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Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen Appendix A Committee Biographical Information CHAIR Michael P. Ramage, NAE, is a retired vice president, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was executive vice president and chief technology officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil including research associate, manager of process research and development, general manager of exploration and producing research and technical service, vice president of engineering, and president of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He has served on a number of university visiting committees and was a member of the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. He was a director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and is a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Ramage chaired the committee that authored the recent National Research Council (NRC) report The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and Research Needs. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Ramage has B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and HDR degrees in chemical engineering from Purdue University. MEMBERS Rakesh Agrawal, NAE, is Winthrop E. Stone Distinguished Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University. Previously, he was an Air Products fellow at Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., where he worked from 1980 to 2004. A major thrust of his research is related to energy issues and includes novel processes for fabrication of low-cost solar cells, biomass and coal-to-liquid fuel conversion, hydrogen production from renewable sources, and energy systems analysis. His research interests further include basic and applied research in gas separations, process development, synthesis of distillation column configurations, adsorption and membrane separation processes, novel separation processes, gas liquefaction processes, cryogenics, and thermodynamics. He holds 116 U.S. and more than 500 foreign patents. These patents are used in more than 100 chemical plants with a capital expenditure in excess of a billion dollars. He has authored 66 technical papers and given many lectures and presentations. He chaired the Separations Division and the Chemical Technology Operating Council of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and also a Gordon Conference on Separations. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He is currently a member of the AIChE’s Board of Directors and its Energy Commission. He is also a member of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES). He has received several awards, including the J&E Hall Gold Medal from the Institute of Refrigeration (UK) and the Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement from the University of Delaware. The AIChE has honored him with the Clarence G. Gerhold Award, the Institute Award for Excellence in Industrial Gases Technology, the Chemical Engineering Practice Award, and chose him to give the Institute Lecture at the 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting. Dr. Agrawal received a B. Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, India; an M.Ch.E. from the University of Delaware; and an Sc.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow at Clemson University. There, he directs innovation and strategy at Clemson’s International Center for Automotive Research. Prior to joining Clemson, Dr. Bodde held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde serves on the boards of directors of several energy and technology companies, including Great Plains Energy and the Commerce Funds. His executive experience includes vice president, Midwest Research Institute; assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secretary in
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Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen the U.S. Department of Energy. Dr. Bodde frequently testifies before congressional committees. He was once a soldier and served in the Army in Vietnam. He has a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973), and a B.S. from the United States Military Academy. David Friedman is research director, Clean Vehicles Program, Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Washington, D.C. He is the author or coauthor of more than 30 technical papers and reports on advancements in conventional, fuel cell, and hybrid electric vehicles and alternative energy sources, with an emphasis on clean and efficient technologies. Before joining UCS in 2001, he worked for the University of California-Davis (UC Davis) in the Fuel Cell Vehicle Modeling Program, developing simulation tools to evaluate fuel cell technology for automotive applications. He worked on the UC Davis FutureCar team to build a hybrid electric family car that doubled its fuel economy. He previously worked at Arthur D. Little researching fuel cell, battery electric, and hybrid electric vehicle technologies, as well as photovoltaics. He served as a member of the NRC Panel on the Benefits of Fuel Cell R&D of the Committee on Prospective Benefits of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy R&D Programs, Phase 1; on the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle R&D Program; and as a member of the NRC Committee on National Tire Efficiency. He earned a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and is a doctoral candidate (2007) in transportation technology and policy at UC Davis. Susan Fuhs is president, Conundrum Consulting. Previous positions include general manager, Astro Aerospace; general manager, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems; director, New Ventures, Honeywell International; technology policy analyst, RAND; and project engineer, Advanced Applications, AlliedSignal Aerospace. Dr. Fuhs’ technical and business experience has focused on overcoming barriers to the development and implementation of advanced technologies. Her experience with fuel cells includes developing fuel cell systems for stationary and transportation applications, including fuel cells for the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles; developing fuel cell marketing and business plans; and managing the solid oxide fuel cell subsidiary of General Electric Power Systems. She currently consults in strategic planning, new product development, business development, and technology roadmapping. She is a past board member, National Hydrogen Association, and past chairperson, Space Systems Technical Committee, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. She has a Ph.D. and an M.S. in mechanical engineering and a B.S. in chemical engineering from the California Institute of Technology, and an M.B.A. from the Anderson School, University of California, Los Angeles. Judi Greenwald is the director of Innovative Solutions at the Pew Center for Global Climate Change. She oversees the solutions program and develops mechanisms for learning about and promoting innovative solutions—including research, publications, web-based information and databases, and workshops. Ms. Greenwald focuses on technological innovation, business solutions, and state and regional solutions. Ms. Greenwald has more than 20 years of experience working on energy and environmental policy. Prior to coming to the Pew Center, she worked as a consultant, focusing on innovative approaches to solving environmental problems, including climate change. She also served as a senior adviser on the White House Climate Change Task Force. As a member of the professional staff of the U.S. Congress Energy and Commerce Committee, she worked on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, the 1992 Energy Policy Act, and a number of other energy and environmental statutes. She was also a congressional fellow with then-Senate Majority Leader Robert C. Byrd, an environmental scientist with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and an environmental engineer and policy analyst at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Ms. Greenwald has a bachelor of science in engineering, cum laude, from Princeton University, and an M.A. in science, technology, and public policy from George Washington University. Ms. Greenwald has published papers on the future of water quality monitoring, worker and community adjustment to climate change policy, a multimedia approach to radon, environmental policies affecting the development of newer coal technologies, and the implications for air quality analysis of extended lifetimes for coal-fired boilers. Robert L. Hirsch is senior energy adviser, Management Information Services, Inc. (MISI). Formerly he was senior energy program adviser at SAIC. His past positions include senior energy analyst with the RAND Corporation; executive adviser to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, Inc.; vice president, Washington Office, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); vice president and manager, Research and Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and Gas Company; chief executive officer of ARCO Power Technologies, a company that he founded; manager, Baytown Research and Development Division, and general manager, Exploratory Research, Exxon Research and Engineering Company; assistant administrator for solar, geothermal, and advanced energy systems (presidential appointment) and director, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. He has served on numerous advisory committees including as a member of the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board and a number of DOE national laboratory advisory boards. He has served on several NRC committees, including the one that authored the report Fuels to Drive Our Future,
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Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources, the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use, and as chair of the Committee to Examine the Research Needs of the Advanced Extraction and Process Technology Program. He served as chairman of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and is a national associate of the Academies. He brings expertise in a number of areas of science and technology and business related to energy production and consumption, research and development, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and physics from the University of Illinois. James R. Katzer, NAE, is an independent consultant. He has recently been a visiting scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) working on an MIT study ”The Future of Coal in a Carbon Constrained World.” Prior to that he was manager of strategic planning and program analysis for ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, where he was responsible for technology planning and analysis activities. Before that he was vice president, Technology, Mobil Oil Corporation, with primary responsibilities for ensuring Mobil Oil overall technical health, developing forward-looking technology scenarios, identifying and analyzing technology and environmental developments and trends, and identifying future threats and opportunities and strategies to deal with them. Dr. Katzer joined the Central Research Laboratory of Mobil Oil Corporation in 1981, later becoming manager of process research and technical service and vice president of planning and finance for Mobil Research and Development Corporation. Before joining Mobil he was a professor on the chemical engineering faculty at the University of Delaware and the first director of the Center for Catalytic Science and Technology there. He recently served on the NRC Committee on Alternatives to Indian Point that evaluated various energy supply and end use technologies as potential replacements for the Indian Point nuclear power plants. Dr. Katzer has more than 80 publications in technical journals, holds several patents, and coauthored and edited several books. He received a B.S. degree from Iowa State and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from MIT. Gene Nemanich is the retired vice president, Hydrogen Systems, for Chevron Technology Ventures where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and commercializing new hydrogen technologies. He has 32 years of experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and Chevron. He has also worked in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and trading, and research leading to the development of new hydrogen systems. He represented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001, and was a director of Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture with Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry leaders that helped prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap and has served as chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois and an M.B.A. from the University of Houston. Joan Ogden is professor of environmental science and policy and energy policy analyst at the Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis. Previous to this, she held a number of positions at various research institutions including research scientist, Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University. Most of her work has involved technical and economic assessments of new energy technologies, including renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel cell technology in transportation. Particular areas of interest are the production of renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel cells in transportation and stationary power production. Over the past decade, Dr. Ogden has carried out a series of assessments of fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen refueling infrastructure. For 2 years, she served as chairman of the Solar Fuels and Transportation Division of the American Solar Energy Society. She has worked with the H2A, a group of hydrogen analysts convened by the Department of Energy to develop a consistent framework for analyzing hydrogen systems and, in 2005 and 2006, received R&D Excellence awards from the DOE for her work with H2A. In 2004, Dr. Ogden served on the Governor of California’s Advisory Panel developing a blue-print plan for the proposed California Hydrogen Highway Network. Dr. Ogden has published more than 100 technical articles on energy topics and one book Solar Hydrogen. She received her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland and a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. Lawrence T. Papay, NAE, is currently a consultant with a variety of clients in electric power and other energy areas. His previous positions include senior vice president for the Integrated Solutions Sector, SAIC; and senior vice president and general manager of Bechtel Technology and Consulting. He also held several positions at Southern California Edison, including senior vice president, vice president, general superintendent, and director of research and development (R&D), with responsibilities for areas including bulk power generation, system planning, nuclear power, environmental operations, and development of the organization and plans for the company’s R&D efforts. His professional affiliations have included the EPRI Research Advisory Committee, the Atomic Industrial Forum, the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board, and the Renewable Energy Institute. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Science Foundation’s Industrial Panel on Science and Technology. His expertise and knowledge ranges across a wide variety of electric system technologies, from produc-
