewing, weight status (overweight, at risk, trying to lose weight) 102,353 children (2,000 children per state) Reported height and weight; breastfeeding; physical activity; television viewing 2,000 Child’s age, height, and weight; breastfeeding; television viewing 9,000 (1997)  

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Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up? REFERENCES Add Health. 2005. Add Health: The National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health). [Online]. Available: http://www.cpc.unc.edu/addhealth [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2004. School Health Profiles (SHP). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/profiles/index.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2005. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006a. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/ [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006b. CDC’s Pediatric and Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/pednss/ [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006c. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006d. NCHS/SLAITS—National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/slaits/nsch.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006e. NCHS/SLAITS—National Survey of Early Childhood Health (NSECH). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/slaits/nsech.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006f. SHPPS: School Health Policies and Programs Study. [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/shpps/index.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006g. Youth Media Campaign: Resources and Reports. Longitudinal Survey (YMCLS). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/youthcampaign/research/resources.htm [accessed July, 20, 2006]. CDC. 2006h. Youth Risk Factor Behavior Surveillance-United States 2005 Surveillance Summaries System (YRBSS). [Online]. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/index.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. DoL (U.S. Department of Labor). 2006. National Longitudinal Surveys. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). [Online]. Available: http://www.bls.gov/nls/home.htm [accessed July 20, 2006]. Monitoring the Future. 2006. Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth. [Online]. Available: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/ [accessed July 20, 2006] USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture). 2001. School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study II: Summary of Findings (SNDA). [Online]. Available: http://www.fns.usda.gov/OANE/MENU/Published/CNP/FILES/SNDAIIfindsum.htm [accessed July 20, 2006].