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OCR for page 125
Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen Appendix D Acronyms and Abbreviations ABE acetone-butanol-ethanol AEO Annual Energy Outlook AER all-electric range Cd coefficient of drag CAFE corporate average fuel economy CCS carbon capture and sequestration CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide CRP Conservation Reserve Program CVA camless valve actuation CVT continuously variable transmission DME dimethyl ether DNGR distributed natural gas reforming DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSMR distributed steam methane reforming DWE distributed water electrolysis EEG Renewable Energy Resources Act (Germany) EIA Energy Information Administration EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPACT Energy Policy Act of 2005 EV electric vehicle FC fuel cell FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FCV fuel cell vehicle GDI gasoline direct injection GHG greenhouse gas GIS geographic information system GW gigawatt HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition HEV hybrid electric vehicle HFC hydrofluorocarbon HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HICEV hydrogen-powered ICEV ICE internal combustion engine ICEV internal combustion engine vehicle IEA International Energy Agency IGCC integrated gasification-combined cycle IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ISO International Organization for Standardization kWh kilowatt-hour LCC life-cycle cost LDV light-duty vehicle LNG liquefied natural gas MCFC molten carbonate fuel cell MEA membrane electrode assembly mpg miles per gallon mpgge miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent MPR maximum practicable rate of penetration MTG methanol to gasoline NEMS National Energy Modeling System NOx nitrogen oxides NRC National Research Council OEM original equipment manufacturer PEM proton exchange membrane PFC perfluorocarbon PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle ppm parts per million PTC production tax credit PUC public utility commission PV photovoltaic
OCR for page 126
Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies — A Focus on Hydrogen R&D research and development RD&D research, development, and demonstration RPS renewable portfolio standard SAE Society of Automotive Engineers (now SAE International) SMR steam methane reformer SO2 sulfur dioxide SOFC solid oxide fuel cell SUV sport utility vehicle USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture VEETC Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit VMT vehicle-miles traveled VVT variable valve timing WTW well to wheel ZEV zero emissions vehicle