D
Acronyms and Abbreviations

AD Aerodynamic diameter

AEGL Acute exposure guideline level

AHU Air-handling unit

ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.

ASTM American Society for Testing and Methods

BPTK Building Protection Toolkit

BSL Biosafety level

BVAMP Building Vulnerability Assessment and Mitigation Program

CB-EMIS Chemical/biological emergency management information system

CCTV Closed-circuit television

CONOPS Concept of operations

COTS Commercial off-the-shelf

CP Collective protection

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DHHS Department of Health and Human Services

DHS Department of Homeland Security

DOD Department of Defense

DOJ Department of Justice

DOP Dioctyl phthalate

DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency



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OCR for page 128
Protecting Building Occupants and Operations from Biological and Chemical Airborne Threats: A Framework for Decision Making D Acronyms and Abbreviations AD Aerodynamic diameter AEGL Acute exposure guideline level AHU Air-handling unit ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. ASTM American Society for Testing and Methods BPTK Building Protection Toolkit BSL Biosafety level BVAMP Building Vulnerability Assessment and Mitigation Program CB-EMIS Chemical/biological emergency management information system CCTV Closed-circuit television CONOPS Concept of operations COTS Commercial off-the-shelf CP Collective protection DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DHS Department of Homeland Security DOD Department of Defense DOJ Department of Justice DOP Dioctyl phthalate DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency

OCR for page 128
Protecting Building Occupants and Operations from Biological and Chemical Airborne Threats: A Framework for Decision Making EO Executive order EPA Environmental Protection Agency FBE Fraction of building exposed FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FOE Fraction of occupants exposed FTIR Fourier transform infrared GAO Government Accountability Office GSA General Services Administration HEPA High-efficiency particulate air HVAC Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning IMS Ion mobility spectrometry ISC Interagency Security Committee IT Information technology JBPDS Joint Biological Point Detection System JOC Joint Operation Center LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LCAT Life-cycle Cost Analysis Tool LIDAR Light-detection and ranging LP Level of protection MERV Minimum efficiency reporting value MOS Metal oxide sensor NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NRC National Research Council OCC Olympic Coordination Center PCO Photocatalytic oxidation PCR Polymerase chain reaction PPE Personal protective equipment PROTECT Program for Response Options and Technological Enhancements TARA Threat assessment and risk analysis TIC Toxic industrial chemical

OCR for page 128
Protecting Building Occupants and Operations from Biological and Chemical Airborne Threats: A Framework for Decision Making TIM Toxic industrial material UFAD Underfloor air distribution UFC Unified Facilities Criteria UOPSC Utah Olympic Public Safety Command UV-LIF Ultraviolet laser-induced fluorescence UVGI Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation VFS Ventilation and filtration air-handling systems WMATA Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority