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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Antoinette Taylor, Chair, received her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University, where she was a Hertz Foundation (predoctoral and doctoral) Fellow. Her thesis work on novel molecular spec- troscopy was supervised by Professor Arthur Schawlow. She pursued postdoctoral research at Cornell University, where she investigated ultrafast dynamics in dye molecules in solution and semiconductors with Professor C.L. Tang. Dr. Taylor then became a member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Labora- tories in the Lightwave Systems Department, where she worked on optical communications systems and developed a robust electro-optical sampling system based on light wave technology for characterizing high-speed circuits. In 1986 she went to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to work on the Los Alamos Bright Source, an ultrahigh-intensity laser system used to investigate the light-matter interac- tion in the high-field regime. In 1994 Dr. Taylor joined the Electronic Materials and Devices Group as a deputy group leader, a position that she held for more than 3 years before transferring to the Con- densed Matter and Thermal Physics Group in 1998, where she remained until 2004. During that period she was project leader for the advanced diagnostics for the Pulsed Power Hydrodynamics Program, responsible for leading the diagnostic development activities for the Atlas pulsed-power facility. She is currently the associate director of the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, a joint Sandia National Laboratories/LANL nanoscience center funded through the Department of Energy (DOE) Basic Energy Sciences program. Dr. Taylor also leads a photonics-based team that carries out research on Atlas and on ultrafast dynamics of complex materials on the nanoscale, including spin-charge-lattice interactions in correlated electron materials, nonlinear optical effects in microstructured fibers, the ultrafast dynamics of phase transitions in solids, the development of terahertz technology for threat-reduction applications, and the development of spatially and temporally local probes. She is a former director-at-large of the Optical Society of America and topical editor of the Journal of the Optical Society B: Optical Physics. She is a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS), the Optical Society of America (OSA), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). In 2003, Dr. Taylor won the inaugural Los Alamos Fellow’s Prize for Outstanding Leadership in Science and Engineering. 185

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186 Nanophotonics Anthony J. DeMaria, Vice Chair, is chief scientist at Coherent-DEOS, LLC, and professor in residence at the University of Connecticut School of Engineering. He was chairman/chief executive officer and founder of DeMaria ElectroOptics Systems, Inc. (1994-2001). He held several positions at the United Technology Research Center before he retired as assistant director of research for electronics and photonics technology. Dr. DeMaria’s research expertise is in the area of utilization of laser devices; interaction of elastic waves with coherent light radiation; generation, measurement, and application of picosecond light pulses; gas laser research and applications; acoustic-optics; laser physics and devices; and optics. Dr. DeMaria has been adjunct professor of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, a consultant to government and industry, editor of the Journal of Quantum Electronics, and a member of government and industry advisory boards. He was the Distinguished Fairchild Scholar at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. DeMaria is a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. He was president of the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering (1997-2003). He was a research professor at the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Connecticut (1994-1998). Bradley G. Boone is currently a physicist in the Space Department’s Radio Frequency Engineering Group at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) working on optical communi- cations and laser radar for deep-space applications. He is a member of APL’s principal professional staff. After earning his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Virginia in 1977, Dr. Boone joined APL and became involved in a variety of advanced missile-guidance projects. He was the principal investigator on numerous independent research and development projects in active electro-optical systems, optical signal processing, superconducting electronics, and pattern recognition. He served as a section super- visor in APL’s Fleet Systems Department from 1983 to 1996 and as supervisor of the Electro-Optical Systems Group from 1997 to 2000. Dr. Boone has published more than 50 technical papers and 1 book and holds 5 U.S. patents. He has taught extensively for the G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering and was visiting professor in its Electrical and Computer Engineering Department in 1990-1991. Steven R.J. Brueck is the director of the Center for High Technology Materials (CHTM) and a professor of electrical and computer engineering and a professor of physics and astronomy at the University of New Mexico. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1971. As CHTM director, he manages research and education at the boundaries of two disci- plines. The first, optoelectronics, is found in CHTM’s emphasis on semiconductor laser sources, optical modulators, detectors, and optical fibers. The second, microelectronics, applies semiconductor technol- ogy to the fabrication of electronic and optoelectronic devices for information and control applications. Examples of these unifying themes at work are silicon (Si)-based optoelectronics and optoelectronics for Si manufacturing sensors. Dr. Brueck is also a former research staff member of the MIT Lincoln Laboratory. He is a member of the American Physical Society and the Materials Research Society and a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Optical Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Nancy (Naomi) Halas is currently the Stanley C. Moore Professor of Electrical and Computer Engi- neering and professor of chemistry at Rice University. She received her undergraduate degree in chemistry from La Salle University in Philadelphia and her master’s and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Bryn Mawr College, the latter while she was a graduate fellow at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, ­Yorktown Heights, N.Y. Following her postdoctoral research at AT&T Bell Laboratories, she joined the faculty at Rice University. She is best known for her invention of nanoshells, a new type of

