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Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring E Committee and Staff Biographical Information ANTONIO J. BUSALACCHI, JR., Chair, is the director of the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center and a professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at the University of Maryland. His research interests include tropical ocean circulation and its role in the coupled climate system and climate variability and predictability. Dr. Busalacchi has been involved in the activities of the World Climate Research Program for many years and currently is co-chair of the scientific steering group for its subprogram on climate variability and predictability. Dr. Busalacchi has extensive NRC experience, including serving on the Climate Research Committee and its associated Panel on the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Program, as well as the Committee on Earth Studies. He chaired the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. PHILIP E. ARDANUY is chief scientist and director of Remote Sensing Applications at Raytheon Information Solutions. Dr. Ardanuy specializes in developing integrated mission concepts through government-industry-academic partnerships. His research has included network-centric and system-of-systems concepts, telepresence-telescience-telerobotics, tropical meteorology, Earth’s radiation budget and climate, satellite instrument calibration and characterization, remote sensing applications and systems engineering, scientific applications research-to-operational transition, and validation of environmental observations. He is the associate editor of the International Society for Optical Engineering’s (SPIE) Journal of Applied Remote Sensing and chair of the American Meteorological Society’s (AMS) Committee on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography. Dr. Ardanuy has received multiple honors, including his 2007 elevation to the position of Raytheon Engineering Fellow and his receipt of the Raytheon Excellence in Business Development Award and the Raytheon Peer Award for “dedication in the excellence in his work and unimagined expertise in algorithms, ground processing, mission understanding, and mission experience.” Dr. Ardanuy served on the NRC Panel on Earth Science Applications and Societal Benefits of the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future, and on the Committee on Utilization of Environmental Satellite Data: A Vision for 2010 and Beyond. He was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. JUDITH A. CURRY is the chair of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Her research interests include remote sensing, climate of the polar regions, atmospheric modeling, and air/sea interactions. She participates in the World Meteorological Organization’s World Climate Research Program, was a member of the Science Steering Group of the Arctic Climate System Program, and chairs the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group on Polar Clouds. She co-chaired
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Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean program’s Science Working Group. Dr. Curry previously served on the NRC Committee to Review NASA’s Polar Geophysical Data Sets, the Panel on Coastal Meteorology, the Climate Research Committee, and the Space Studies Board. She was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. CRAIG J. DONLON is director of the International GODAE (Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment) High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project (GHRSST-PP) at the Meteorological Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in Exeter, England. He is also the JCOMM (Joint Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Services Programme Area coordinator, and he is responsible for international coordination of Marine Safety Services, Marine Accident and Emergency Response Systems, Waves and Storm Surges, and Sea Ice. Dr. Donlon has expertise in international weather and climate programs and the creation of climate data records. His work has been recognized with awards that include the 2000 American Meteorological Society (AMS) Editors award for the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, the 1997 and 1994 Royal Society award for the 1997 and 1994 MUBEX experiment, and the 1989 European Commission Marie Curie Fellowship Award. JUDITH L. LEAN has worked in the Naval Research Laboratory’s Space Science Division since 1986, where her research focuses on the mechanisms, measurements, and modeling of variations in the Sun’s radiative output and the effects of this variability on Earth’s global climate and space weather. She is a guest investigator on NASA’s Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite and the Living with a Star and Sun-Earth Connection programs. Dr. Lean has testified on the science of climate change before the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space. She is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, the American Astronomical Society (Solar Physics Division), and the AMS. Dr. Lean served on the NRC Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate, the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, and the Panel on Climate Variability and Change. She was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. BERRIEN MOORE III is a professor and the director of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire. A professor of systems research, he received the university’s 1993 Excellence in Research Award and was named University Distinguished Professor in 1997. Dr. Moore’s research focuses on the carbon cycle, global biogeochemical cycles, and global change as well as policy issues in the area of the global environment. He has served on several NASA advisory committees, and in 1987 he chaired the NASA Space and Earth Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Moore led the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Task Force on Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling prior to serving as chair of the overarching Scientific Committee of the IGBP (SC-IGBP). As chair of the SC-IGBP (1998-2002), Dr. Moore served as a lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Third Assessment Report (2001). He chaired the 2001 Open Science Conference on Global Change in Amsterdam and is one of the four architects of the Amsterdam Declaration on Global Change. Dr. Moore has contributed actively to committees at the NRC, and served as co-chair of the NRC Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future. He is also a member of the Space Studies Board and served on the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. R. STEVEN NEREM is a professor of aerospace engineering sciences at the University of Colorado (UC) Boulder. He is also an associate director of the Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research and a fellow of the Colorado Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. Prior to joining UC in 2000, Dr. Nerem worked at NASA God-dard Space Flight Center as a geophysicist; prior to that, he was an associate professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a leader in geodetic and oceanographic research, and a specialist in satellite geodesy and its applications to solid-Earth physics, ocean dynamics, and related climate sciences. His work covers many of the areas of satellite geodesy, including satellite orbit determination, satellite remote sensing, geodetic techniques, gravity
