|Bridging Disciplines in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences (IOM, 2000)||
Recommendation 1 Federal and private research sponsors should seek to identify areas that can be most effectively investigated with interdisciplinary approaches.
• Requiring commitments from university administration to qualify for funding for interdisciplinary efforts. These should include supportive promotion policies, allocation of appropriate overhead, and allocation of shared facilities.
• Facilitate interactions among investigators in different disciplines by funding shared and core facilities.
• Encouraging legislation to expand loan repayment programs to include investigators outside NIH who are engaged in funded interdisciplinary and translational research.
• Supporting peer review that facilitates interdisciplinary efforts.
• Continuing and expanding partnerships among funding agencies to provide the broadest base for interdisciplinary efforts.
• Indicating in funding announcements that training is an integral component on the interdisciplinary research project.
• Allocate appropriate credit for interdisciplinary efforts … including fair allocation of research overhead costs to the home departments of all investigators and a fair credit for faculty contributions.
• Review and revise appointment, promotion, and tenure policies to ensure that they do not impede interdisciplinary research and teaching.
• Facilitate interaction among investigators through support for shared facilities.
• Encourage development, maintenance, and evolution of interdisciplinary institutes, centers, and programs for appropriate problems.
|Improving Palliative Care for Cancer (IOM and NRC, 2001)||Recommendation 2 The NCI should add the requirement of research in palliative care and symptom control for recognition as a “comprehensive cancer center.”
The Health Care Financing Administration should fund demonstration projects for service delivery and reimbursement that integrate palliative care and potentially life-prolonging treatments throughout the course of disease.