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Appendix A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PANEL MEMBERS Norman Borlaug, Chair, is Senior Consultant to the Director General of CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center), as well as Distinguished Professor of International Agriculture at Texas A&M University, and President, Sasakawa Africa Association. A Nobel Peace Laureate, member of the National Academy of Sciences, and Founder of the World Food Prize, he is the recipient of nearly 60 honorary degrees. Dr. Borlaug’s early work in plant pathology, wheat breeding, and agronomic systems has led him to become one of the best-known spokespersons and ambassadors for tropical agriculture and food security. Dr. Borlaug remains deeply involved in enhancing African agriculture through the Sasakawa Africa Association and its Global 2000 Partnership with the Carter Center, whose mission is raising the productivity of African farmers through sustainable development and equitable and responsible use of resources. Borlaug is from the U.S., and has a doctorate in plant pathology from the University of Minnesota. Anthony Cunningham is Professorial Research Fellow at Charles Darwin University in Fremantle, and Director of People and Plants International, the follow-through to the WWF/UNESCO/Kew “People and Plants Initiative,” which he helped found and for which he was African Regional Coordinator through 2000. An ethnoecologist whose work focuses on the applied ecology of natural-resource use by people, his early research was on traditional foods in southern Africa. Much of his research is tied to implementation processes promoting collaborative resource management programs between local communities and outside influences such as government, NGOs, and conservation or commercial interests. Cunningham is from South Africa, with a doctorate in botany from the University of Cape Town. 347
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348 LOST CROPS OF AFRICA Jane I. Guyer is Professor of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University, after moving in 2002 from Northwestern University where she was Professor of Anthropology and Director of African Studies from 1994. Professor Guyer, a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in 2003, specializes in African studies, social anthropology, and the study of production and distribution systems, in particular the anthropology of the economy and material life in West and Equatorial Africa. She focuses on the growth and change of indigenous economies, with a special emphasis on food economies and money management outside structured systems. Professor Guyer’s most recent book is Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa, which focuses on the function of popular economic systems in Africa, from crisis conditions to ordinary household budgets. Guyer, a U.S. citizen, is from England, and has a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Rochester. Hans Herren has been President of the Millennium Institute since 2005. Dr. Herren served as Director General of the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) in Nairobi for twenty years, prior to which he was with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. An agronomist and entomologist, Dr. Herren has spent most of his working life in Africa, where his research has been on the field-level union of science-led information with local production systems, particularly emphasizing pioneering applications of integrated pest management. His latest research efforts address poverty alleviation, sustainable agricultural productivity, and biodiversity conservation in Africa. Herren’s contributions to improving Africa’s food security, particularly research and control of the cassava mealybug through the world’s largest biological control project, have been recognized through many awards, including the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement and the World Food Prize. A Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, Herren is from Switzerland, with a doctorate in agricultural sciences from its Federal Institute of Technology. Calestous Juma is Professor of the Practice of International Development and Director of the Science, Technology and Globalization Project at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. He is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Kenya National Academy of Sciences, and Fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences and the World Academy of Art and Science. Dr. Juma is former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and founding Executive Director of the African Centre for Technology Studies in Nairobi, an independent public policy research
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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 349 institution. His research, beginning with field work with indigenous crops in Kenya, includes biodiversity and biotechnology, evolutionary and systems theory, science and technology policy studies, institutional change, and international trade and environmental policy. Dr. Juma has written widely on issues of science, technology and environment, including Science, Technology and Economic Growth: Africa’s Biopolicy Agenda for the 21st Century. Juma is Kenyan, with a doctorate in science and technology policy studies from the University of Sussex. Akinlawon Mabogunje was Chair of the Development Policy Centre in Ibadan, Nigeria until retirement, and serves as co-convener of the international Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability. He is also Chairman of the Nigerian Presidential Technical Committee on Housing and Urban Development. Formerly Professor of Geography, Dean of the Faculty of the Social Science, and Director of the Planning Studies Programme, University of Ibadan, he was also President of the International Geographical Union. Dr. Mabogunje served as Advisory Committee Chair for the Urban Management Programme of the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements and Vice-Chairman of the Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure, Office of the President, Nigeria. A Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Mabogunje’s work explores continuity and development of rural/urban/regional interactions in Africa over time, with increasing attention to future issues of sustainability. Mabogunje is from Nigeria with a doctorate in geography from University College London. Barbara Underwood, Adjunct Professor of Nutrition (Pediatrics) at Columbia University, was until recently Scholar in Residence at the U.S. Institute of Medicine, and is Past President of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. Prior to retirement she was Chemist at the National Eye Institute of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, where she also served a secondment as Scientist in the Nutrition Unit of the World Health Organization. Dr. Underwood has broad experience in international nutritional deficiency and maternal/child health problems, with recent work devoted to development of global policy and guidelines for the control of micronutrient deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and iodine. Her laboratory developed and first applied in human populations the Relative Dose Response (RDR) test to indirectly identify depleted vitamin A stores. In addition, her research and training interests have focused on nutritional problems of mothers and children in deprived circumstances. Underwood is from the U.S., and has a doctorate in nutritional biochemistry from Columbia University.
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350 LOST CROPS OF AFRICA Montague Yudelman has been involved in international agricultural development for close to 50 years. A Woodrow Wilson Fellow, he has also been a Senior Fellow at the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) in Washington. He was on the staff of the Rockefeller Foundation during the gestation of their international agricultural research program, and later Director of Agriculture and Rural Development at the World Bank. He has taught at Harvard University and the University of Michigan and served as Vice President of the OECD Development Center. He was Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Population Reference Bureau and serves on the Board of The Vetiver Network, among other organizations. He has published widely in the field of agricultural development, food production, and pest management, including the 1964 standard, Africans on the Land, and the International Food Policy Research Institute’s 2020 Vision Discussion Paper (32) on Integrated Nutrient Management, Soil Fertility, and Sustainable Agriculture: Current Issues and Future Challenges (with Peter Gruhn and Francesco Goletti). Yudelman, a U.S. citizen, is from South Africa, and has a doctorate in agricultural economics from the University of California at Berkeley.