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Appendix C Experience of Russian Companies in Transportation of Nuclear Materials Valentin B. Ivanov Institute of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences Russian companies offer a broad range of services in the area of transporta- tion of nuclear materials (fissile materials, fresh fuel, or spent fuel for various reactors). The services include the following: • preparation of necessary licensing documentation for transportation of the spent nuclear fuel from power and research reactors in Russia and abroad • preparation of nuclear material for transportation; development and manufacturing of unique equipment and transportation of fuel from nuclear power plants in Russia and abroad for research, storage, or reprocessing • analysis of technical parameters of containers produced in Russia and overseas to develop optimal variants for transportation that guarantee high-level security, including protection from fuel failure Recent experience of Russian companies is set forth in Tables 1, 2, and 3. 113

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114 TABLE 1  Detailed Information on Fresh Fuel Transportation for Research Reactors (High Level of Enrichment) Weight of Weight D������� ate of Load Uranium of U-235 Number Supplier Recipient D������� elivery Weight (g) Isotopes (g) Isotopes (g) of Units Comments Vinca Institute RIAR,a Russia August ���� 2002 817������� ,������ 452��� .�� 00 48������� ,������ 441��� .�� 60 38������� ,������ 854��� .�� 20 5���� ,��� 046 TVR-S fuel assembly for Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia Institute Russia, October 2003 ���� 189������� ,������ 842��� .�� 1� 0 14������� ,������ 166��� .�� 58 9������� ,������ 703��� .�� 04 200 50 IRT-2M fuel for Nuclear Chemical assemblies (36%); 150 Research, Concentrates S-36V fuel units (36%) Pitesti, Plant, Romania Novosibirsk Institute RIAR, Russia December ���� 2003 9,896.00 16,913.09 6,110.80 28 28 IRT-2M fuel for Nuclear assemblies (36%) Research and Nuclear Energy, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Nuclear RIAR, Russia March 200� 4 261������� ,������ 665��� .�� 00 16������� ,������ 465��� .�� 29 13������� ,������ 209��� .�� 30 88 88 IRT-2M fuel Research assemblies (36%) Center Tajura, Tripoli, Libya Institute RIAR, Russia September 2004 ���� 45������� ,������ 609��� .�� 10 10������� ,������ 170��� .�� 51 1������� ,������ 752��� .�� 64 23 1 S-90 fuel assembly of Nuclear (90%); 4 S-36 fuel Physics of the assemblies (36%); 6 Uzbekistan EK-10 fuel assemblies Academy (10%); 3 S-90 fuel of Sciences, units (90%); 4 S-36 Tashkent, fuel units (36%), 5 EK- Uzbekistan 10 fuel units (10%) Nuclear RIAR, Russia December ���� 2004 23������� ,������ 910��� .�� 00 3������� ,������ 721��� .�� 71 1������� ,������ 438��� .�� 00 7 3 fuel assemblies with Research 3 units (36%); 3 fuel Institute Rez, assemblies with 4 units Czech Republic (36%); 1 fuel assembly with 4 units (80%) 2������� ,������ 528��� .�� 20 2������� ,������ 193��� .�� 59 1������� ,������ 925��� .�� 54 — �������������� ������� .��� UO2 powder (87����7�� % enrichment�� ) Total 1����������� ,���������� 439������� ,������ 971��� .�� 40 112������� ,������ 072��� .�� 37 72������� ,������ 993��� .�� 52 5���� ,��� 392 aResearch Institute for Atomic Reactors. 115

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116 TABLE 2 Detailed Information on Completed Transportation of Spent Fuel for Various Reactors Fuel Assembly Type Date of Supplier and ID Number Transport Cask Delivery Carrier Comments Beloyarsk NPP (Zarechny, BN�����a -600, TUK-11BN 2005 Mayak Sverdlovsk region, Russia) 505.020.01.02.99, 505.020.02.05.02 Balakovo NPP (Balakovo, VVER������b -1000, TUK-13/1V 2004 Mining and Chemical Saratov region, Russia) SDR9610U Complex Kola NPP (Polarnye Zori, VVER-440, TUK-6 2003 Mayak Delivery with two Murmansk region, Russia) 144-46879, different railroad cars 136-42198 Kalinin NPP (Udomlya, Tver VVER-1000, TUK-13/1V 2003 Mining and Chemical region, Russia) SV������������� V������������ 0011, ������ VB���� 0017 Complex Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Fuel swarf TK-45 2003 RIAR Transport by truck Petersburg, Russia) VVER-1000 Zaporizhzhe NPP (Energodar, VVER-1000 TUK-13/1V Mining ������������� and Chemical Ukraine) Complex aFast neutron reactor (BN). b Water-moderated water-cooled power reactors (VVER).

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TABLE 3 Detailed Information on Planned Transportation of Spent Fuel for Various Reactors Fuel Assembly Type and ID Supplier Number Transport Cask Date of Delivery Carrier Comments Leningrad NPP (Sosnovy Bor, RBMK������a -1000, TUK-11R1 2005 Mayak� Leningrad region, Russia) 1-24-20567-89 4-26-54361-96 4-24-55609-96 11-26-76676-01 10-26-70360-00 Ignalina NPP����������� , Lithuania ��������� RBMK������ -1500, TUK-11R1 2005 Mayak 6 26 50 78255 02, 5 24 58867 97 ?, 6 24 52086 95 ?, 6 24 51904 95 ?, Kalinin NPP (Udomlya, Tver VVER-1000 TUK-13/1V 2006 Mining and Chemical region, Russia) SV0007 Complex a High-power channel reactor (RBMK). 117

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