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Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries APPENDIX B Acronyms and Abbreviations AC doxorubicin ACCP Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention ACS American Cancer Society ACSU American Cancer Society University AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology ASCUS atypical cells of uncertain significance ASH Action on Smoking and Health BHGI Breast Health Global Initiative BMI body mass index CBC complete blood count CBE clinical breast examination CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CD-ROM compact disc-read only memory CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CMF cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil CML chronic myelogenous leukemia CRS creditor reporting system CT computed tomography CTPR93 Control of Tobacco Products Regulation 1993 CTSU Clinical Trial Service Unit
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Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries DALY disability-adjusted life-year DCIS ductal carcinoma in situ DES diethylstilbestrol DIRAC Directory of Radiotherapy Centres DTP diphtheria, tetanus, polio DVI direct visual inspection EC epirubicin and cyclophosphamide ED Europa Donna ER estrogen receptor ESMO European Society for Medical Oncology FAC 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide FCTC Framework Convention on Tobacco Control FDA Food and Drug Administration GAVI Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization GNI gross national income GSK GlaxoSmithKline HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen HBV hepatitis B virus HC hybrid capture HCC hepatocellular carcinoma HCV hepatitis C virus HER-2/neu Human epidermal growth factor receptor HKL Hospital Kuala Lumpur HINARI Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome HPV human papillomavirus HSIL high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion HTLV-1 human T lymphotropic virus type 1 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer IHC immunohistochemistry ILO International Labor Organization INCB International Narcotics Control Board INCTR International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research INEN Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (National Institute for Neoplastic Illnesses; Lima, Peru) IOM Institute of Medicine
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Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries IOP International Outreach Program KJ kilojoules LBC liquid-based cytology LEEP loop electrosurgical excision procedure LH-RH luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone LMCs low- and middle-income countries LSIL low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion MBCC Malaysian Breast Cancer Council MECC Middle East Cancer Consortium MIC medical information center MISPHO Monza International School of Pediatric Oncology MOH Ministry of Health MRI magnetic resonance imaging NCCP National Cancer Control Programme NCD noncommunicable disease NCI National Cancer Institute NCR National Cancer Registry NGE no global estimate NGO nongovernmental organizations NIH National Institutes of Health NRT nicotine replacement therapy NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug OC oral contraceptive OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development ORCI Ocean Road Cancer Institute PACT Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy PAF population attributable fraction PATH Program on Appropriate Technology for Health PCR polymerase chain reaction PCU pediatric cancer unit PDA personal digital assistant PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief PET positron emission tomography POND Pediatric Oncology Networked Database PPSG Pain and Policy Studies Group PR progesterone receptor PSA prostate specific antigen
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Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries QALY quality-adjusted life-year RRI Reach to Recovery International SIOP International Society of Pediatric Oncology SPECT single photon emission computed tomography STEPS STEPwise Approach to Surveillance STI sexually transmitted infection STM specimen transport medium TFI Tobacco Free Initiative TNM tumor, nodes, metastases (cancer staging system) UICC International Union Against Cancer UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund USAID U.S. Agency for International Development UV ultraviolet VIA visual inspection with acetic acid VILI visual inspection with Lugol’s iodine YLL years of life lost WHA World Health Assembly WHF World Heart Federation WHO World Health Organization WHOCC WHO Collaborating Center WIA Women’s Indian Association (a designation for the Cancer Institute in Chennai) WiRED World Internet Resources for Education and Development
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