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Appendix A Committee Biographical Information Chair separation processes, gas liquefaction processes, cryogenics, and thermodynamics. He holds 116 U.S. and more than 500 Michael P. Ramage, NAE, is a retired vice president, foreign patents. These patents are used in more than 100 ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previ- chemical plants with a capital expenditure in excess of a bil- ously he was executive vice president and chief technology lion dollars. He has authored 66 technical papers and given officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number many lectures and presentations. He chaired the Separations of positions at Mobil including research associate, manager Division and the Chemical Technology Operating Council of of process research and development, general manager of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and exploration and producing research and technical service, also a Gordon Conference on Separations. He was a mem- vice president of engineering, and president of Mobil Tech- ber of the NRC Committee on Alternatives and Strategies nology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He is currently a of the petroleum and chemical industries. He has served member of the AIChE’s Board of Directors and its Energy on a number of university visiting committees and was a Commission. He is also a member of the NRC Board on member of the Government-University-Industry Research Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES). He has received Roundtable. He was a director of the American Institute several awards, including the J&E Hall Gold Medal from of Chemical Engineers and is a member of several profes- the Institute of Refrigeration (UK) and the Presidential sional organizations. Dr. Ramage chaired the committee that Citation for Outstanding Achievement from the University authored the recent National Research Council (NRC) report of Delaware. The AIChE has honored him with the Clar- The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and ence G. Gerhold Award, the Institute Award for Excellence Research Needs. He is a member of the National Academy of in Industrial Gases Technology, the Chemical Engineering Engineering (NAE) and has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Practice Award, and chose him to give the Institute Lecture Ramage has B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and HDR degrees in chemical at the 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting. Dr. Agrawal received a engineering from Purdue University. B. Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, India; an M.Ch.E. from the University of Delaware; and Members an Sc.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Rakesh Agrawal, NAE, is Winthrop E. Stone Distinguished Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue Uni- David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow versity. Previously, he was an Air Products fellow at Air at Clemson University. There, he directs innovation and Products and Chemicals, Inc., where he worked from 1980 strategy at Clemson’s International Center for Automotive to 2004. A major thrust of his research is related to energy Research. Prior to joining Clemson, Dr. Bodde held the issues and includes novel processes for fabrication of low- Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at cost solar cells, biomass and coal-to-liquid fuel conversion, the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde serves hydrogen production from renewable sources, and energy on the boards of directors of several energy and technology systems analysis. His research interests further include companies, including Great Plains Energy and the Commerce basic and applied research in gas separations, process Funds. His executive experience includes vice president, development, synthesis of distillation column configura- Midwest Research Institute; assistant director of the Con- tions, adsorption and membrane separation processes, novel gressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secretary in 115

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116 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES—A focus on hydrogen the U.S. Department of Energy. Dr. Bodde frequently testifies Judi Greenwald is the director of Innovative Solutions at before congressional committees. He was once a soldier and the Pew Center for Global Climate Change. She oversees served in the Army in Vietnam. He has a doctorate in busi- the solutions program and develops mechanisms for learn- ness administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees ing about and promoting innovative solutions—including in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973), and research, publications, web-based information and data- a B.S. from the United States Military Academy. bases, and workshops. Ms. Greenwald focuses on techno- logical innovation, business solutions, and state and regional David Friedman is research director, Clean Vehicles Pro- solutions. gram, Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Washington, Ms. Greenwald has more than 20 years of experience D.C. He is the author or coauthor of more than 30 technical working on energy and environmental policy. Prior to com- papers and reports on advancements in conventional, fuel cell, ing to the Pew Center, she worked as a consultant, focusing and hybrid electric vehicles and alternative energy sources, on innovative approaches to solving environmental prob- with an emphasis on clean and efficient technologies. Before lems, including climate change. She also served as a senior joining UCS in 2001, he worked for the University of Cali- adviser on the White House Climate Change Task Force. fornia-Davis (UC Davis) in the Fuel Cell Vehicle Modeling As a member of the professional staff of the U.S. Congress Program, developing simulation tools to evaluate fuel cell Energy and Commerce Committee, she worked on the 1990 technology for automotive applications. He worked on the Clean Air Act Amendments, the 1992 Energy Policy Act, and UC Davis FutureCar team to build a hybrid electric family a number of other energy and environmental statutes. She car that doubled its fuel economy. He previously worked at was also a congressional fellow with then-Senate Majority Arthur D. Little researching fuel cell, battery electric, and Leader Robert C. Byrd, an environmental scientist with the hybrid electric vehicle technologies, as well as photovoltaics. