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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks E Committee Member Biographical Sketches Malden C. Nesheim, Ph.D. (Chair), is Provost Emeritus and Professor of Nutrition Emeritus at Cornell. His previous positions have included Director of the Division of Nutritional Sciences and Vice President for the Planning and Budgeting Program at Cornell University. He has also served as Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation, President of the American Institute of Nutrition, Chair of the National Institutes of Health Nutrition Study Section, and Chair of the National Nutrition Consortium. He also chaired the 1990 US Department of Agriculture/Department of Health and Human Services Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and has served as an advisor to the Office of Science and Technology Policy. He is a fellow of the American Society for Nutritional Sciences and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Nesheim is the recipient of numerous awards including the Conrad A. Elvejhem Award for Distinguished Service to the Public through the Science of Nutrition. His research interests are in human nutrition, nutritional requirements, dietary recommendations, and nutrition policy. David C. Bellinger, Ph.D., is Professor of Neurology at the Harvard Medical School and Professor in the Department of Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. He also directs an interdisciplinary postdoctoral training program in Neurodevelopmental Toxicology at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Bellinger has served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Evaluation of Children’s Health, the Committee on the Toxicological Effects of Mercury, the Committee on Measuring Lead Exposure in Critical Populations, and the Committee on Toxicology Subcommittee on Submarine Escape Action Levels. He has also
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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks served on the FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants. He was a member of the Federal Advisory Committee of the National Children’s Study to examine the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of children. Dr. Bellinger’s research interests include early insults to the developing nervous system, exogenous chemical exposures, and endogenous metabolic insults related to serious medical conditions. Much of his research has focused on the neurodevelopmental effects of children’s exposures to metals, including lead, mercury, arsenic, and manganese. Ann Bostrom, Ph.D., is Associate Professor at the School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology. She is also Associate Dean for Research in the Ivan Allen College, the liberal arts college at Georgia Tech. Dr. Bostrom’s research and expertise are in risk perception and communication. Her research focuses on mental models of hazardous processes, including the perception, communication, and management of global environmental change. Dr. Bostrom is currently a member of the US EPA Science Advisory Board Committee on Valuing the Protection of Ecosystems and Ecoservices, and has served on committees for the National Research Council and the Transportation Research Board. In 1997, Dr. Bostrom was awarded the Chauncey Starr Award for a young risk analyst from the Society for Risk Analysis. From 1999–2001, Dr. Bostrom directed the Decision, Risk and Management Science Program at the National Science Foundation. She has previously served on the National Research Council Committee on Optimizing the Characterization and Transportation of Transuranic Waste Destined for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, the Committee for the Study of a Motor Vehicle Rollover Rating System, and the Committee for a Study of Consumer Automotive Safety Information. Susan E. Carlson, Ph.D., is the Midwest Dairy Council Professor of Nutrition at the University of Kansas Medical Center (Kansas City) in the Schools of Allied Health (Dietetics and Nutrition), Medicine (Pediatrics) and Nursing; and Clinical Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Missouri–Kansas City (Kansas City). Her research interests include the nutritional role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy outcome and infant development. In 2002, she was made an honorary member of the American Dietetic Association for her pioneering work in proposing and testing the theory that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a component of human milk, is important for the developing human central nervous system. Dr. Carlson is an author on numerous peer-reviewed articles and textbook chapters. She is a charter member of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids (ISSFAL) and has been an organizer for two international conferences on the role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for maternal and infant health. She
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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks is also a member of the American Society for Nutrition, American Society for Nutritional Sciences, the American Pediatric Society, and the American Oil Chemists Society. Dr. Carlson reviews widely for journals devoted to publishing research in pediatrics, lipids, and nutrition. Julie A. Caswell, Ph.D., is Professor and Chairperson in the Department of Resource Economics and Adjunct Professor of Food Science at the University of Massachusetts–Amherst. She served on the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on the Implications of Dioxin in the Food Supply. Her research interests include the operation of domestic and international food systems, analyzing food system efficiency, and evaluating government policy as it affects systems operation and performance, in particular the economics of food quality, safety, and nutrition. Her edited book publications include Economics of Food Safety, Valuing Food Safety and Nutrition, and Global Food Trade and Consumer Demand for Quality. Dr. Caswell has provided her expertise to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on food safety issues. She is a member of the Food Safety Research Consortium. From 1989–2002 she chaired the Regional Research Project NE-165, an international group of over 100 economists who analyzed the operation and performance of the food system. She has also held numerous senior positions with the American Agricultural Economics Association and the Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association. Claude Earl Fox, M.D., M.P.H., is Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Miami and was previously a Professor of Population and Family Health Sciences in the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Fox is also former Director of the Johns Hopkins Urban Health Institute in Baltimore. Prior to this, Dr. Fox was Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration of the US Department of Health and Human Services. His research focuses on population and family health and urban health. Dr. Fox served as the co-chair for the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Review of the Use of Scientific Criteria and Performance Standards for Safe Food. He has published widely on family and health issues and improving the nation’s health. Dr. Fox is a recipient of the John Atkinson Farroll Prize for Outstanding Contributions to Preventive Medicine and Public Health; the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association Leadership Award; the Special Recognition Award from the National Rural Health Association; the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials Leadership Award; the National Hispanic Medical Association Leadership Award; and others, and he is a member of the Delta Omega Honorary Public Health Society. Jennifer Hillard is a volunteer with the Consumer Interest Alliance of Canada. From 1996–2002, she served as National Vice President of Issues
