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Innovation Policies for the 21st Century: Report of a Symposium
in a wide range of manufacturing and service industries, including those relating to information technology.3 The Board also undertook a major study, chaired by Gordon Moore of Intel, on how government-industry partnerships can support the growth and commercialization of productivity enhancing technologies.4 Reflecting a growing recognition of the importance of the surge in productivity since 1995, the Board also launched a multifaceted assessment, exploring the sources of growth, measurement challenges, and the policy framework required to sustain the New Economy.5
The current study on Comparative Innovation Policies builds on STEP’s experience to develop an international comparative analysis focused on U.S. and foreign innovation programs. The analysis will include a review of the goals, concept, structure, operation, funding levels, and evaluation of foreign programs similar to major U.S. programs. Among other initiatives, this study will convene senior officials and academic analysts engaged in the operation and evaluation of these programs overseas to gain a first-hand understanding of the goals, challenges, and accomplishments of these programs.
The project held its opening event, “Innovation Policies for the 21st Century,” on April 15, 2005. This international symposium drew experts from Europe, North America, and East Asia to provide overviews of major programs underway around the world to support innovation. This conference report summarizes their practical, “hands-on” insights concerning government and government-related programs that have worked. While the conference stimulated a rich and varied discussion, it did not (nor could it reasonably hope to) cover all facets of this important topic. For example, the issue of national treatment of intellectual property rights, while raised by some speakers, did not emerge as a focus of discussion. (The relationship between national innovation policies and global linkages is another issue touched on in this conference but not fully amplified. Similarly, the issue of national themes or innovation focus as practiced in different parts of the world was raised during the conference but not sufficiently articulated.) These issues are important and call for further attention. This report reflects both the strengths and limitations of the conference of April 15, 2005; it captures the scope and diversity of national programs and raises issues of direct policy interest for further research.
National Research Council, U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance, David C. Mowery, ed., Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1999.
This summary of a multivolume study provides the Moore Committee’s analysis of best practices among key U.S. public private partnerships. See National Research, Government-Industry Partnershipsfor the Development of New Technologies: Summary Report, Charles W. Wessner, ed., Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2003. For a list of U.S. partnership programs, see Christopher Coburn and Dan Berglund, Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Programs, Columbus, OH: Battelle Press, 1995.
National Research Council, Enhancing Productivity Growth in the Information Age: Measuringand Sustaining the New Economy, Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds., Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2007.