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and an environmental He served as a member of the NRC Panel on the Benefits of engineer and policy analyst at the U.S. Environmental Pro- Fuel Cell R&D of the Committee on Prospective Benefits of tection Agency (EPA). the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Energy Efficiency Ms. Greenwald has a bachelor of science in engineering, and Fossil Energy R&D Programs, Phase 1; on the Panel on cum laude, from Princeton University, and an M.A. in sci- Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle R&D Pro- ence, technology, and public policy from George Washington gram; and as a member of the NRC Committee on National University. Tire Efficiency. He earned a bachelor’s degree in mechanical Ms. Greenwald has published papers on the future of engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and is a water quality monitoring, worker and community adjust- doctoral candidate (2007) in transportation technology and ment to climate change policy, a multimedia approach to policy at UC Davis. radon, environmental policies affecting the development of newer coal technologies, and the implications for air quality Susan Fuhs is president, Conundrum Consulting. Previous analysis of extended lifetimes for coal-fired boilers. positions include general manager, Astro Aerospace; general manager, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems; director, Robert L. Hirsch is senior energy adviser, Management New Ventures, Honeywell International; technology policy Information Services, Inc. (MISI). Formerly he was senior analyst, RAND; and project engineer, Advanced Applica- energy program adviser at SAIC. His past positions include tions, AlliedSignal Aerospace. Dr. Fuhs’ technical and busi- senior energy analyst with the RAND Corporation; executive ness experience has focused on overcoming barriers to the adviser to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, development and implementation of advanced technologies. Inc.; vice president, Washington Office, Electric Power Her experience with fuel cells includes developing fuel Research Institute (EPRI); vice president and manager, cell systems for stationary and transportation applications, Research and Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and including fuel cells for the Partnership for a New Genera- Gas Company; chief executive officer of ARCO Power Tech- tion of Vehicles; developing fuel cell marketing and business nologies, a company that he founded; manager, Baytown plans; and managing the solid oxide fuel cell subsidiary of Research and Development Division, and general manager, General Electric Power Systems. She currently consults Exploratory Research, Exxon Research and Engineering in strategic planning, new product development, business Company; assistant administrator for solar, geothermal, and development, and technology roadmapping. She is a past advanced energy systems (presidential appointment) and board member, National Hydrogen Association, and past director, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, chairperson, Space Systems Technical Committee, American U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. She has a Ph.D. He has served on numerous advisory committees including and an M.S. in mechanical engineering and a B.S. in chemi- as a member of the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board cal engineering from the California Institute of Technology, and a number of DOE national laboratory advisory boards. and an M.B.A. from the Anderson School, University of He has served on several NRC committees, including the California, Los Angeles. one that authored the report Fuels to Drive Our Future,

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APPENDIX A 117 which examined the economics and technologies for pro- leaders that helped prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen ducing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources, Roadmap and has served as chairman of the National Hydro- the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future gen Association. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Hydrogen Production and Use, and as chair of the Committee the University of Illinois and an M.B.A. from the University to Examine the Research Needs of the Advanced Extraction of Houston. and Process Technology Program. He served as chairman of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and is a Joan Ogden is professor of environmental science and national associate of the Academies. He brings expertise in policy and energy policy analyst at the Institute of Trans- a number of areas of science and technology and business portation Studies, University of California, Davis. Previous related to energy production and consumption, research and to this, she held a number of positions at various research development, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engi- institutions including research scientist, Center for Energy neering and physics from the University of Illinois. and Environmental Studies, Princeton University. Most of her work has involved technical and economic assessments James R. Katzer, NAE, is an independent consultant. He has of new energy technologies, including renewable fuels, the recently been a visiting scholar at the Massachusetts Institute use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel of Technology (MIT) working on an MIT study ”The Future cell technology in transportation. Particular areas of interest of Coal in a Carbon Constrained World.” Prior to that he are the production of renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as was manager of strategic planning and program analysis for an energy carrier, and applications of fuel cells in transporta- ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, where he tion and stationary power production. Over the past decade, was responsible for technology planning and analysis activi- Dr. Ogden has carried out a series of assessments