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Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring field determination, vertical crustal motions, geocenter motion, time-variable gravity and application to Earth mass redistribution, ocean dynamics, ocean topography, and sea level change. He participated in several NASA flight projects including Lageos II, TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, Pioneer Venus Orbiter, and Mars Observer. In 1995, Dr. Nerem was awarded NASA’s Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal for his research in the area of gravity field determination. He also received the 2006 American Geophysical Union Geodesy Section Award. ANNE W. NOLIN is an associate professor of remote sensing and physical geography at Oregon State University (OSU). Prior to her appointment at OSU, Dr. Nolin was a research scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center, part of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Her research interests include snow hydrology, polar climatology, the martian polar ice caps, and remote sensing of snow and ice from airborne and spaceborne sensors. She is currently a member of the Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) Science Team and was a NASA principal investigator for the validation of snow albedo retrievals from MISR and MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer). Dr. Nolin served as vice chair of the NRC Panel on Water Resources and the Global Hydrologic Cycle. JAY S. PEARLMAN is the chief engineer of Network Centric Operations (NCO) Programs and Technologies at the Boeing Company. Dr. Pearlman’s background includes research program management and development of sensors, remote sensing, and information systems. He was Boeing’s chief architect for the NOAA GOES-R study contract and the chief scientist for the Landsat Data Continuity contract. He was also deputy principal investigator for the NASA Hyperion Program. Dr. Pearlman is a Boeing technical fellow and is leading the NCO research and technology coordination. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and chair of the IEEE Committee on Earth Observation, and principal IEEE delegate to the Group on Earth Observation. He is active in promoting systems architecture and information system development for large-scale national and global applications, including advancing ocean and coastal information systems. Dr. Pearlman has more than 70 publications and 25 U.S. and international patents. He served on the NRC Panel on Enabling Concepts and Technologies of the Committee for the Review of NASA’s Pioneering Revolutionary Technology Program and the Space Applications and Commercialization Steering Committee. He is currently a member of the Ocean Studies Board, and he served on the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. JOYCE E. PENNER is the Ralph J. Cicerone Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric Science at the University of Michigan. Dr. Penner is a leading expert on the interactions of chemistry, aerosols, and their effects on the climate system. She has published more than 110 peer-reviewed articles and her most recent article focuses on understanding the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on climate. Prior to joining the University of Michigan, Dr. Penner served as division leader of the Global Climate Research Division at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where she developed simplified treatments for the sulfur cycle within a global climate model. She used this model to quantify the climate forcing and climate response from anthropogenic sulfate aerosols. Dr. Penner studies the effects of carbonaceous aerosols on the lifetime and precipitation efficiency of clouds. She also led a model study that evaluated the differences between satellite-derived estimates of aerosol forcing and model-derived estimates. Dr. Penner served as a member of the NRC Committee on Metrics for Global Change Research and as vice chair of the NRC Panel on Climate Variability and Change, and currently serves as a member of the Climate Research Committee. JAMES F.W. PURDOM is a senior research scientist at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) at Colorado State University. Before joining CIRA in 2001, he spent 4 years as director of the Office of Research and Applications in NOAA’s NESDIS. Dr. Purdom’s research focuses on remote sensing of Earth and its environment, as well as the development and evolution of atmospheric convection, with emphasis on the study of mesoscale processes using satellite data. He received the U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal in 1994, the National Weather Association Special Award in 1996, the AMS Special Award in 1997, and the Presidential Rank Award in 2001. He served on the NRC Task Group on the Availability and Usefulness of NASA’s Space
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Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring Mission Data. Dr. Purdom was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. CARL F. SCHUELER recently retired as the chief scientist at Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. His expertise is in satellite remote sensing. Dr. Schueler has led advanced sensor development studies and proposals for polar and geosynchronous Earth observation, as well as planetary exploration. He is familiar with the VIIRS instrument, the key NPOESS instrument for land imaging and ocean color measurements. He managed the mid-1990s Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Block 6 studies and the Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite 2000 studies that led to Raytheon’s participation in the NPOESS program. He also led Raytheon’s successful efforts for the Aerosol Polarimeter Sensor to be flown on NASA’s Glory mission and NPOESS. Dr. Schueler served as an executive advisor to the Environmental Research Institute of the Michigan International Conference series on Remote Sensing of Marine and Coastal Environments and as a member of the Advisory Committee of the University of California at Santa Barbara Institute for