Table D-1 National Data Sources Related to Crime Victimization in the United States

Data Characteristics

NCVS

UCR

Summary

NIBRS

Target population

Noninstitutionalized persons age 12 and older in the United States

Crime incidents occurring in the United States

Crime incidents occurring in the United States

Unit of observation

Individual

Law enforcement agency

Crime incident

Estimated coverage

Nationally representative sample

94.2 percent of United States population covered by agencies active in UCR reporting

Approximately 25 percent of United States population covered by agencies reporting in NIBRS format

Types of victimization covered

 

 

 

Criminal Homicide

No

Yes

Yes

Other Index Crimes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Geographic areas identified

 

 

 

Region

Yes

Yes

Yes

State

Yes

Yes

Yes

County

Yes

Yes

Yes

Census Tract

Yes

No

No

Demographic coverage

 

 

 

Age

Yes

No

No

Race

Yes

No

Yes

Sex

Res

No

Yes

Ethnicity

Res

No

Yes

Vulnerable groups

 

 

 

Children

12 & older

No

Yes

Immigrants (native born)

No

No

No

Disabled (learning disability only)

No

No

No

Elderly

Yes

No

No

Timeliness of data availability

 

 

 

Time between reference period and data availability

 

 

 

Pre-announced schedule

Yes

Yes

Yes

Fixed schedule

Yes

Yes

Yes

Accuracy and quality

 

 

 

Sampling error

Routinely estimated

Unmeasured

Unmeasured

Other errors (nonsampling)

No ongoing evaluation

Unknown

Unknown



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