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Appendix E Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Veerabhadran Ramanathan, chair, is distinguished professor of atmospheric and climate sciences and the Victor C. Alderson Professor of Applied Ocean Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He also directs two research centers at Scripps: the Center for Clouds, Chemistry, and Cli- mate; and the Center for Atmospheric Sciences. Dr. Ramanathan earned his Ph.D. in planetary atmospheres at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. His research focuses on understanding how atmospheric gases, clouds, and aerosols regulate the planetary greenhouse effect, solar radiative heating, and climate. In the mid-1970s he identified the strong greenhouse effect of chlorofluorocarbons and other man-made trace gases. His recently completed Indian Ocean Experiment led to the discovery of the South Asian brown cloud and its impact on regional climate, and to the ini- tiation of a United Nations-sponsored research program to study the impact of brown clouds worldwide. His current research focuses on the use of min- iaturized instruments on unmanned aircraft to understand how the planet regulates its albedo. Dr. Ramanathan is the recipient of many awards for his research and international leadership, including the American Meteorologi- cal Society Rossby Medal, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences Buys Ballot Medal, and the Volvo environment prize. He is an active participant in national and international advisory committees concerned with climate and air pollution, and has served on the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects of Climate, the Climate Research Committee, and the Board on Global Change. He is a member of the Na- tional Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 11

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12 APPENDIX E the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Academia Europaea, and the Third World Academy of Sciences. John B. Carberry is director of environmental technology at the DuPont Company. He holds an M.E. in chemical engineering from Cornell Uni- versity and an M.B.A. from the University of Delaware. He is also a registered professional chemical engineer in Delaware. Although his early career focused on developing chemical processes or new products, he is currently analyzing environmental issues to help set policy or develop business programs for his company. In that capacity, he has participated in environmental assessments and formulated performance metrics for sus- tainability. He has also participated in a number of climate change-related activities, including the mid-Atlantic assessment of the environment. Mr. Carberry has served on a number of committees dealing with performance metrics and the environment, most notably the NRC Committee on Metrics for Global Change Research, the Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Energy Systems, and the Committee on the Industrial Environment Performance Metrics: Opportunities and Challenges. He is a fellow of the American Institute for Chemical Engineering. Robert E. Dickinson is a professor in the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He received his Ph.D. in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Dr. Dickinson’s research interests are in climate modeling, global change re- search, natural and anthropogenic forcing of climate variations, and land- atmosphere interactions in large-scale models. Dr. Dickinson has received a number of awards for his work in these areas, including the American Geophysical Union’s Roger Revelle Medal and the American Meteoro- logical Society’s Rossby Award, Jule G. Charney Award, and Meisinger Award. He has also participated in a number of climate-related committees, including the Climate Variability and Predictability Programme, the Inter- national Global Carbon Project (of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, International Human Dimensions Programme, and World Cli- mate Research Programme), and the NRC Committee on the Science of Cli- mate Change. Dr. Dickinson is past president of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), and a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. Eileen E. Hofmann is a professor in the Department of Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and a member of the Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography at Old Dominion University. She received her Ph.D. in marine sciences and engineering from North Carolina State University

