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International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies APPENDIX A SPEAKERS’ BIOGRAPHIES Dr. Peter Agre, United States Peter Agre is a professor in the Department of Biological Chemistry at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Medicine. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and chair of the Committee on Human Rights of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. He received his M.D. from Johns Hopkins University. In 2003 Dr. Agre and Dr. Roderick MacKinnon were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes.” In June 2005 Dr. Agre will become vice chancellor for science and technology at Duke University in North Carolina. Dr. Arjuna Aluwihare, Sri Lanka Arjuna Aluwihare is professor of surgery at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka. He was vice chancellor of the University from 1988 to 1989 and then chairman of the University Grants Commission of Sri Lanka from 1989 to 1993. He is president-elect of Sri Lanka’s National Academy of Sciences. Arjuna Aluwihare has been a member of the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka since 1997. Professor Upendra Baxi, India Upendra Baxi is a native of India and currently a professor of law at the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom. He is the president of the Indian Society of International Law and former vice chancellor of Delhi University. Professor Baxi received a Master of Laws degree from the University of Bombay and a Ph.D. in law from the University of California at Berkeley. He has contributed substantially to public interest litigation in the Indian Supreme Court, in particular by increasing access to the judicial process by disadvantaged groups in India. Professor Baxi has also been a leader in taking legal action and promoting law reform on the issue of violence against women. Dr. M. Gregg Bloche, United States Gregg Bloche is professor of law at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. and co-director of the Georgetown-Johns Hopkins Universities’ Joint Program in Law and Public Health. Dr. Bloche is a member of the Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has been a consultant to South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the National Institutes of Health, the World Health Organization, and other public and private bodies. Dr. Bloche received his M.D. and J.D. from Yale University. He completed his residency in psychiatry at the Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center.
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International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies Professor Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, France Claude Cohen-Tannoudji is a research scientist in the Department of Physics at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. In 1973 he became professor and chairman of the nuclear and molecular physics department of the Collège de France. He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences and secretary general of its Comité de Défense des Hommes de Sciences. In 1997 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Steven Chu, and William D. Phillips were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics “for their development of techniques that use laser light to cool atoms to extremely low temperatures.” Lord Dahrendorf, United Kingdom Ralf Dahrendorf, a philosopher and sociologist, is a member of the House of Lords of the British Parliament. Originally from Germany, Lord Dahrendorf became a British citizen in 1991. In the early 1970s he was German State Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Later he was director of the London School of Economics and warden of St. Antony’s College at Oxford University. Lord Dahrendorf received a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Hamburg and a second doctorate in sociology from the London School of Economics. He has received 26 honorary doctorates and has been decorated by seven countries. Lord Dahrendorf is a member of the British Academy and a foreign member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Royal Irish Academy, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Polish Academy of Sciences. Professor Dame Julia Higgins, United Kingdom Dame Julia Higgins is foreign secretary and vice president of The Royal Society in London. She is a professor of polymer science at the Imperial College London and director of its recently formed Graduate School of Engineering and Physical Sciences. Professor Dame Julia Higgins is also chair of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and a member and former chair of the Steering Committee of the Athena Project. She is a fellow of the Institute of Physics, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Royal Society of Chemistry, and a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. She received a doctorate in physical chemistry from the University of Oxford. Professor Jonathan H. Marks, United Kingdom Jonathan Marks is a barrister in Matrix Chambers, London. He is currently Greenwall Fellow in Bioethics at Georgetown and John Hopkins Universities. He formerly taught at Worcester College, Oxford and King’s College London, and in Australia. In recent years Professor Marks developed a course on terrorism and the law, which he has taught in Europe and in the United States, including at Princeton University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Professor Sari Nusseibeh, Palestinian Authority Sari Nusseibeh has been president of Al-Quds University in East Jerusalem since 1995. Previously, from 1978 to 1994, he was professor of philosophy at Bir Zeit University on the West Bank. He is the founder and head of the Palestinian Consultancy Group, which conducts research projects on Palestinian infrastructure management. Professor Nusseibeh formerly served as the Minister of Jerusalem Affairs for the Palestinian Authority, as a member of the Palestinian
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International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies steering committee on the 1991 Madrid talks, and has written dozens of articles on Jerusalem and the prospects for a peace agreement with Israel. He received his doctorate in Islamic philosophy from Harvard University. Professor Nusseibeh is currently on sabbatical as Rita E. Hauser fellow at Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University. Baroness O’Neill, United Kingdom Onora Sylvia O'Neill is president-elect of the British Academy. She is a cross-bench member of the House of Lords and was made a Life Peer in 1999. Baroness O’Neill currently is principal of Newnham College at the University of Cambridge. She lectures in philosophy and has written books and articles on ethics, political philosophy, the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, and bioethics. A former member and chair of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Human Genetics Advisory Commission, Baroness O'Neill chairs the Nuffield Foundation. She studied philosophy, psychology, and physiology at Oxford University and received her doctorate from Harvard University. Sir Nigel Rodley, United Kingdom Sir Nigel Rodley is an expert member of the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations and former U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture (1993-2001). He is also a commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists and was the founding head of the legal department at Amnesty International’s Secretariat in London. Sir Nigel currently teaches human rights and international law at the University of Essex. He has published widely on human rights issues with a particular focus on the treatment of prisoners and prevention of torture. In 1998 he was awarded a knighthood in recognition of his services to human rights and international law. Dr. Pieter van Dijk, The Netherlands Pieter van Dijk is state councillor of the Council of State of the Netherlands. He was a judge on the European Court of Human Rights from 1996-1998. Pieter van Dijk was a professor of international law at Utrecht University and a member of the Court of Appeal of The Hague. He has been chair of the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights since 1982 and is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was bestowed a knighthood in 2004. Dr. Torsten Wiesel, United States Torsten Wiesel, M.D., a neurobiologist, is secretary general of the Human Frontier Science Program and chairman of the Board of the New York Academy of Sciences. He is also president emeritus and Vincent and Brook Astor professor (active) at The Rockefeller University in New York City. He is chairman emeritus of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch and of the Committee on Human Rights of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. In 1981, Torsten Wiesel and David H. Hubel were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system.” Professor Menahem Yaari, Israel Menahem Yaari is president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and a foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is professor of economics emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Professor Yaari was president of the Open University of
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International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies Israel from 1992 to 1997. He formerly was professor of economics at Yale University and has been a fellow of the Econometric Society since 1969. Professor Yaari is the recipient of several academic awards including the Israel Prize in Economics and the Rothschild Prize in Social Sciences. He received his Ph.D. in economics and statistics from Stanford University in California.
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