of fuel cell ties. Before that he was vice president, Technology, Mobil vehicles and hydrogen refueling infrastructure. For 2 years, Oil Corporation, with primary responsibilities for ensuring she served as chairman of the Solar Fuels and Transporta- Mobil Oil overall technical health, developing forward- tion Division of the American Solar Energy Society. She looking technology scenarios, identifying and analyzing has worked with the H2A, a group of hydrogen analysts technology and environmental developments and trends, and convened by the Department of Energy to develop a consis- identifying future threats and opportunities and strategies tent framework for analyzing hydrogen systems and, in 2005 to deal with them. Dr. Katzer joined the Central Research and 2006, received R&D Excellence awards from the DOE Laboratory of Mobil Oil Corporation in 1981, later becom- for her work with H2A. In 2004, Dr. Ogden served on the ing manager of process research and technical service and Governor of California’s Advisory Panel developing a blue- vice president of planning and finance for Mobil Research print plan for the proposed California Hydrogen Highway and Development Corporation. Before joining Mobil he Network. Dr. Ogden has published more than 100 technical was a professor on the chemical engineering faculty at the articles on energy topics and one book Solar Hydrogen. University of Delaware and the first director of the Center for She received her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Catalytic Science and Technology there. He recently served Maryland and a B.S. in mathematics from the University of on the NRC Committee on Alternatives to Indian Point that Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. evaluated various energy supply and end use technologies as potential replacements for the Indian Point nuclear power Lawrence T. Papay, NAE, is currently a consultant with a plants. Dr. Katzer has more than 80 publications in technical variety of clients in electric power and other energy areas. journals, holds several patents, and coauthored and edited His previous positions include senior vice president for the several books. He received a B.S. degree from Iowa State Integrated Solutions Sector, SAIC; and senior vice president and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from MIT. and general manager of Bechtel Technology and Consulting. He also held several positions at Southern California Edi- Gene Nemanich is the retired vice president, Hydrogen son, including senior vice president, vice president, general Systems, for Chevron Technology Ventures where he was superintendent, and director of research and development responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and com- (R&D), with responsibilities for areas including bulk power mercializing new hydrogen technologies. He has 32 years of generation, system planning, nuclear power, environmental experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, operations, and development of the organization and plans Cities Service, Texaco, and Chevron. He has also worked in for the company’s R&D efforts. His professional affiliations the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and have included the EPRI Research Advisory Committee, trading, and research leading to the development of new the Atomic Industrial Forum, the DOE Energy Research hydrogen systems. He represented Texaco in the California Advisory Board, and the Renewable Energy Institute. He is Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001, and was a director of a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture with National Science Foundation’s Industrial Panel on Science Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride and Technology. His expertise and knowledge ranges across hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry a wide variety of electric system technologies, from produc-

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118 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES—A focus on hydrogen tion, to transmission and distribution, utility management tute and Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. His and systems, and end use technologies. He received a B.S. teaching and research interests at CMU are in the areas of in physics from Fordham University, and an S.M. and Sc.D. environmental control, energy utilization, and technology- in nuclear engineering from MIT. policy interactions, with a particular focus on coal-based systems. His expertise includes modeling and assessment of Ian W.H. Parry is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future. energy and environmental systems with applications to elec- Previous positions include adjunct professor, Department of tric power generation technologies, energy use, and emission Economics, Georgetown University; research fellow, U.S. control systems; global climate change policy issues; carbon Department of Agriculture; professor, Center for Economic sequestration and management; and environmental technol- Research and Graduate Education (Prague); and lecturer, ogy innovation and its relation to government policies. He Department of Economics, Australian National University. has served as a member of numerous technical and advisory Dr. Parry’s research focuses primarily on environmental, committees, including to the U.S. Environmental Protection transportation, tax, and public health policies. His recent Agency, U.S. Department of Energy, Intergovernmental work has analyzed gasoline taxes, fuel economy standards, Panel on Climate Change, and the National Academy of Sci- transit subsidies, alcohol taxes, policies to reduce traffic con- ences-National Research Council. He is a past chairman of gestion and accidents, environmental tax shifts, the role of the Environmental Control Division of the American Society technology policy in environmental protection, the incidence of Mechanical Engineers. He earned a B.E. in mechanical of pollution control policies, and the interactions between engineering at the City College of New York and an M.S. and regulatory policies and the broader tax system. He received Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University. a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago, an M.A. in