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Appendix B Abbreviations and Acronyms AB abstinence and faithfulness ABC abstinence–faithfulness–condom use AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ANC antenatal clinic ART antiretroviral therapy ARV antiretroviral AZT azidothymidine BED branched gp41 peptide (a test for HIV-1 incidence) BUCEN U.S. Bureau of the Census CARE Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, Inc. CD4 cluster of differentiation 4 CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CHAT Country Harmonization and Alignment Tool CLPIR community-level program information reporting systems DFID UK Department for International Development DHS+ Demographic and Health Surveys-Plus FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FHI Family Health International 119
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120 EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF PEPFAR GEM Gender Equitable Men’s HIV human immunodeficiency virus IOM Institute of Medicine M&E monitoring and evaluation MTCT mother-to-child transmission of HIV NGO nongovernmental organization OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OGAC Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator OVC orphans and vulnerable children PAL Programa del Apoyo Alimentario PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief PHE public health evaluation PLHAs persons living with HIV/AIDS PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV SAVVY sample vital registration with verbal autopsy SWEF System-Wide Effects of Global Fund TB tuberculosis TE targeted evaluation The Global Fund The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS USAID U.S. Agency for International Development VCT voluntary counseling and testing WHO World Health Organization