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The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon
lan Radar Investigation Team (1990-1994), and chair of the NASA Mars Data Analysis Program Review Panel (2004-2005). He currently serves on the NRC Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration.
JAMES L. BURCH is a vice president at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in the Space Science and Engineering Division. Dr. Burch was a space physicist at NASA for 6 years prior to his taking a position at SwRI in 1977. In 1996, he was selected as the PI for the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration mission, which provided global images of key regions of Earth’s magnetosphere as they respond to variations in the solar wind. He now serves as PI and chair of the Science Working Group for the NASA Magnetospheric Multiprobe mission. Dr. Burch was elected a fellow of the American Geophysical Union in recognition of his work in the field of space physics and aeronomy, including research on the interaction of the solar wind with Earth’s magnetosphere and the physics of the aurora. He recently served on the governing board of the American Institute of Physics and previously chaired the NRC Committee on Solar and Space Physics. He also served on the NRC Committee for the Review of NASA Science Mission Directorate Science Plan.
ANDREW CHAIKIN is a science journalist, a space historian, and a commentator for National Public Radio, and has been an adviser to NASA on space policy and public communications. Mr. Chaikin has authored books and articles about space exploration and astronomy for more than two decades. He is also active as a lecturer at museums, schools, corporate events, and in radio and television appearances. He is best known as the author of A Man on the Moon: The Triumphant Story of the Apollo Space Program, first published in 1994. Mr. Chaikin spent 8 years writing and researching A Man on the Moon, including hundreds of hours of personal interviews with the 23 surviving lunar astronauts. He co-edited The New Solar System, a compendium of writings by planetary scientists, and he is also the author of Air and Space: The National Air and Space Museum Story of Flight. He collaborated with moonwalker-turned-artist Alan Bean to write Apollo: An Eyewitness Account, and he co-authored the text for the collection of Apollo photography, Full Moon. Mr. Chaikin served on the Viking missions to Mars team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and he was a researcher at the Smithsonian’s Center for Earth and Planetary Studies.
BARBARA A. COHEN is a research assistant professor and assistant curator of meteorites in the Institute of Meteoritics at the University of New Mexico. Her research efforts combine geochemistry and geochronology of terrestrial, lunar, and meteoritic samples to contribute to the understanding of planetary surface processes, including impact processing, igneous magmatism, and aqueous alteration. She has served on the Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM) and the CAPTEM lunar sample subcommittee. She is currently a member of the Athena Science team for the Mars Exploration Rovers mission.
MICHAEL DUKE is a planetary geologist who recently retired as the director of the Center for Commercial Applications of Combustion in Space at the Colorado School of Mines. His principal research focuses on the general area of study that relates to the use of in situ resources to support human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. His planetary science interests relate to the mineralogy and petrology of meteorites and lunar materials. Dr. Duke worked at the NASA Johnson Space Center for 25 years prior to accepting the position at the Colorado School of Mines in 1998. He has also been a research scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey (1963-1970) and curator of NASA’s lunar sample collection (1970-1977). Dr. Duke received the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award (1973) and the AIAA’s Space Science Medal (1998), and he was a Distinguished Federal Executive (1988). He served as a member of the NRC Panel on Solar System Exploration of the Committee on Priorities for Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion.
ANTHONY W. ENGLAND, University of Michigan, resigned from the committee on August 11, 2006, because of other commitments.
HARALD HIESINGER is a professor of geological planetology at Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster. He was formerly a senior research associate in geological sciences at Brown University and an assistant professor