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1 APPENDIX E in 1980. Her research interests are in physical-biological interactions in marine ecosystems, climate control of diseases of marine shellfish popula- tions, descriptive physical oceanography, and mathematical modeling of marine ecosystems. Dr. Hofmann has worked in a variety of marine envi- ronments, the most recent being the continental shelf region off the west Antarctic Peninsula. She currently chairs the Southern Ocean Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (SO GLOBEC) Planning Group and is an ex-officio member of the U.S. and International GLOBEC science steering commit- tees. Dr. Hoffman has served on a number of NRC committees concerned with oceanography and ecology, including the Ocean Studies Board, the Committee on Ecosystem Management for Sustainable Marine Fisheries, and the Ecology Panel. She also brings expertise in evaluating research progress, having recently served on the NRC Committee on Metrics for Global Change Research. James W. Hurrell is director of the Climate and Global Dynamics Divi- sion at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Although most of his professional career has been at NCAR, he spent a year as a visiting scientist at the U.K. Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in 1999. Dr. Hurrell received his Ph.D. in atmospheric science from Purdue University. His research interests focus on climate variability and anthropogenic climate change. Dr. Hurrell has contributed to national and international efforts on climate variability and change, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and U.S. Climate Variability and Predictability committees and panels. He also testified to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on climate change science and economics. He is a fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society, a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, and a recipient of its Clarence Leroy Meisinger Award. Jeanine A. Jones is a principal engineer and interstate resources manager at the California Department of Water Resources. She received her M.S. in civil engineering from the California State University, Sacramento, and is a registered civil engineer in California and Nevada. Ms. Jones was re- sponsible for preparation of the 1998 update of the California Water Plan and the 2000 Governor’s Advisory Drought Planning Panel report. She also participated in negotiations for the 2003 Colorado River Quantification Settlement Agreement and related agreements with relevant states and lo- cal agencies, and currently participates in the Colorado River Basin States negotiations over drought and shortage management. Her statewide plan- ning and drought management responsibilities included actions to inform the public about California drought vulnerability and to mitigate its effects. Such actions require the collection and analysis of regional data on param-

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1 APPENDIX E eters of interest to the Climate Change Science Program, including land use, water use, water supply, and surface and groundwater hydrology. Ms. Jones has served on the Colorado River Board of California and on a variety of committees of the Western States Water Council. She was also a governor’s liaison to the Western Water Policy Review Advisory Commission. Christopher O. Justice is director of research and a professor in the De- partment of Geography at the University of Maryland. He holds a Ph.D. in geography from Reading University (U.K.). Dr. Justice has research in- terests in land use and land cover change, global change, remote sensing, satellite-based fire monitoring, and terrestrial observing systems. He is the project scientist for NASA’s Land Cover and Land Use Change Program and the Fire Implementation Team leader for the Global Observation of Forest Cover project, which is part of the Global Terrestrial Observing System. He is also responsible for developing the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) fire product and rapid response system, a deci- sion-making tool for resource managers. Dr. Justice is a former member of the scientific steering committee for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Data and Information System and the NRC Committee on Earth Studies. He is a current member of the Integrated Global Observation of Land theme, which is part of the Integrated Global Observing Strategy. Roger E. Kasperson is a research professor and distinguished scientist at Clark University. While at Clark University, he also directed the Stockholm Research Institute from 1999 to 2002. He holds a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Chicago. He has written widely on issues connected with risk analysis and communication, global environmental change, and environmental policy. Dr. Kasperson has served as a consultant or adviser to federal agencies and private entities on energy and environmental issues. Notable committee appointments include the Potsdam Institute of Climate Change Research Science Advisory Board, the U.K. Tyndall Institute for Climate Change Scientific Advisory Committee, and the NRC Committee on the Human Dimension of Global Change. He has been honored for his hazards research by the Association of American Geographers and was made a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Society for Risk Analysis for his contributions to the field of risk analysis. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Charles D. Kolstad is the Donald Bren Professor of Environmental Eco- nomics and Policy at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he holds joint appointments in the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and the Department of Economics. He received his Ph.D. in economics and operations research from Stanford in 1982. Dr. Kolstad’s

