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Appendix D Biographical Sketches for Speakers and Discussants, NRC Colloquium on the Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States Richard G. Allen is a professor of Water Resources Engineering at the University of Idaho. He has 30 years’ experience in irrigation water re- quirements, irrigation hydrology, and general water resources systems. His current research is focused on satellite-based remote sensing of evapotrans- piration from large areas. He has served on research and training missions to more than 20 countries. Mark M. Alley is the W. G. Wysor Professor of Agriculture at Virginia Tech. He has responsibilities for research, teaching, and extension in the areas of soil fertility and crop management. Mark teaches the senior course in soil fertility and management and the graduate soil-plant relationships course. Research and extension efforts focus on efficient use of fertilizers and other plant nutrient sources in agronomic and forage crops. He is a fellow of the American Society of Agronomy and the Soil Science Society of America, and is incoming president-elect of the American Society of Agronomy. Craig A. Cox has devoted his working life to natural resource conservation beginning in 1977 when he joined the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources as a field biologist. Since that time he has served as senior staff officer with the Board on Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences; professional staff member of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutri- tion and Forestry; special assistant to the Chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Natural Resource Conservation Service; and briefly as acting deputy undersecretary for Natural Resources and Environment at USDA. He is currently executive director of the Soil and Water Conservation 73
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74 Appendix D Society—a professional society dedicated to promoting the art and science of natural resource conservation. Richard M. Cruse is a professor of Agronomy at Iowa State University and director of the Iowa Water Center, focusing research activities on managing soil and water resources. He received his B.S. from Iowa State University and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He currently serves on the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technol- ogy in the Energy Work Group. He is a fellow of the Soil Science Society of America and the American Society of Agronomy. Noel R. Gollehon is an agricultural economist with the Economic Research Service, USDA. His research has examined water quantity and quality issues in agriculture, including national/regional irrigation water use and confined livestock waste. He has led award-winning research teams and is frequently called on as a water-use expert for USDA and other government agencies. With a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Nebraska, he has been with the Economic Research Service for 20 years in various re- search and administrative positions. His training for this presentation began years ago moving sprinkler pipe on the farm in Eastern New Mexico. Wendy D. Graham is the Carl S. Swisher Eminent Scholar in Water Re- sources in the Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering at the University of Florida and director of the University of Florida Water Institute. She graduated from the University of Florida with a B.S. in environmental engineering. Her Ph.D. is in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology. She conducts research in the areas of coupled hydro- logic-water quality-ecosystem modeling; water resources evaluation and remediation; evaluation of impacts of agricultural production on surface and groundwater quality; and stochastic modeling and data assimilation. Mark T. Holtzapple is a professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, where he has been teaching for 21 years. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. His research interests are very broad and include the following: biomass conversion, seawater desalination, engines, air conditioning, jet ejectors, waste processing, and feed production. Stephen R. Kaffka is director of the Long Term Research on Agricultural Sys- tems Project, part of the Agricultural Sustainability Institute at the University of California-Davis. As director he leads the development of current and
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Appendix D 75 new projects focusing on sustainable agriculture at the University’s Russell Ranch site. Additionally, he works on sugar and oilseed crops and on the reuse of saline drainage water for crop, forage, and livestock production in salt-affected areas of the San Joaquin Valley. He is co-chair of the new University of California work group on bioenergy feedstock production, and a member of the UC-Davis Bioenergy Research Group and the California Biomass Collaborative. Dennis R. Keeney is emeritus professor of Agronomy and former director of the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Iowa State University. He is currently senior fellow, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy in Min- neapolis, MN, and the Department of Soil, Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. He is also active with the Iowa Environmental Council and the Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins University, Thomas Jef- ferson Agriculture Institute, and Food and Water Watch. Fran V. Kremer is a senior science advisor for the Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Dr. Kremer has conducted research on underground storage systems with regards to the fate and transport of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in groundwater and the development and evaluation of passive and active low-cost biological treatment systems. She is also initiating research on the fate and transport of ethanol in groundwater and the impact of ethanol upon the hydrocarbon fraction in a gasoline spill, as well as developing biotreatment approaches for remediation of petroleum and non-petroleum oil spills in estuarine and fresh water environments. Elizabeth Marshall is a senior economist/associate at the World Resources Institute. Her expertise is in agriculture and food; climate change, energy, and transportation; and people and ecosystems. Her work includes the assessment of the impact of biofuel production on the environment and agricultural structure, and how policy influences feedstock production, technology change, and the environment. Richard G. Nelson is director and department head, Engineering Extension Programs, Kansas State University. He has over 13 years’ experience in biomass research, performing a number of biomass resource assessments at a county, regional, state, and national basis for agricultural crop resi- dues and herbaceous energy crops. His research focuses on environmental
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76 Appendix D and sustainability aspects of biomass resource production and collection including impacts of residue removal on soil erosion and on water quality at a watershed level. Dr. Nelson received his Ph.D. in engineering from Oklahoma State University. Daniel G. de La Torre Ugarte is associate director of the University of Tennessee’s Agricultural Policy Analysis Center, conducting integrated eco- nomic, environmental, and policy analysis. His analysis was used by Con- gress to establish the pilot program for production and use of biomass on Conservation Reserve Program acres and he has provided expert advice to the USDA chief economist, the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Power Technologies, the Senate Agricultural Committee, and numerous public and private initiatives regarding the economic impacts of energy crop produc- tion on the agricultural sector. Dr. Ugarte received his Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Oklahoma State University. Wallace E. Tyner is a professor of agricultural economics at Purdue Uni- versity. His research interests are in the area of energy, agricultural, and natural resource policy analysis and structural and sectoral adjustment in developing economies. His work in energy economics has encompassed oil, natural gas, coal, oil shale, biomass, ethanol from agricultural sources, and solar energy. His recent energy work has focused on renewable energy policy issues. Most of his recent international work has focused on agricul- tural trade and policy issues in developing economies, particularly in the Middle East, North Africa, and West Africa. Janice R. Ward is a senior hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Office of Water Quality. She has worked on national water quality issues over the past 12 years, including special emphasis on the environ- mental effects of agriculture on water resources and national water qual- ity programs and policies of the USGS. She currently serves on a number of interagency groups: USDA’s Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) Steering Committee, Outreach Team for the National Learning Cen- ter for Animal Agricultural Water Quality Issues, Coordinating Committee for the Mississippi River Basin and Gulf of Mexico Watershed Nutrient Task Force, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Agricultural Issues Forum.