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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks and Policy at the Consumer Association of Canada (CAC). She has produced informational booklets in collaboration with the CAC and the Food Biotechnology Communications network. Ms. Hillard also served on the National Research Council/Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically Engineered Foods on Human Health. She has written many health and safety articles for publications designed for low-literacy consumers. Susan M. Krebs-Smith, Ph.D., M.P.H., is Chief of the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch of the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences of the National Cancer Institute. She oversees a program of research on the surveillance of risk factors related to cancer—including diet, physical activity, weight status, tobacco use, sun exposure, genetics, and family history; methodological issues to improve the assessment of those factors; and issues related to guidance and food policy. In a previous position at US Department of Agriculture, Dr. Krebs-Smith was a member of the team that developed and tested food guidance recommendations that were subsequently adopted in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the original Food Guide Pyramid. More recently, she was a member of the drafting committee for the 2005 Dietary Guidelines. Her contributions in the area of dietary assessment methodology have focused on reported food intake differences between low energy reporters (LER) and non-LERs, on developing methods to assess dietary patterns, and on estimating usual dietary intake. Dr. Krebs-Smith is a member of the International Advisory Committee, Sixth International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods, and has served on the editorial boards for both the Journal of the American Dietetic Association and the Journal of Nutrition Education, and on the Governing Council of the American Public Health Association. Stanley T. Omaye, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Nutrition at the University of Nevada–Reno. Dr. Omaye served as Chief of the Applied Nutrition Branch and as research chemist for the Biochemistry Division, Department of Nutrition at Letterman Army Institute of Research, San Francisco, CA. He also served the US Department of Agriculture as project leader and research chemist at the Western Human Nutrition Center, San Francisco, and project leader and research nutritionist at the Western Regional Research Center, Berkeley. Dr. Omaye is a member of the American College of Nutrition, the Western Pharmacology Society, the American College of Toxicology, the Society of Toxicology, the American Society for Nutritional Sciences, the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, and the Institute of Food Technologists. He is author or coauthor of more than 160 publications and serves on the editorial boards of Toxicology, Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, and Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. Dr. Omaye is a certified nutrition
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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks specialist and a Fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences and of the American College of Nutrition. Dr. Omaye’s research efforts are directed at air pollutants, food toxins, selected phytochemicals, tobacco smoke, and aging. Jose M. Ordovas, Ph.D., is Senior Scientist and Director of the Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. Dr. Ordovas’ major research interests focus on the genetic factors predisposing to cardiovascular disease and their interaction with the environment and behavioral factors with special emphasis on diet, particularly omega-3 and -6 fatty acids. He has participated in the Framingham Heart Study for nearly 20 years and is carrying out multiple cross-cultural studies to determine cardiovascular risk in different populations around the world, including Asian Pacific and Mediterranean populations. He has written numerous reviews and edited several books on diet and coronary heart disease, diet and genetics, and the role of omega-3 fatty acids on lipoproteins and atherosclerosis. Dr. Ordovas serves on numerous editorial boards and is active with several American Heart Association and National Institutes of Health committees, including the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Program Projects Parent Committee. Throughout his career, Dr. Ordovas has contributed his expertise to various global organizations. He has served as Nutrition Expert for the American Soybean Association, consulting for Mexico and Central America; was named Expert Consultant to the Singapore Ministry of Health; and is the recipient of the Francisco Grande Memorial Lecture for Excellence in Nutrition. W. Steven Otwell, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Food Science and Human Nutrition Department of the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences. Dr. Otwell is recipient of the Institute of Food Technology’s Myron Solberg Award for Excellence and Leadership. Dr. Otwell is the national director of the Seafood Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points Alliance to help seafood processors and inspectors comply with federal food safety regulations. In 1997, he received Vice President Gore’s National Performance Review Award for leadership of the nationwide seafood safety training program. His research focus is assuring quality, safety, and developments for the seafood industry and general public welfare. Madeleine Sigman-Grant, Ph.D., R.D., is Professor and Area Specialist at the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension. Dr. Sigman-Grant is nationally known for her work in maternal and early childhood health and nutrition. She received an Early Extension Career Award in 1992 from Epsilon Sigma Phi, a Cooperative Extension honorary fraternity. She served as a member of the Food Advisory Committee for the Food and Drug Administration and is currently a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics panel revising Bright Futures. She is a member of the Society
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Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks for Nutrition Education, the American Society of Nutrition, the American Dietetic Association and the International Society for Research in Human Milk and Lactation. Nicolas Stettler, M.D., MSCE, is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and Senior Scholar at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Dr. Stettler is a pediatrician with specialty certification by the American Board of Physician Nutrition Specialists. He is a Fellow of the American Heart Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, a member of the World Heart Federation, the International Epidemiology Association, and the European and American Societies for Pediatric Research. Dr. Stettler’s research interest is in the epidemiology and prevention of obesity and related cardiovascular risk factors in childhood with special emphasis on a life course approach to the development of obesity and related complications. FNB Liaison Susan A. Ferenc, D.V.M., Ph.D., is the President of the Chemical Producers and Distributors Association in Alexandria, Virginia. Prior to this position, she served as the Executive Vice President for Scientific and Regulatory Affairs and Chief Science Officer at the Food Products Association, Washington, D.C. Previous experience includes serving as Principal and Senior Consultant, SAF*RISK LC, Madison, Wisconsin; and as Vice President, Scientific and Regulatory Policy, Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA); Senior Scientist, ILSI Risk Science Institute; and Risk Science Specialist, US Department of Agriculture Office of Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis, in Washington, D.C. She also has extensive experience in international field research, having coordinated projects in South America, Africa, and the Caribbean. Areas of expertise include food safety and risk assessment, international program coordination, agricultural policy analysis, food and resource economics, and veterinary medicine and parasitology. Dr. Ferenc belongs to a number of professional societies and has coordinated, chaired, or presented at numerous US and international working groups, expert consultations, and conferences dealing with food safety/risk analysis, etc. She has also published reports, abstracts, books, and presentations dealing with related topics.