such as improved shared decision making by patients and their health care providers; improved coordination of care across multiple care providers; patients’ timely receipt of information on their health status, treatment options, or plan of care; and patients’ increased ability to manage their illness

  • Improved employment and work performance

  • Improved educational performance

  • Improved family functioning

The committee used four approaches to identify such interventions:

  • Review of previous IOM studies and other expert reports (listed above)

  • Gathering of the knowledge of effective interventions among committee members

  • Solicitation of recommended effective interventions from other expert organizations and individuals

  • A search of the peer-reviewed literature

The committee placed greatest value on identifying models that (1) are clearly defined with respect to their conceptual basis, purpose, and component activities; (2) have been successful in achieving their stated purpose as demonstrated by reliable and valid evidence; and (3) have characteristics that promote their uptake.

The strategy used by the committee to search the peer-reviewed literature is available from the IOM study director. Expert organizations contacted to help identify effective models/interventions included the following:

Academic Chronic Care Collaborative

Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine

Administration on Aging, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)

American Cancer Society

American College of Surgeons’ Commission on Cancer

American Psychiatric Association

American Psychological Association

American Psychosocial Oncology Society

American Society of Clinical Oncology

American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Association of Cancer Online Resources

Association of Community Cancer Centers

Association of Oncology Social Workers

Association of Pediatric Oncology Social Workers



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