The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2006 Symposium
FIGURE 1 A highly simplified diagram of the mammalian auditory pathway. Adapted from Casseday et al., 2002; LeDoux, 1997; Oertel, 2002; Rauschecker and Tian, 2000; and Young, 1998.
The basic model-building began in 1998 and continued through 2002, just when personal computers crossed the 1 GHz mark, which meant that, for the first time in history, it was possible to build working, real-time models of real brain-system components, in software, on consumer computer platforms. Early demonstrations in 2001 and 2002 included high-resolution, real-time displays of the cochlea; binaural spatial representations, such as interaural time differences (ITDs) and interaural level differences (ILDs); high-resolution, event-based