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Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen tion, to transmission and distribution, utility management and systems, and end use technologies. He received a B.S. in physics from Fordham University, and an S.M. and Sc.D. in nuclear engineering from MIT. Ian W.H. Parry is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future. Previous positions include adjunct professor, Department of Economics, Georgetown University; research fellow, U.S. Department of Agriculture; professor, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education (Prague); and lecturer, Department of Economics, Australian National University. Dr. Parry’s research focuses primarily on environmental, transportation, tax, and public health policies. His recent work has analyzed gasoline taxes, fuel economy standards, transit subsidies, alcohol taxes, policies to reduce traffic congestion and accidents, environmental tax shifts, the role of technology policy in environmental protection, the incidence of pollution control policies, and the interactions between regulatory policies and the broader tax system. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago, an M.A. in economics from Warwick University, and a B.A. in economics from the University of Sheffield. William F. Powers, NAE, is retired vice president, Research, Ford Motor Company. His approximately 20 years at Ford included positions as director, Vehicle, Powertrain and Systems Research; director, Product and Manufacturing Systems; program manager, Specialty Car Programs; and executive director, Ford Research Laboratory and Information Technology. Prior positions also include professor, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, during which time he consulted with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Northrop, Caterpillar, and Ford; research engineer, University of Texas; and mathematician and aerospace engineer, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Dr. Powers is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Society of Automotive Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and International Federation of Automatic Control. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. He has extensive expertise in advanced research and development of automotive technology. He is a member of the National Academies Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and recently served on the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He has a B.S. in aerospace engineering, University of Florida, and a Ph.D. in engineering mechanics, University of Texas-Austin. Edward S. Rubin is the Alumni Professor of Environmental Engineering and Science at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). He holds joint appointments in the Departments of Engineering and Public Policy and Mechanical Engineering and is the founding director of CMU’s Environmental Institute and Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. His teaching and research interests at CMU are in the areas of environmental control, energy utilization, and technology-policy interactions, with a particular focus on coal-based systems. His expertise includes modeling and assessment of energy and environmental systems with applications to electric power generation technologies, energy use, and emission control systems; global climate change policy issues; carbon sequestration and management; and environmental technology innovation and its relation to government policies. He has served as a member of numerous technical and advisory committees, including to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Department of Energy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. He is a past chairman of the Environmental Control Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He earned a B.E. in mechanical engineering at the City College of New York and an M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University. Robert W. Shaw, Jr., is president of Aretê Corporation, the manager of the Micro-Generation Technology Fund, LLC, and the five Utech venture funds. He has more than 20 years of experience in the venture capital industry and is a leader in developing modular-dispersed generation, renewable energy generation, hydrogen energy systems, and specialty materials. He previously held the position of senior vice president and member of the Board of Directors of Booz, Allen & Hamilton, where he was a founder of the firm’s Energy Division, which provided management and technical consulting services to utilities and energy companies. He also held research positions at Bell Laboratories and Cavendish Laboratory directed at the electronic and structural properties of materials. Dr. Shaw served for 11 years as director and chairman of Distributed Energy Systems Corporation (DESC) and for 5 years as director and chairman of CTP Hydrogen Corporation. He has been a director of H2Gen Innovations, Inc., since 2001. He has served as a member of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Fuel Cell R&D Program. He is also a member of DOE’s Hydrogen Technology Advisory Committee. He has a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford University, an M.S.E.E. from Cornell University, and an MPA in organization design from American University. Arnold F. Stancell, NAE, is Turner Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, emeritus, Georgia Institute of Technology. He has also served as visiting associate professor and visiting professor of chemical engineering, MIT. Prior to joining Georgia Tech, he held various research positions and subsequently a number of management positions at Mobil Oil Corporation including vice president, International Exploration and Production, vice president, worldwide Marketing and Refining Planning, and regional executive in Europe. He left Mobil in 1993 after a 31-year
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Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen career including 10 years in research where he was awarded nine patents and worked on innovative processes for various hydrocarbon processes and processes for permselective membranes for separations applications. His research interests are in polymer and petrochemical processes and plasma reactions in microelectronics processing. His technical and business experience, and economic analysis experience for large projects, bring a perspective on infrastructure costs and requirements to this study. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and received the AIChE National Award in Chemical Engineering Practice. Other awards include the Outstanding Teacher Award in Chemical Engineering, Georgia Tech (1997), Career Achievement Award of City College of New York (1993), Black Engineer of the Year (1992), Invited Marshall Lecturer, University of Wisconsin (1991), and Professional Achievement Award of the National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers (NOBCChE) (1975). He has an Sc.D. from MIT (1962) and a B.S. (magna cum laude, 1958) from City College of the City University of New York, in chemical engineering. Tony Wu is senior research engineer and project manager, Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, Electric Transportation, and Energy Storage, Southern Company. Previous positions include staff technology engineer, Energizer Power Systems, and technology engineer, Gates Energy Products. He has more than 15 years of combined experience in fundamental research, technology development and product testing and validation, and project management. His primary technical expertise is in chemical, material, and electrochemical behavior of various electrochemical systems including ultracapacitor, battery, and fuel cell technologies. At Southern Company, he is directly responsible for multiple research program areas, including distributed energy resources, hydrogen, electric transportation, and energy storage programs. His research activities focus on technical evaluation of various technologies, determining the applicability of these technologies in both stationary and transportation applications, and making recommendation to management for proper strategic actions. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tamkang University (Taiwan) and an M.S. in chemical engineering from Auburn University.