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APPENDIX A 187 nanoparticle with tunable optical properties especially suited for biotechnology applications. She has been the recipient of a National Science Foundation (NSF) Young Investigator Award, three Hershel Rich Invention Awards, the 2003 Cancer Innovator Award of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs of the Department of Defense, and the 2000 CRS-Cygnus award for Outstanding Work in Drug Delivery. She was also awarded Best Discovery of 2003 by Nanotechnology Now, the world’s leading nanotechnology news and information site, and was named a finalist for Small Times Magazine’s 2004 Nanotechnology Researcher of the Year. She is the author of more than 100 peer-reviewed publications, has presented more than 170 invited talks, and has 9 issued patents. Dr. Halas is a fellow of the Ameri- can Physical Society and of the Optical Society of America. She is also the founder and director of the Rice University Laboratory for Nanophotonics, a multidisciplinary research network whose mission is the design, invention, and application of nanoscale optical components. Hendrik F. Hamann is currently a research manager for photonics and thermal physics in the ­Physical Sciences Department at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y. He received a diploma in 1992 and a Ph.D. in 1995 from the University in Goettingen in Germany. In 1995 he joined JILA (joint institute of the University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology) as a research associate in Boulder, Colorado, where he explored novel applications for near-field optics. In 1999 he joined IBM Research as a visiting scientist. Since 2001, Dr. Hamann has been leading the Thermal Physics program in IBM Research, first as a research staff member and currently as a research manager. He has authored and coauthored more than 20 peer-reviewed scientific papers and holds more than 15 patents and has more than 25 pending patent applications. In 2006 was named an IBM Master Inventor. He is a member of the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Evelyn Hu currently holds joint appointments in electrical and computer engineering and materials and is the scientific codirector of the newly formed California Nanosystems Institute, a University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA)-University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) collaborative California Institute for Science and Innovation. She received her B.A. in physics (summa cum laude) from Barnard College and her M.A. and Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University. From 1975 to 1981, Dr. Hu was a member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories at Holmdel, N.J. From 1981 to 1984, she served as a supervisor for very-large-scale integration patterning processes at Bell Laboratories at Murray Hill, N.J. In 1984 she jointed UCSB as a professor of electrical and computer engineering. Her research focuses on the high-resolution fabrication of compound semiconductor electronic and opto- electronic devices, on candidate structures for the realization of quantum computation schemes, and on novel device structures formed through the heterogeneous integration of materials. Recently her work has involved the interaction of quantum (Q) dots in high Q microdisk and photonic crystal cavities. Dr. Hu is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a member of the Academia Sinica, and a recipient of the AAAS Lifetime Mentor Award, and she was named an NSF Distinguished Teaching Scholar. She was also named the 2005 UCSB Faculty Research Lecturer. She is a fellow of the IEEE, the APS, and the AAAS, and holds an honorary doctorate of engineering from the University of Glasgow. Peter Palffy-Muhoray is professor of chemical physics and associate director of the Liquid Crystal Institute at Kent State University. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of British Colum- bia in 1977. Dr. Palffy-Muhoray joined Kent State University in 1987. During 1989-1990, he served as consultant for AT&T Bell Laboratories in Summit, N.J. His areas of expertise include nonlinear optics, pattern formation, and nonequilibrium phenomena in liquid crystals. His recent work involves

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188 Nanophotonics light-driven Brownian ratchets, self-assembled photonic band-gap materials, mirrorless lasing in liquid crystals, liquid-crystal elastomers, and orientationally ordered nanoparticle assemblies. He is a member of the APS, the OSA, the Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM). He directs the New Liquid Crystal Materials Facility at Kent State University, and he is chief scientific officer of AlphaMicron, Inc. Stanley Rogers is currently the senior research scientist/engineer, team leader, and technology manager for the United States Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. He is also a major in the U.S. Air Force Reserve and holds the position of senior combatant command liaison and strategic manager. His service is also extended as an adjunct professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of Dayton. He received two national awards in 2005, for his leadership and outstanding contributions and for devoted service in photonics, optical engineering, and outreach activities. He received a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering at a historically black institution, Tennessee State University. He graduated at the top of his electrical engineering class in 1985 and scored so well in the Reserve Officers Training Corps that the Air Force commissioned him as a regu- lar appointee. He received his master’s and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Dayton. In 2005, Dr. Rogers submitted applications for three patents in the areas of plasma-enabling technologies. He submitted another patent application in 2006. In 2005, he also authored, had published, and presented many papers and/or talks at various forums for military, engineering, and national as well as international audiences. In 2006, he gained approval