B
Acronyms

AAMI Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation

AATCC American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists

ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

ANSI American National Standards Institute

APF assigned protection factor

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials (now ASTM International)

BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFR Code of Federal Regulations

CPIP Certified Product Investigation Process

CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission

DHHS Department of Health and Human Services

DoL Department of Labor

FDA Food and Drug Administration

FMEA failure modes and effects analysis

HEPA high-efficiency particulate air (filter)

IDLH immediately dangerous to life or health

IOM Institute of Medicine

ISO International Organization for Standardization



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OCR for page 179
B Acronyms AAMI Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation AATCC American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ANSI American National Standards Institute APF assigned protection factor ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials (now ASTM International) BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFR Code of Federal Regulations CPIP Certified Product Investigation Process CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DoL Department of Labor FDA Food and Drug Administration FMEA failure modes and effects analysis HEPA high-efficiency particulate air (filter) IDLH immediately dangerous to life or health IOM Institute of Medicine ISO International Organization for Standardization 179

OCR for page 179
180 PREPARING FOR AN INFLUENZA PANDEMIC LTCF long-term care facility MAUDE Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience MUC maximum use concentration NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NPPTL National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory OR odds ratio OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration powered air-purifying respirator1 PAPR PMA pre-market approval PPE personal protective equipment RR relative risk RSV respiratory syncytial virus SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SCBA self-contained breathing apparatus SWPF simulated workplace protection factor TIL total inward leakage UL Underwriters Laboratories VPP Voluntary Protection Program WHO World Health Organization WPF workplace protection factor 1 In this report the term is used to refer to loose-fitting devices unless otherwise specified.