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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported through endowment funds provided by the National Academies. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations contained in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-10409-8

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-10409-2

Library of Congress Control Number: 2007927598

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Cover: Top image shows a FEMA flood insurance rate map overlaid on aerial orthoimagery from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agriculture Imagery Program. (Note that the images are not orthorectified.) Bottom image shows a digital elevation model called a triangular irregular network (TIN). TIN courtesy Dr. Pankaj Agarwal, Duke University. Cover design by Van Nguyen.

Copyright 2007 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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