to publish and/or present 4 more publications in the areas of material synthesis, photonic/optics beam steering, nanotechnology/microelectromechanical systems enabling technologies, and plasma-gas-based broadband infrared beam steering. Dr. Rogers referees journal articles for the international journal Optical Engineering and is on the SPIE executive organizing committee for the Great Lakes Photonics Symposium. He currently has membership with the IEEE, the SPIE, the OSA, AOC, BIG, and Alpha Phi Alpha. Jerry A. Simmons is the deputy director for energy sciences of the Center for Physical, Chemical, and Nano-Sciences at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Dr. Simmons received his bachelor of art’s degrees in philosophy and in physics from New College of Florida and a master’s and Ph.D. in elec- trical engineering from Princeton University. He worked as a technician in the Optoelectronic Device Department under Mort Panish at Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J., from 1982 to 1984. Dr. Simmons joined SNL as a senior member of the technical staff in 1990 and became manager of the Semiconductor Material and Device Sciences Department in 2000; he served as program manager for the $8.3 million Solid State Lighting Grand Challenge Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) ­Project, a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency project on deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes for chemical-biological detection, a Joint LANL/SNL Nanoscience LDRD Project on Active Photonic Nano- structures, and a DOE Basic Energy Sciences project on Interacting Nanoelectronic and Nanophotonic Structures. He has also managed several internal projects on semiconductor physics, including terahertz quantum cascade lasers and detectors, Bloch oscillations produced in lateral semiconductor superlattices, and collective quantum electronic states at low temperatures. In 2004, Dr. Simmons assumed his present position, in which he oversees SNL’s portfolio of DOE Basic Energy Sciences materials science research projects ($9 million per year), and serves as a liaison to the Department of Defense military technology business units at SNL. He has served as the nanoelectronics and nanophotonics thrust leader for the joint SNL/Los Alamos Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, one of five DOE Nanoscience Research Centers. Dr. Simmons has authored more than 100 publications and serves as a reviewer for NSF, DOE, the APS, Physical Review, and several other institutions and scientific journals. He received an Industry

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APPENDIX A 189 Week Technology of the Year Award in 1998 for the invention of a quantum tunneling transistor and was appointed a fellow of the APS in 2002. He was organizer and chair of the 16th International Confer- ence on the Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Systems, held in ­Albuquerque, New Mexico, in July 2005. Edwin Thomas currently serves as the department head for materials science and engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He and others from MIT cofounded OmniGuide Commu- nications, Inc., in Cambridge. He has served as associate head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, as director of MIT’s Program in Polymer Science and Technology, and as founding director of the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies. Before going to MIT, he founded and served as codirector of the Institute for Interface Science and was head of the Department of Polymer Science and Engineering at the University of Massachusetts. Dr. Thomas is the recipient of the 1991 High Polymer Physics Prize of the APS and the 1985 American Chemical Society Creative Polymer Chemist Award. He was elected a fellow of the APS in 1986 and a fellow of the AAAS in 2003. Dr. Thomas has been a visiting professor and senior scientist at the Institut Charles Sadron at the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique for Macromolecules in Strasbourg, France; visiting professor at the Chemistry Department of the University of Florida; visiting professor in the Department of Physics at Bristol University; a Bye Fellow in the Department of Physics and Materials Science at Robinson College, Cambridge University; a visiting professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the University of Minnesota; the Alexander von Humboldt Fellow at the Institute for Macromolecular Chemistry at the University of Freiburg; and assistant professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the University of Minnesota. He wrote the undergraduate textbook entitled The Structure of Materials, has coauthored more than 350 papers, and holds 11 patents. His research interests include polymer physics and engineering of the mechanical and optical properties of block copolymers, liquid- crystalline polymers, and hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites. Eli Yablonovitch is the Northrop Grumman Opto-Electronics Chair, Professor of Electrical Engineer- ing. He graduated with a Ph.D. in applied physics from Harvard University in 1972. He worked for 2 years at Bell Telephone Laboratories and then became a professor of applied physics at Harvard. In 1979 he joined Exxon Corporation to do research on photovoltaic solar energy. Then in 1984, he joined Bell Communications Research, where he was a Distinguished Member of Staff and also director of solid-state physics research. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the Optical Society of America, and the American Physical Society. Dr. Yablonovitch is a life member of Eta Kappa Nu and a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. He has been awarded the Adolf Lomb Medal, the W. Streifer Scientific Achievement Award, the R.W. Wood Prize, and the Julius Springer Prize. Dr. Yablonovitch was a founder of the Workshop on Photonic and Electromagnetic Crystal Structures series of Photonic Crystal International Workshops that began in 1999. His work has covered a broad variety of topics: nonlinear optics, laser-plasma interaction, infrared laser chemistry, photovoltaic energy conversion, strained-quantum-well lasers, and chemical modification of semiconductor surfaces. Currently his main interests are in optoelectronics, high-speed optical communications, high-efficiency light-emitting diodes and nano-cavity lasers, photonic crystals at optical and microwave frequencies, and quantum computing and quantum communication.