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Appendix A Biographic Information on the Committee on Evaluating the Efficiency of Research and Development Programs at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gilbert S. Omenn (Chair) is professor of internal medicine, human genetics, and public health and director of the university-wide Center for Computational Medicine and Biology at the University of Michigan. He served as executive vice president for medical affairs and as chief executive officer of the University of Michigan Health System from 1997 to 2002. He was dean of the School of Public Health and professor of medicine and environmental health at the Uni- versity of Washington at Seattle from 1982 to 1997. His research interests in- clude cancer proteomics, chemoprevention of cancer, public-health genetics, science-based risk analysis, and health policy. He was principal investigator of the Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET) of preventive agents against lung cancer and heart disease, director of the Center for Health Promotion in Older Adults, and creator of the university-wide initiative Public Health Genet- ics in Ethical, Legal, and Policy Context at the University of Washington and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. He served as associate director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and associate director of the Office of Management and Budget in the Executive Office of the President in the Carter administration. He is a long-time director of Amgen Inc. and of Rohm & Haas Company. He is a member of the Council and leader of the Plasma Pro- teome Project of the international Human Proteome Organization (HUPO). He was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science dur- ing 2005-2006. Dr. Omenn is the author of 430 research papers and scientific reviews and author or editor of 18 books. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Association of American Physicians, and the American College of Physicians. He chaired the 69

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70 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Manage- ment (the “Omenn Commission”), served on the National Commission on the Environment, and chaired the National Academies Committee on Science, En- gineering, and Public Policy and the National Research Council Board on Envi- ronmental Studies and Toxicology. George V. Alexeeff is deputy director for scientific affairs in the Office of Envi- ronmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) of the California Environ- mental Protection Agency. He oversees a staff of over 80 scientists in multidis- ciplinary evaluations of the health impacts of pollutants and toxicants in air, water, soil, and other media. The office’s activities include reviewing epidemi- ologic and toxicologic data to identify hazards and derive risk-based assess- ments, developing guidelines to identify chemicals hazardous to the public, rec- ommending air-quality standards, identifying toxic air contaminants, developing public-health goals for water contaminants, preparing evaluations for carcino- gens and reproductive toxins, issuing sport-fishing advisories, training health personnel on pesticide-poisoning recognition, reviewing hazardous-waste site risk assessments, and conducting multimedia risk assessments. He was chief of the Air Toxicology and Epidemiology Section of OEHHA from 1990 to 1998. Dr. Alexeeff has over 50 publications in toxicology and risk assessment. He recently served on the National Research Council Committee to Review the OMB Risk Assessment Bulletin. Dr. Alexeeff earned his PhD in pharmacology and toxicology from the University of California, Davis. Radford Byerly Jr. is a research scientist at the Center for Science and Tech- nology Policy Research, University of Colorado. He formerly worked at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (then the National Bureau of Standards) in environmental measurement and fire research, served as chief of staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technol- ogy, and was director of the University of Colorado’s Center for Space and Geo- sciences Policy. He served as a member of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Science and Space Station Advisory Committees and served on National Science Foundation site-visit committees and review panels. Dr Byerly is a member of the National Research Council Space Studies Board and served on the Committee on the Scientific Context for Space Exploration (2004-2005), the Committee on Principles and Operational Strategies for Staged Repository Systems (2001-2003), the Committee on Building a Long-Term En- vironmental Quality Research and Development Program in the U.S. Depart- ment of Energy (2000-2001), and the Board on Assessment of National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs (1995-2000). Edwin H. Clark II is a Senior Fellow at the Earth Policy Institute in Washing- ton, DC. He is a former president of Clean Sites Inc. in Alexandria, VA, and former secretary of natural resources and environmental control for the state of Delaware. He was vice president of the Conservation Foundation and associate

