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Appendix B Acronyms AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AFRIMS Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Science ALS almond leaf scorch APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service AREA Academic Research Enhancement Award ARMA Malaria Atlas Project ARS Agricultural Research Service ATA Air Transport Association AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BI Breteau index BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy BTV bluetongue virus CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEAH Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health CEI Center for Emerging Issues CGDM2 Coupled Global Climate Model version 2 CI container index CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease CVC citrus variegated chlorosis DALY disability-adjusted life-years DDSS Dengue Decision Support System DENV dengue virus 301

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302 VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES DF dengue fever DHF dengue hemorrhagic fever DHS Department of Homeland Security DMID Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases DoD Department of Defense DoJ Department of Justice DSS dengue shock syndrome; decision support system DTP dengue transmission potential DV dengue virus EIP extrinsic incubation period EIR entomological inoculation rate EIS Epidemic Intelligence Service ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EMPRES Emergency Prevention System for the Transboundary Animal Diseases ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FDA Food and Drug Administration FTP Fellowship Training Program GAO Government Accountability Office GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GCM global climate model GHG greenhouse gas GIS geographic information system HadCM3 Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3 HCV hepatitis C virus HFRS hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome HHS Department of Health and Human Services HI house index HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HPAI highly pathogenic avian influenza HPS hantavirus pulmonary syndrome IATA International Air Transport Association ICIDR International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research IOM Institute of Medicine IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPM Integrated Pest Management IRID International Research in Infectious Diseases

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APPENDIX B 303 IRS indoor residual spray IS International Services ITM insecticide-treated materials ITN insecticide-treated bednets IVCC Innovative Vector Control Consortium JEV Japanese encephalitis virus kdr knockdown resistance LD lethal dose LL-ITM long-lasting insecticide-treated materials LSDI Lubombo Spatial Development Initiative MARA Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa project MAUP modifiable areal unit problem MP-NAT mini-pool nucleic acid amplification test NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NAHLN National Veterinary Services Laboratory Network NAHMS National Animal Health Monitoring and Surveillance NAHSS National Animal Health Surveillance System NAMRU Naval Medical Research Unit NDVI normalized difference vegetation index NE nephropathia epidemica NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NMCP National Malaria Control Programme NRSA National Research Service Award NS nonstructural proteins NSU National Surveillance Unit OIE Office International des Epizooties OIHP Office International d’Hygiène Publique OLR outgoing longwave radiation OLS oleander leaf scorch PA program announcement PAHO Pan American Health Organization PCMS Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site PCR ������������������������� polymerase chain reaction PD Pierce’s disease of grapevines PDI power dissipation index

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304 VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief PHP public health pesticide PRNT plaque reduction neutralization test PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder RCE Regional Centers of Excellence RDT rapid diagnostic test RFA requests for applications RNA ribonucleic acid RNAi RNA interference RREDS Ross River virus Early Detection and Surveillance RVF Rift Valley fever RVFV Rift Valley fever virus SEIR susceptible-exposed-infected-resistant SLE ���������������������� St. Louis encephalitis SLEV Saint Louis encephalitis virus SNV Sin Nombre virus SOI Southern Oscillation Index SST sea surface temperature TDR Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases TMRC Tropical Medicine Research Center ULV ultra low volume UN United Nations USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey VBD vector-borne disease VEEV Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus VP viral structural protein VS Veterinary Services WHO World Health Organization WHOPES World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme WNV West Nile virus YF yellow fever YFV yellow fever virus