Computational Earth System Science. Dr. Schueler has served on five NRC committees, including the Panel on Weather. GRAEME L. STEPHENS is a professor in the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at Colorado State University. His research activities focus on atmospheric radiation and on the application of remote sensing in climate research, with particular emphasis on understanding the role of hydrological processes in climate change. His other activities include the development of doppler lidar for measurement of boundary layer winds and studies in atmospheric visibility. Dr. Stephens is the principal investigator of NASA’s Cloudsat Mission. He is the author of Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 1994). His most recent NRC service includes membership on the Committee on the Future of Rainfall Measuring Missions, the Panel on Climate Change Feedbacks, and the Committee on Earth Studies. CHRISTOPHER S. VELDEN is currently a research scientist at the University of Wisconsin where he heads a group that develops satellite products, mainly for tropical cyclone applications. He served as a member of the U.S. Weather Research Project Science Steering Committee (1996-1999), the GOES Science Team (1996-1998), and the Geostationary Microwave Sounder Working Group (1995-1996). Dr. Velden served as chair of the AMS Committee on Satellite Meteorology and has also been a member of the AMS Tropical Committee. In the last 5 years he has been honored by AMS with two awards and has published numerous papers. He served on the NRC Committee on NOAA-NESDIS Transition from Research to Operations, the Committee on the Future of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, the Panel on Weather, and the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. ROBERT A. WELLER is the director of the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Ocean Research at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His research focuses on atmospheric forcing, surface waves on the upper ocean, prediction of upper ocean variability, and the ocean’s role in climate. Dr. Weller has been a pioneer in developing tools and technologies that enable scientists to investigate upper ocean processes on scales from meters to tens of kilometers and with accuracy never before available. In recognition of Dr. Weller’s distinguished contributions to ocean science, he was named Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanographic Research Chair by the Office of Naval Research. Dr. Weller has been on multiple mooring deployment cruises and has practical experience with ocean observation instruments. He is currently a co-chair of the U.S. Climate Variability and Change (CLIVAR) Scientific Steering Group and a member of the international CLIVAR Scientific Steering Group. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan, the Committee on Implementation of a Seafloor Observatory Network for Oceanographic Research, and the Committee on Utilization of Environmental Satellite Data: A Vision for 2010 and Beyond. He also served on the NRC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. FRANK J. WENTZ serves as the director of Remote Sensing Systems, a research company specializing in satellite microwave remote sensing of Earth. His research focuses on radiative transfer models that relate satellite
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Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring observations to geophysical parameters, with the objective of providing reliable geophysical data sets to the Earth science community. He is currently working on satellite-derived decadal time series of atmospheric moisture and temperature, the measurement of sea-surface temperature through clouds, and advanced microwave sensor designs for climatological studies. Mr. Wentz served on the NRC Panel on Reconciling Temperature Observations of the Climate Research Committee and was a member of the Committee on Earth Studies. He also served as a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. Consultant STACEY W. BOLAND received her Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 2005. She is currently a systems engineer and mission architect in the Earth Mission Concepts group at California Institute of Technology’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Dr. Boland has led numerous pre-Phase A Earth mission architecture studies, and has assisted in creating consensus summaries and reports for several community workshops. Dr. Boland has served as a consultant to the NRC Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future and to the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. Staff ARTHUR CHARO, study director, joined the Space Studies Board as a senior program officer in 1995. He has directed studies that have resulted in some 30 reports, notably the first NRC decadal survey in solar and space physics (2002) and in Earth science and applications from space (2007). Dr. Charo received his Ph.D. in physics from Duke University in 1981 and was a postdoctoral fellow in chemical physics at Harvard University from 1982 to 1985. He then pursued his interests in national security and arms control at Harvard University’s Center for Science and International Affairs, where he was a research fellow from 1985 to 1988. From 1988 to 1995, he worked as a senior analyst and study director in the International Security and Space Program in the U.S. Congress’s Office of Technology Assessment. Dr. Charo is a recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in International Security (1985-1987) and a Harvard-Sloan Foundation Fellowship (1987-1988). He was the 1988-1989 American Institute of Physics AAAS Congressional Science Fellow. In addition to NRC reports, he is the author of research papers in molecular spectroscopy, reports on arms control and space policy, and the monograph Continental Air Defense: A Neglected Dimension of Strategic Defense (University Press of America, 1990). THERESA M. FISHER is a program associate with SSB. During her 30 years with the Academies, she has held positions in the executive, editorial, and contract offices of the National Academy of Engineering and positions with several NRC boards, including the Energy Engineering Board, the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, and the Marine Board. CATHERINE A. GRUBER is an assistant editor with SSB. She joined SSB as a senior program assistant in 1995. Ms. Gruber first came to the NRC in 1988 as a senior secretary for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board and has worked as an outreach assistant for the NAS-Smithsonian Institution’s National Science Resources Center. She was a research assistant (chemist) in the National Institute of Mental Health’s Laboratory of Cell Biology for 2 years. She has a B.A. in natural science from St. Mary’s College of Maryland.