aIn the population column, male alone or female alone denotes that at least 80% of the study population was male or female. If only one trauma type is listed, at least 80% of the study population reported that type of trauma.
bPTSD outcome measure change data were obtained either directly from the study, when
restructuring, coping skills training, other therapies, and psychotherapies administered in a group format—the committee found the evidence for all but one psychotherapeutic approach inadequate to reach a conclusion regarding efficacy. The evidence was sufficient to conclude the efficacy of exposure therapies in treating patients with PTSD.
APA (American Psychiatric Association). 2004. Practice guideline for the treatment of patientswith acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Washington, DC: APA.
Basoglu, M., M. Livanou, E. Salcioglu, and D. Kalender. 2003. A brief behavioural treatment of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in earthquake survivors: Results from an open clinical trial. Psychological Medicine 33(4):647-654.
Basoglu, M., E. Salcioglu, M. Livanou, D. Kalender, and G. Acar. 2005. Single-session behavioral treatment of earthquake-related posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized waiting list controlled trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress 18(1):1-11.
Basoglu, M., E. Salcioglu, and M. Livanou. 2007. A randomized controlled study of single-session behavioural treatment of earthquake-related post-traumatic stress disorder using an earthquake simulator. Psychological Medicine 37(2):203-213.