Table 4-2 Comparison of Needs Assessment Instruments (Wen and Gustafson, 2004)

Instrument Purpose and Administration Items and Domains Question Format Conceptual and Measurement Model
Patient General
CARES (Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System) Find how cancer affects psychosocial, physical and behaviors 93-132 items; 6 domains: physical, psychological, medical interaction, marital, sexual, miscellaneous Five-point scale plus “do you want help (yes/no)?” Competency-based model of coping
Patient completes
CARES-SF (Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System-Short Form) Shortens the CARES for use with clinical trials 38–57 items; 5 domains: physical, psychological, medical interaction, marital, sexual Five-point scale plus “do you want help (yes/no)?”
Patient completes
CPNS (Cancer Patient Need Survey) Measures the importance of needs and the degree to which their needs are met 51 items; 5 domains: coping, help, information, work, and cancer shock “Importance”: seven-point Likert scale; “how well met”: seven-point Likert scale
Patient completes
CPNQ (Cancer Patient Need Questionnaire) Assesses unmet needs of people with cancer 71 items; 5 domains: psychological needs, health info, ADLs, patient care/support, interpersonal communication Five-point scale: “what is your level of need for help?”
Patient completes


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