maries of the study’s key findings (Chapter 2) and of the technology assessments (Chapter 3) of Part 2.

Part 2 contains six chapters (Chapters 49), which document the committee’s detailed assessments of energy-supply and end-use technologies. The topics addressed in these chapters are, specifically,

  • Energy efficiency in transportation, industry, and residential and commercial buildings (Chapter 4)

  • Production and use of alternative transportation fuels, in particular biofuels as well as fuels derived from converting coal, or mixtures of coal and biomass, into liquids (Chapter 5)

  • Production of renewable energy such as wind, solar, and geothermal energy, as well as hydropower and biopower (Chapter 6)

  • Domestic fossil-fuel energy, particularly as coupled with technologies that would capture and safely store CO2 (Chapter 7)

  • Production of electricity from nuclear energy (Chapter 8)

  • Electricity transmission and distribution systems that reliably accommodate intermittent energy supplies such as solar and wind and sophisticated demand-side energy efficiency technologies (Chapter 9).


EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2008a. Annual Energy Review 2007. DOE/EIA-0384(2007); Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.

EIA. 2008b. Annual Energy Outlook 2008. DOE/EIA-0383(2008). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Geneva: IPCC.

Simmons, M.R. 2005. Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Wood, J.H., G.R. Long, and D.F. Morehouse. 2004. Long-Term World Oil Supply Scenarios: The Future Is Neither as Bleak nor as Rosy as Some Assert. Energy Information Administration. Available at

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