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Appendix A 71 assistant administrator for pesticides and toxic substances in the U.S. Environ- mental Protection Agency (EPA). He has served as a member of the National Research Council Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and on sev- eral committees, including the Committee to Evaluate the Science, Engineering, and Health Basis of the DOE’s Environmental Management Program; the Com- mittee on Risk-Based Criteria for Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste; the Committee to Review EPA’s Research Grants Program; the Committee on Superfund Site Assessment and Remediation in the Coeur D’Alene River Basin; and the Com- mittee to Review the Worker and Public Health Activities Program Adminis- tered by the Department of Energy and the Department of Health and Human Services. He holds a PhD in applied economics from Princeton University. Susan E. Cozzens is a professor in the School of Public Policy at Georgia Insti- tute of Technology. Until recently, she was chair of the School of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology; she left that position in 2003 to focus on her research activities. From 1995 through 1997, Dr. Cozzens was director of the Office of Policy Support at the National Science Foundation. She has served as a consultant to the National Academies Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the National Science Foundation, the Institute of Medicine, the Office of Technology As- sessment, the General Accounting Office, the National Cancer Institute, the Na- tional Institute on Aging, the National Institutes of Health, and the National In- stitute for Occupational Safety and Health and on advisory committees for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (Liberal Educa- tion and the Sciences and EPSCOR Evaluation), the National Academy of Sci- ences (NSF Decision-Making for Major Awards), and the Office of Technology Assessment (Human Genome Project). She has been an invited speaker on sci- ence policy and research evaluation at the Ministry for Research and Technol- ogy in France, the Research Council of Norway, the Institute for Policy and Management in Beijing, and the Fundamental Science Foundation of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and is incoming chair of the AAAS Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. Her PhD is in sociology from Columbia University (1985) and her bachelor’s degree from Michigan State University (1972). She is a re- cipient of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Early Career Award, a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi, and a Fellow of AAAS. Linda J. Fisher is vice president and chief sustainability officer for DuPont. She has responsibility for advancing DuPont’s progress in achieving sustainable growth, DuPont environmental and health programs, the company’s product- stewardship programs, and global regulatory affairs. She joined DuPont in 2004. Before joining DuPont, Ms. Fisher served in a number of key leadership posi- tions in government and industry, including deputy administrator of the Envi- ronmental Protection Agency (EPA); EPA assistant administrator, Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances; EPA assistant administrator, Of- fice of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation; and chief of staff to the EPA adminis-

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72 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA trator. Ms. Fisher, an attorney, was also vice president of government affairs for Monsanto and counsel with the Washington, DC, law firm Latham and Watkins. She is a member of the DuPont Health Advisory Board and the DuPont Bio- technology Advisory Panel and serves as liaison to the Environmental Policy Committee of the DuPont Board of Directors. Ms. Fisher serves on the Board of Directors of the Environmental Law Institute and on the Board of Trustees of the National Parks Foundation. She received a JD from Ohio State University and an MBA from George Washington University. J. Paul Gilman is director of the Oak Ridge Center for Advanced Studies, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Previously, he served as assistant administrator for research and development at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He also worked at the Office of Management and Budget, where he had oversight re- sponsibilities for the Department of Energy (DOE) and all other science agen- cies, and at DOE, where he advised the secretary of energy on scientific and technical matters. From 1993 to 1998, Dr. Gilman was the executive director of the Commission on Life Sciences of the National Research Council. He is a member of the National Research Council Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Gilman earned PhDs in ecology and evolutionary biology from Johns Hopkins University. T.J. Glauthier is head of TJG Energy Associates, where he provides consulting and executive advisory services to clients in the energy sector, including ven- ture-capital companies, private-equity investors, alternative-energy companies, electric utilities, and global energy companies. He serves on the Board of Direc- tors of Union Drilling, Inc., EnerNOC, Inc., and EPV Solar, Inc. He is an advi- sor to Foundation Capital LLC, a venture capital firm in Silicon Valley. He also advises the partners and clients in Booz Allen Hamilton’s global energy sector management consulting practice. His pro bono activities include serving as an adviser to Stanford University’s Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency and on the Board of Directors of the San Mateo County Resource Conservation District. From 2001 to 2004, Mr. Glauthier was president and CEO of the Electricity In- novation Institute, an affiliate of EPRI. He was the deputy secretary and COO of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) from 1999 to 2001. For 5 years before going to DOE, he served in the White House as associate director for natural resources, energy, and science in the Office of Management and Budget. Earlier, Mr. Glauthier was a vice president of Temple, Barker & Sloane, a management consulting firm. Immediately before joining the Clinton administration, he spent 3 years as director of energy and climate change at the World Wildlife Fund, focusing on technology transfer, the climate-change treaty, and the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Mr. Glauthier is a graduate of Claremont McKenna College and the Harvard Business School. Carol J. Henry is an independent consultant, having retired as vice president of industry performance programs at the American Chemistry Council (ACC). She