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15 APPENDIX E research interests are in environmental and natural resource economics, with a focus on environmental regulation and valuation. He is actively engaged in the economics of climate change and has a long-standing in- terest in energy markets. He was a participant in the U.S.-EU High-Level Transatlantic Dialogue on Climate Change in 2005 and is a lead author in the current assessment of the IPCC. Dr. Kolstad has been a member of several NRC committees concerned with climate, energy, and measuring program performance, including the Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, the Committee on Building a Long-Term Environmental Quality Research and Development Program in the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Board on Energy and Environ- mental Systems. Maria Carmen Lemos is an associate professor of natural resources and environment at the University of Michigan and a senior policy analyst at the Udall Center for Studies of Public Policy at the University of Arizona. From 2006 to 2007 she was a James Martin Fellow at the Environmental Change Institute at Oxford University. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research interests focus on the human dimensions of global climate change, especially concerning the use of technical and scientific knowledge in climate-related policy and adaptation in less developed countries, the impact of technocratic decision making on democracy and equity, and natural resources (especially water) governance. Dr. Lemos has contributed to a number of national and inter- national efforts related to climate change, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change fourth assessment (chapter on industry, settle- ment, and society) and CCSP syntheses and assessments on decision sup- port experiments and evaluations using seasonal-to-interannual forecasts and observational data. She is a member of the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research scientific advisory committee. Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli is a professor in the Department of Earth, Atmo- spheric, and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy. She is also director of the Joint Program in Oceanography and Ocean Engineering at MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Malanotte-Rizzoli received her first Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Padua (Italy) and her second Ph.D. in physical oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Her research interests are in modeling ocean circulation with application to specific basins, constrain- ing ocean models with observations, modeling Black Sea ecosystems, and studying tropical-subtropical interactions in the tropical Atlantic, with em- phasis on coupled ocean-atmosphere modes of variability from seasonal-to- decadal time scales. She also has practical interests in mitigating the impact

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1 APPENDIX E of sea level rise and has been involved in a project to build tidal gates in Venice since 1995. She is a former president of the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Ocean, a former member of the NSF Ad- visory Committee for the Geosciences, and a current member of the NRC Panel on Climate Variability and Change. She is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. Ellen S. Mosley-Thompson is a professor of climatology in the Department of Geography, and a research scientist at the Byrd Polar Research Center at the Ohio State University. She holds a Ph.D. in atmospheric science (ge- ography) from Ohio State University. Her research focuses on paleoclimate reconstructions from chemical and physical properties preserved in ice cores collected from Antarctica, Greenland, China, Africa, and Peru. Dr. Mosley-Thompson has served on a number of NRC committees concerned with climate and polar regions, including the Committee on Glaciology, the Polar Research Board, and the Board on Global Change. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of that association’s steering group for geology and geography. Guido D. Salvucci is a professor and chair of the Department of Earth Sci- ences and a professor in the Department of Geography and Environment at Boston University. He received his Ph.D. in hydrology from the Massachu- setts Institute of Technology. His research focuses on coupled atmospheric water and energy balance processes, vadose zone hydrology, stochastic hydrology, and estimation of evapotranspiration and the water budget at large spatial scales through remote sensing. Dr. Salvucci has been active on hydrology committees and workshops, including the Consortium of Uni- versities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science’s Standing Committee on Hydrologic Science, the NRC Committee to Review the GAPP Science and Implementation Plan, the Science Steering Group for the NASA Water Cycle Initiative, and the NRC workshop on Groundwater Fluxes Across Interfaces. He is a recipient of the American Geophysical Union’s James B. Macelwane Medal and is also a fellow of that society. Susan E. Trumbore is a professor in the Department of Earth System Sci- ence and director of the Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Irvine Branch, at the University of California, Irvine. She received her Ph.D. in geochemistry from Columbia University. Her research interests are in the application of isotopes and tracers to problems in ecology, soil bio- geochemistry, and terrestrial carbon cycling. Dr. Trumbore was an author of the IPCC report on land use, land use change, and forestry. In addition to her teaching and scientific pursuits, she is interested in the evaluation of research programs and served on the NRC Committee on Metrics for

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1 APPENDIX E Global Change Research. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the American Geophysical Union and a former president of AGU’s biogeochemistry section. T. Stephen Wittrig is director of advanced technologies at BP. He received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the California Institute of Technol- ogy. Dr. Wittrig is responsible for BP’s academic and external technology programs in Russia and China. His current work focuses on developing a long-term technology strategy for BP, emphasizing clean energy technolo- gies (solar, wind, hydrogen, and combined-cycle-gas-turbine power gen- eration) and techniques for sequestering CO2 in depleted oil reserves. In previous positions at Amoco, he helped develop strategies for converting gas to liquids and oxygenates and for implementing chemical technologies, managed the engineering and process evaluation group for new chemical products development, and led a team to develop new reactor technology for converting methane to syngas. Dr. Wittrig was a member of the NRC committee that reviewed the CCSP strategic plan in 2004.

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