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Appendix C Experience of Russian Companies in Transportation of Nuclear Materials Valentin B. Iano Institute of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences Russian companies offer a broad range of services in the area of transporta- tion of nuclear materials (fissile materials, fresh fuel, or spent fuel for various reactors). The services include the following: • preparation of necessary licensing documentation for transportation of the spent nuclear fuel from power and research reactors in Russia and abroad • preparation of nuclear material for transportation; development and manufacturing of unique equipment and transportation of fuel from nuclear power plants in Russia and abroad for research, storage, or reprocessing • analysis of technical parameters of containers produced in Russia and overseas to develop optimal variants for transportation that guarantee high-level security, including protection from fuel failure Recent experience of Russian companies is set forth in Tables 1, 2, and 3. 

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 TAbLE 1 Detailed Information on Fresh Fuel Transportation for Research Reactors (High Level of Enrichment) Weight of Weight Date of ate Load Uranium of U-235 Number Supplier Recipient Delivery elivery Weight (g) Isotopes (g) Isotopes (g) of Units Comments Vinca Institute RIAR,a Russia August 2002 817,452.00 ,452.00 452.00 .00 00 48,441.60 ,441.60 441.60 .60 60 38,854.20 ,854.20 854.20 .20 20 5,046 ,046 046 TVR-S fuel assembly for Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia Institute Russia, October 2003 189,842.10 ,842.10 842.10 .10 10 0 14,166.58 ,166.58 166.58 .58 58 9,703.04 ,703.04 703.04 .04 04 200 50 IRT-2M fuel for Nuclear Chemical assemblies (36%); 150 Research, Concentrates S-36V fuel units (36%) Pitesti, Plant, Romania Novosibirsk Institute RIAR, Russia December 2003 9,896.00 16,913.09 6,110.80 28 28 IRT-2M fuel for Nuclear assemblies (36%) Research and Nuclear Energy, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Nuclear RIAR, Russia March 2004 4 261,665.00 ,665.00 665.00 .00 00 16,465.29 ,465.29 465.29 .29 29 13,209.30 ,209.30 209.30 .30 30 88 88 IRT-2M fuel Research assemblies (36%) Center Tajura, Tripoli, Libya Institute RIAR, Russia September 2004 45,609.10 ,609.10 609.10 .10 10 10,170.51 ,170.51 170.51 .51 51 1,752.64 ,752.64 752.64 .64 64 23 1 S-90 fuel assembly of Nuclear (90%); 4 S-36 fuel Physics of the assemblies (36%); 6 Uzbekistan EK-10 fuel assemblies Academy (10%); 3 S-90 fuel of Sciences, units (90%); 4 S-36 Tashkent, fuel units (36%), 5 EK- Uzbekistan 10 fuel units (10%) Nuclear RIAR, Russia December 2004 23,910.00 ,910.00 910.00 .00 00 3,721.71 ,721.71 721.71 .71 71 1,438.00 ,438.00 438.00 .00 00 7 3 fuel assemblies with Research 3 units (36%); 3 fuel Institute Rez, assemblies with 4 units Czech Republic (36%); 1 fuel assembly with 4 units (80%) 2,528.20 ,528.20 528.20 .20 20 2,193.59 ,193.59 193.59 .59 59 1,925.54 ,925.54 925.54 .54 54 — .7% 7% % UO2 powder (87.7% enrichment)) Total 1,439,971.40 ,439,971.40 439,971.40 ,971.40 971.40 .40 40 112,072.37 ,072.37 072.37 .37 37 72,993.52 ,993.52 993.52 .52 52 5,392 ,392 392 aResearch Institute for Atomic Reactors. 5

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6 TAbLE 2 Detailed Information on Completed Transportation of Spent Fuel for Various Reactors Fuel Assembly Type Date of Supplier and ID Number Transport Cask Delivery Carrier Comments Beloyarsk NPP (Zarechny, BN-600,a -600, TUK-11BN 2005 Mayak Sverdlovsk region, Russia) 505.020.01.02.99, 505.020.02.05.02 Balakovo NPP (Balakovo, VVER-1000,b -1000, TUK-13/1V 2004 Mining and Chemical Saratov region, Russia) SDR9610U Complex Kola NPP (Polarnye Zori, VVER-440, TUK-6 2003 Mayak Delivery with two Murmansk region, Russia) 144-46879, different railroad cars 136-42198 Kalinin NPP (Udomlya, Tver VVER-1000, TUK-13/1V 2003 Mining and Chemical region, Russia) SVV0011, VB0017 V0011, 0011, 0017 Complex Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Fuel swarf TK-45 2003 RIAR Transport by truck Petersburg, Russia) VVER-1000 Zaporizhzhe NPP (Energodar, VVER-1000 TUK-13/1V Mining and Chemical Ukraine) Complex aFast neutron reactor (BN). b Water-moderated water-cooled power reactors (VVER).

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TAbLE 3 Detailed Information on Planned Transportation of Spent Fuel for Various Reactors Fuel Assembly Type and ID Supplier Number Transport Cask Date of Delivery Carrier Comments Leningrad NPP (Sosnovy Bor, RBMK-1000,a -1000, TUK-11R1 2005 Mayak Leningrad region, Russia) 1-24-20567-89 4-26-54361-96 4-24-55609-96 11-26-76676-01 10-26-70360-00 Ignalina NPP, Lithuania , RBMK-1500, -1500, TUK-11R1 2005 Mayak 6 26 50 78255 02, 5 24 58867 97 ?, 6 24 52086 95 ?, 6 24 51904 95 ?, Kalinin NPP (Udomlya, Tver VVER-1000 TUK-13/1V 2006 Mining and Chemical region, Russia) SV0007 Complex a High-power channel reactor (RBMK). 7

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