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Additional Reading Amiti, M., and S.-J. Wei. 2004. Fear of Service Out­sourcing: Is it Justified? Criscuolo, C., J.E. Haskel, and M.J. Slaughter. 2005. Global Engagement International Monetary Fund Research ­ Paper WP/04/186. October. and the Innovation Activities of Firms. NBER Working Paper 11479. Washington, D.C.: IMF. Available online at www.imf.org/external/pubs/ June. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research. Avail- ft/wp/2004/wp04186.pdf. able online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/w11479.pdf. This literature review takes a positive view of offshoring. Firms that export and MNCs are better innovators. Antràs, P., L. Garicano, and E. Rossi-Hansberg. 2005. Offshoring in a Dedrick, J., and K.L. Kraemer. 2005. Is Production “Pulling” Knowledge Knowledge Economy. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Work to China? A Study of the Global Computer Industry. Personal Paper 11094. January. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Available online at Computer Industry Center Working Paper. University of California, http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11094.pdf. Irvine. Available online at http://www.pcic.merage.uci.edu/pubs/2005/ Uses a two-country model of offshoring to explain impacts on wages, isProductionPulling.pdf. consumption, and trade. Dutta, A., and R. Roy. 2005. Offshore Outsourcing: Counteracting Forces Arora, A., and A. Gambardella. 2004. Globalization of the Software and Their Dynamic Effects. Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii Interna- I ­ ndustry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Develop- tional Conference on Systems Sciences. New York: Institute of Elec- ing Countries. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper trical and Electronics Engineers. Available online at http://ieeexplore. 10538. June. Cambridge, Mass: NBER. Available online at http://­ ieee.org/iel5/9518/30166/01385770.pdf?tp=&arnumber=1385770& papers.nber.org/papers/w10538.pdf. isnumber=30166. Concludes that offshoring is unlikely to pose a threat to long-term U.S. Models outsourcing in a two-country context. leadership in S&T. Economist Intelligence Unit. 2004. Scattering the seeds of invention: the Bardhan, A.D., and D.M. Jaffee. 2005. R&D, Innovation, and Offshoring. globalisation of research and development. White paper sponsored by Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of Scottish Development International. September. Available online at http://­ California at Berkeley Research Report 1005. Available online at http:// graphics.eiu.com/files/ad_pdfs/RnD_GLOBILISATION_WHITEPAPER. repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1035&context=iber/ pdf. fcreue. Overview of the globalization of R&D. Uses a firm survey to explore offshoring in the context of the historical Florida, R. 2005. The world is spikey. Atlantic Monthly (October): 48–51. development of industrial R&D. Available online at http://www.creativeclass.org/acrobat/TheWorldIsSpiky. BusinessWeek Online Feature on Commerce Department Offshoring Study. pdf. October 2005. Describes a Commerce Department study where the Frames globalization of innovation in terms of “have” and “have-not” original staff version critical of offshoring was revised by political regions. a ­ ppointees to portray offshoring as an unalloyed good. Available online Florman, S. 2005. My Profession and the Nation: A Worrisome Confronta- at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_42/c3955025. tion. The Bent of Tau Beta Pi. Summer. Available online at http://www. htm#ZZZ24WZQGEE. tbp.org/pages/publications/BENTFeatures/FlormanSu05.pdf. Collins, S.M., and L. Brainard, eds. 2006. Offshoring White-Collar Global Insight Inc. 2004. Executive Summary: The Comprehensive Impact Work—The Issues and the Implications: Brookings Trade Forum 2005. of Offshore IT Software and Services Outsourcing on the U.S. Economy Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. Available online at http://www. and the IT Industry. Arlington, Va.: Information Technology Association brookings.edu/press/books/brookingstradeforum2005.htm. of America. Available online at www.itaa.org/itserv/docs/execsumm. The 2005 conference and forthcoming conference volume focus on pdf. offshoring. Committee member Lori Kletzer has a paper in this volume This industry association-commissioned consultant’s report says that the that is listed separately under coauthor J. Bradford Jensen. benefits outweigh the costs. 42

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ADDITIONAL READING 43 Gupta, A.K., and D.E. Westney, eds. 2003. Smart Globalization: Designing Mataloni, R.J. Jr. 2005. U.S. Multinational Companies: Operations in 2003. Global Strategies, Creating Global Networks. Hoboken, N.J.: Jossey-Bass. Survey of Current Business. Available online at http://www.bea.gov/bea/ Available online at http://www.amazon.com/gp/­product/0787965324/ ARTICLES/2005/07July/0705_MNCs.pdf. qid=1133984042/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/002-9456996-1835242?s=books& Mitra, D., and P. Ranjan. 2005. Y2K and Offshoring: The Role of External v=glance&n=283155. Economies and Firm Heterogeneity. NBER Working Paper 11718. A compendium of recent global business strategy articles. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Lynn, L., and H. Salzman. 2005. The “New” Globalization of Engineering: Uses economic modeling to explain how Y2K served as a catalyst How the Offshoring of Advanced Engineering Affects Competitiveness for IT offshoring. Available online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/ and Development. Paper presented at the 21st European Group for w11718.pdf. Organi­zational Studies Colloquium. June. Available online at http:// OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2005. www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411226_new_globalization.pdf. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scorecard 2005: Towards a Discussion of engineering offshoring in the context of business innova- Knowledge-Based Economy. Paris: OECD. Available online at http:// tion and corporate strategy literature. hermia.sourceoecd.org/vl=2279336/cl=27/nw=1/rpsv/scoreboard/. Markusen, J. 2005. Modeling the Offshoring of White-Collar Services: Special focus on globalization of R&D. From Comparative Advantage to the New Theories of Trade and FDI. Parker, G.G., and E.G. Anderson Jr. 2002. From Buyer to Integrator: NBER Working Paper 11827. Cambridge, Mass.: NBER. Available The Transformation of the Supply-Chain Manager in the Verti- online at http://nber15.nber.org/papers/w11827.pdf. cally Disintegrating Firm. Production and Operations Manage- Draws on a number of modeling approaches to analyze offshoring. ment 11(1): 75–91. Available online at http://ggparker.net/papers/ SCIntegratorPOMpages.pdf.

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