Appendix D
Abbreviations and Acronyms

(A)ATSR Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (also AATSR)

ABI Advanced Baseline Imager

ACE aerosol-cloud-ecosystem (mission)

ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite

ADCS Altitude Determination and Control System

ADM Air Data Management

AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ALOS Advanced Land Observation Satellite

ALT altimeter

AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System

AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

AoA Analysis of Alternatives

APS Aerosol Polarimeter Sensor

ASAR Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar

ASCAT advanced scatterometers

ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons

ASTER Advanced Spacebone Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATLID Atmospheric Light Detection and Ranging Instrument

ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BIOMASS Biomass monitoring mission for carbon assessment (ESA)

CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations

CDR climate data record

CEOS Committee on Earth Observations Satellites

CERES Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System

CERES S’COOL Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System Students’ Clouds Observations On-Line

CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites



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Appendix D Abbreviations and Acronyms (A)ATSR Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (also AATSR) ABI Advanced Baseline Imager ACE aerosol-cloud-ecosystem (mission) ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite ADCS Altitude Determination and Control System ADM Air Data Management AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder ALOS Advanced Land Observation Satellite ALT altimeter AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit AoA Analysis of Alternatives APS Aerosol Polarimeter Sensor ASAR Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar ASCAT advanced scatterometers ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons ASTER Advanced Spacebone Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ATLID Atmospheric Light Detection and Ranging Instrument ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BIOMASS Biomass monitoring mission for carbon assessment (ESA) CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations CDR climate data record CEOS Committee on Earth Observations Satellites CERES Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System CERES S’COOL Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System Students’ Clouds Observations On-Line CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites 

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 OPTIONS TO ENSURE THE CLIMATE RECORD CHAMP Coral Health and Monitoring Project or Challenging Minisatellite Payload CLARREO Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory CMIS Conical Microwave Imager and Sounder CNES Centre National d’Etude Spatiales COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder CryoSat Cryosphere Satellite (mission) DESDynI Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice Mission DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOD Department of Defense DSCOVR Deep Space Climate Observatory EarthCARE ESA’s cloud and aerosol (mission) ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ECV essential climate variable EDR environmental data record ENVISAT Environmental Satellite EOS Earth Observing System ERB Earth’s radiation budget ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Sensor ESA European Space Agency ET-EGOS Expert Team on Evolution of the Global Observing System EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites Feng Yun Feng Yun Wind and Cloud (meteorological satellite) FPAR fraction of photosynthetically active radiation GACM Global Atmospheric Composition Mission GCOM Global Change Observation Mission GCOS Global Climate Observing System GEMS Global and regional Earth-system (Atmosphere) Monitoring GEO geosynchronous Earth orbit GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems GERB geostationary Earth radiation budget GFO Geosat (Geodetic Satellite) Follow-on GHRSST-PP Global High Resolution SST Pilot Project GIFTS Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System GLI Global Imager GLM Geostationary Lightning Mapper GMES Global Monitoring for Environmental Security GMI Giant Magneto-Impedance GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment GOS Global Observing System GOSAT Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite GPM Global Precipitation Measurement GPS/RO Global Positioning System/Radio Occultation

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 APPENDIX D GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GRAS Global Navigation Satellite System Receiver for Atmospheric Sounding HES Hyperspectral Environmental Suite HIRDLS High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder HIRS High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer ICESat Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite IEOS Integrated Earth Observation System IOCCG International Ocean Colour Coordination Group IORD Integrated Operational Requirements Document (NPOESS) IOS Integrated Observing System IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IR infrared IRS Indian Remote Sensing Satellite ISRO Indian Space Agency ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations ITSC Information Technology Support Center JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency LAI leaf area index LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission LEO low Earth orbit MAM mirror attenuated mosaic MERIS Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (ESA) Meteosat Meteorological satellite for European counterpart to GOES MetOp Meteorological Operational Satellite (European) METSAT Meteorological Satellite MIPAS Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding MIS Microwave Imager and Sounder MISR Multi-Angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer MLS microwave limb sounder MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-Radiometer MSG Meteosat Second Generation MSU microwave sounding unit NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service NESDIS/STAR National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service/Center for Satellite Applications and Research NIR near infrared NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NODC National Oceanic Data Center (NOAA) NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council

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 OPTIONS TO ENSURE THE CLIMATE RECORD NSTC National Science and Technology Council OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory OLS Operational Line Scanner OMI Ozone Monitoring Instrument OMPS Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite OPAG Open Programme Area Group OSIP Operational Satellite Improvement Program OSSE Observing System Simulation Experiment OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy OSTST Ocean Surface Topography Science Team P 3I preplanned product improvement PALSAR Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar PARASOL Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences coupled with Observations from a Lidar PATH Precipitation and All-Weather Temperature and Humidity POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite POLDER Polarization and Directionality of Earth’s Reflectances QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer RADARSAT Radar Satellite (Canada) SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAR synthetic aperture radar SARAL Satellite with Argos and AltiKa SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument SBUV/2 Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Spectral Radiometer, MOD 2 ScaRAB Scanner for the Radiation Budget SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography SCLP Snow and Cold Land Processes SeaWiFS Sea-Viewing Wide-Field Sensor SESS Space Environment Sensor Suite SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager SGLI Second Generation Global Imager SIM Spectral Irradiance Monitor SMAP Software Assurance Management Program SMMR Scanning Multichannel (or Multifrequency) Microwave Radiometer SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SPOT Satellite Satellite Probatoire de l’Observation de la Terre SSI spectral solar irradiance SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager SSMIS Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder SST sea surface temperature STAR Center for Satellite Applications and Research

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 APPENDIX D SuS Survivability Sensor SWOT Surface Water-Ocean Topography TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TIM Total Irradiance Monitor TMI TRMM [Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission] Microwave Imager TOMS Total Ozone Mapping (Spectrolab/System/Spectrometer) TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission TSI total solar irradiance TSIS Total Solar Irradiance Suite UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UV ultraviolet VAS VISSR Atmospheric Sounder VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite VIRI visible and infrared imager VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer WindSat a joint Integrated Program Office/DOD/NASA satellite-based polarimetric microwave radiometer WMO World Meteorological Organization XOVWM Extended Ocean Vector Winds Mission