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Appendix A 73 has served as vice president for science and research at ACC, managing and guiding the Long-Range Research Initiative. Previously, Dr. Henry served as director of the Health and Environmental Sciences Department of the American Petroleum Institute, as associate deputy assistant secretary for science and risk policy at the U.S. Department of Energy, as director of the Office of Environ- mental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) at the California Environmental Protection Agency, and as executive director of the International Life Sciences Institute’s Risk Science Institute. A diplomate of the American Board of Toxi- cology, Dr. Henry is a member of the American College of Toxicology, of which she has been president; the Society of Toxicology; and the American Chemical Society, where she was elected to the Board of Managers of the Chemical Society of Washington. Dr. Henry was a member of the National Re- search Council Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and most re- cently a member of its Committee on Human Biomonitoring of Environmental Chemicals. She serves on the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine of the Institute of Medicine; on the Environmental Health Perspectives Editorial Review Board; and as cochair of the Science Ad- visory Board for the Harvard School of Public Health-Cyprus International Ini- tiative for the Environment and Public Health. Dr. Henry received her PhD in microbiology from the University of Pittsburgh. Robert J. Huggett is a consultant and professor emeritus of marine science at the College of William and Mary. From 1997 to 2004, he served as professor of zoology and vice president for research and graduate studies at Michigan State University. Dr. Huggett’s aquatic-biogeochemistry research involved the fate and effects of hazardous substances in aquatic systems. From 1994 to 1997, he was the assistant administrator for research and development for the U.S. Envi- ronmental Protection Agency, where his responsibilities included planning and directing the agency’s research program. He has served on the National Re- search Council Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Huggett earned his PhD at the College of William and Mary. Sally Katzen is visiting professor of law at George Mason University School of Law. She has taught administrative law and information-technology policy at the University of Michigan Law School, administrative law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and the Georgetown Law Center, and American gov- ernment at Smith College, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Michigan (Washington Program). Before her teaching positions, she served as the administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Of- fice of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1993-1998, as the deputy director of the National Economic Council in the White House in 1998-1999, and as the deputy director for management in OMB in 1999-2001. Before her government service, she was a partner in the Washington, DC, law firm of Wilmer, Cutler, and Pickering, specializing in administrative law and legislative matters. Ms. Katzen recently served on the National Research Council Committee to Review

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74 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA the OMB Risk Assessment Bulletin. She earned her JD from the University of Michigan Law School. Terry F. Young is an independent consultant, working primarily on behalf of nonprofit environmental organizations. Her recent work includes the develop- ment of a system that uses economic incentives, including input pricing and tradable discharge permits, to control farm pollution in California’s San Joaquin Valley. Additional work includes development of ecologic indicators to track management and restoration of ecologic systems. Dr. Young has published on economic incentives for environmental protection, indicators of ecologic integ- rity, and market solutions for water pollution. She recently was appointed by Governor Schwarzenegger to the California Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Region. Dr. Young is a member of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory Board and served as a member of the National Research Council committee to review EPA’s research-grants pro- gram. Dr. Young received her PhD in agricultural and environmental chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.