References

Allen, C. D., and D. D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: Rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 95:14839-14842.

Andreae, M. O., D. Rosenfeld, P. Artaxo, A. A. Costa, G. P. Frank, K. M. Longo, and M. A. F. Silva-Dias. 2004. Smoking rain clouds over the Amazon. Science 303:1337-1342.

Arrhenius, S. 1896. On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Sciences 41:237-276.

Bacastow, R., and C. D. Keeling. 1973. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and radiocarbon in the natural carbon cycle. II. Changes from A.D. 1700 to 2070 as deduced from a geochemical reservoir. Pp. 86-135 in G. M. Woodwell and E. V. Pecan, eds. Carbon and the Biosphere. Springfield, Virginia: U.S. Department of Commerce.

Botterill, L. 2005. Late twentieth century approaches to living with uncertainty: The national drought policy. In From Disaster Response to Risk Management: Australia’s National Drought Policy, L. C. Botterill and D. A. Wilhite, eds. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Publishers.

Breshears, D. D., N. S. Cobb, P. M. Rich, K. P. Pricee, C. D. Allen, R. G. Balice, W. H. Romme, J. H. Kastensf, M. L. Floyd, J. Belnapl, J. J. Anderson, O. B. Myers, and C. W. Meyer. 2005. Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 102:15144-15148.

Cayan, D. R., S. A. Kamerdiener, M. D. Dettinger, J. M. Caprio, and D. H. Peterson. 2001. Changes in the onset of spring in the western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82:399-415.

Chapin, F. S., M. Sturm, M. C. Serreze, J. P. McFadden, J. R. Key, A. H. Lloyd, A. D. McGuire, T. S. Rupp, A. H. Lynch, J. P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W. L. Chapman, H. E. Epstein, E. S. Euskirchen, L. D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C. L. Ping, K. D. Tape, C. D. C. Thompson, D. A. Walker, and J. M. Welker. 2005. Role of land-surface changes in Arctic summer warming. Science 310:657-660.

Charney, J., P. H. Stone, and W. J. Quirk. 1975. Drought in the Sahara: A biogeophysical feedback. Science 187:434-435.

Charney, J. G., W. J. Quirk, S-H. Chow, and J. Kornfield. 1977. A comparative study of effects of albedo change on drought in semiarid regions. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 34:1366-1385.



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Understanding Multiple Environmental Stresses: Report of a Workshop References Allen, C. D., and D. D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: Rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 95:14839-14842. Andreae, M. O., D. Rosenfeld, P. Artaxo, A. A. Costa, G. P. Frank, K. M. Longo, and M. A. F. Silva-Dias. 2004. Smoking rain clouds over the Amazon. Science 303:1337-1342. Arrhenius, S. 1896. On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground. The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Sciences 41:237-276. Bacastow, R., and C. D. Keeling. 1973. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and radiocarbon in the natural carbon cycle. II. Changes from A.D. 1700 to 2070 as deduced from a geochemical reservoir. Pp. 86-135 in G. M. Woodwell and E. V. Pecan, eds. Carbon and the Biosphere. Springfield, Virginia: U.S. Department of Commerce. Botterill, L. 2005. Late twentieth century approaches to living with uncertainty: The national drought policy. In From Disaster Response to Risk Management: Australia’s National Drought Policy, L. C. Botterill and D. A. Wilhite, eds. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Publishers. Breshears, D. D., N. S. Cobb, P. M. Rich, K. P. Pricee, C. D. Allen, R. G. Balice, W. H. Romme, J. H. Kastensf, M. L. Floyd, J. Belnapl, J. J. Anderson, O. B. Myers, and C. W. Meyer. 2005. Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 102:15144-15148. Cayan, D. R., S. A. Kamerdiener, M. D. Dettinger, J. M. Caprio, and D. H. Peterson. 2001. Changes in the onset of spring in the western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82:399-415. Chapin, F. S., M. Sturm, M. C. Serreze, J. P. McFadden, J. R. Key, A. H. Lloyd, A. D. McGuire, T. S. Rupp, A. H. Lynch, J. P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W. L. Chapman, H. E. Epstein, E. S. Euskirchen, L. D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C. L. Ping, K. D. Tape, C. D. C. Thompson, D. A. Walker, and J. M. Welker. 2005. Role of land-surface changes in Arctic summer warming. Science 310:657-660. Charney, J., P. H. Stone, and W. J. Quirk. 1975. Drought in the Sahara: A biogeophysical feedback. Science 187:434-435. Charney, J. G., W. J. Quirk, S-H. Chow, and J. Kornfield. 1977. A comparative study of effects of albedo change on drought in semiarid regions. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 34:1366-1385.

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