economics from Warwick University, and a B.A. in Robert W. Shaw, Jr., is president of Aretê Corporation, the economics from the University of Sheffield. manager of the Micro-Generation Technology Fund, LLC, and the five Utech venture funds. He has more than 20 years William F. Powers, NAE, is retired vice president, Research, of experience in the venture capital industry and is a leader Ford Motor Company. His approximately 20 years at Ford in developing modular-dispersed generation, renewable included positions as director, Vehicle, Powertrain and energy generation, hydrogen energy systems, and specialty Systems Research; director, Product and Manufacturing materials. He previously held the position of senior vice Systems; program manager, Specialty Car Programs; and president and member of the Board of Directors of Booz, executive director, Ford Research Laboratory and Infor- Allen & Hamilton, where he was a founder of the firm’s mation Technology. Prior positions also include profes- Energy Division, which provided management and technical sor, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of consulting services to utilities and energy companies. He also Michigan, during which time he consulted with the National held research positions at Bell Laboratories and Cavendish Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Northrop, Laboratory directed at the electronic and structural proper- Caterpillar, and Ford; research engineer, University of Texas; ties of materials. Dr. Shaw served for 11 years as director and mathematician and aerospace engineer, NASA Marshall and chairman of Distributed Energy Systems Corporation Space Flight Center. Dr. Powers is a fellow of the Institute (DESC) and for 5 years as director and chairman of CTP of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Society of Automo- Hydrogen Corporation. He has been a director of H2Gen tive Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Innovations, Inc., since 2001. He has served as a member of and International Federation of Automatic Control. He is a the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and member of the National Academy of Engineering and a for- the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Fuel Cell R&D Program. He eign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering is also a member of DOE’s Hydrogen Technology Advisory Sciences. He has extensive expertise in advanced research Committee. He has a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford and development of automotive technology. He is a member University, an M.S.E.E. from Cornell University, and an of the National Academies Board on Energy and Environ- MPA in organization design from American University. mental Systems and recently served on the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production Arnold F. Stancell, NAE, is Turner Professor of Chemical and Use. He has a B.S. in aerospace engineering, University and Biomolecular Engineering, emeritus, Georgia Institute of Florida, and a Ph.D. in engineering mechanics, University of Technology. He has also served as visiting associate of Texas-Austin. professor and visiting professor of chemical engineering, MIT. Prior to joining Georgia Tech, he held various research Edward S. Rubin is the Alumni Professor of Environmen- positions and subsequently a number of management posi- tal Engineering and Science at Carnegie Mellon University tions at Mobil Oil Corporation including vice president, (CMU). He holds joint appointments in the Departments of International Exploration and Production, vice president, Engineering and Public Policy and Mechanical Engineering worldwide Marketing and Refining Planning, and regional and is the founding director of CMU’s Environmental Insti- executive in Europe. He left Mobil in 1993 after a 31-year

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APPENDIX A 119 career including 10 years in research where he was awarded Tony Wu is senior research engineer and project manager, nine patents and worked on innovative processes for vari- Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, Electric Transportation, and Energy ous hydrocarbon processes and processes for permselective Storage, Southern Company. Previous positions include staff membranes for separations applications. His research inter- technology engineer, Energizer Power Systems, and tech- ests are in polymer and petrochemical processes and plasma nology engineer, Gates Energy Products. He has more than reactions in microelectronics processing. His technical and 15 years of combined experience in fundamental research, business experience, and economic analysis experience for technology development and product testing and validation, large projects, bring a perspective on infrastructure costs and and project management. His primary technical expertise requirements to this study. He is a member of the National is in chemical, material, and electrochemical behavior of Academy of Engineering and received the AIChE National various electrochemical systems including ultracapacitor, Award in Chemical Engineering Practice. Other awards battery, and fuel cell technologies. At Southern Company, he include the Outstanding Teacher Award in Chemical Engi- is directly responsible for multiple research program areas, neering, Georgia Tech (1997), Career Achievement Award of including distributed energy resources, hydrogen, electric City College of New York (1993), Black Engineer of the Year transportation, and energy storage programs. His research (1992), Invited Marshall Lecturer, University of Wisconsin activities focus on technical evaluation of various technolo- (1991), and Professional Achievement Award of the National gies, determining the applicability of these technologies in Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black both stationary and transportation applications, and making Chemists and Chemical Engineers (NOBCChE) (1975). He recommendation to management for proper strategic actions. has an Sc.D. from MIT (1962) and a B.S. (magna cum laude, He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tamkang Uni- 1958) from City College of the City University of New York, versity (Taiwan) and an M.S. in chemical engineering from in chemical engineering. Auburn University.