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Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership Appendix C R&D Funding Trends of the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program FUNDING DETAILS The research and development programs of the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program (the U.S. Department of Energy [DOE] parent program of the 21st Century Truck Partnership) have been funded as shown in Table C-1. Note that the table includes some funding that explicitly support the 21CTP as well as the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. (The left-hand column of the table includes such notations where applicable.) 21CTP SUBPROGRAMS The subprogram descriptions are as follows: Vehicle Systems. The Vehicle Systems subprogram funds research and development (R&D) on advanced vehicle technologies and auxiliary equipment that could achieve significant improvements in fuel economy for light- and heavy-duty vehicles without sacrificing safety, the environment, performance, and affordability. This subprogram’s funding contributes to both the FreedomCAR Partnership and the 21st Century Truck Partnership. Innovative Concepts. The Innovative Concepts subprogram funds the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) activity, which aids in the development of interdisciplinary curricula to train the future workforce of automotive engineers. This is accomplished by setting up GATE Centers of Excellence at universities that have been competitively selected, establishing focused curriculum, and providing funds for research fellowships. Hybrid and Electric Propulsion. From the Hybrid and Electric Propulsion subprogram funds R&D for passenger vehicles. Research and development efforts include research in energy storage systems, advanced power electronics and electric machines. There are three activities: Energy Storage, Advanced Power Electronics, and Subsystem Integration and Development. Advanced Combustion Engine R&D. The Advanced Combustion Engine R&D subprogram focuses on removing critical technical barriers to commercialization of more efficient advanced internal combustion engines in light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles. The goals are to improve the efficiency of internal combustion engines to 45 percent by 2010 for light-duty applications and to 55 percent for heavy-duty applications by 2013, while meeting cost, durability, and emissions constraints. Research is conducted in collaboration with industry, national laboratories, and universities, and in conjunction with the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Partnership. The Advanced Combustion Engine R&D subprogram includes Combustion and Emission Control, Heavy Truck Engine, Waste Heat Recovery, and Health Impacts Research. Materials Technologies. The Materials Technologies subprogram supports the development of cost-effective materials and materials manufacturing processes that can contribute to fuel-efficient cars and trucks. This subprogram is a critical enabler for concepts developed in the FreedomCAR and 21st Century Truck Partnerships. The activity consists of three activities: Propulsion Materials Technology, Lightweight Materials Technology, and the High-Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML). Fuels Technologies. The Fuels Technology subprogram supports R&D that will provide vehicle users with fuel options that are cost competitive, enable high fuel economy, deliver low emissions, and contribute to petroleum displacement. It consists of two activities: Advanced Petroleum-Based Fuels (APBF) and Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels and Lubricants (NPBFL).
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Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership TABLE C-1 Budget Appropriations, Vehicle Technology Program, Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies, Parent Agency of 21st Century Truck Partnership in U.S. Department of Energy, FY 2003 through FY 2008 Subprogram Funding (thousands of U.S. dollars) by fiscal year (FY) FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 Requesta FY 2008 Request Vehicle Systemsb 13,485 1,4335 13,004 13,056 1,3315 0 Innovative Concepts 1,590 494 500 495 500 0 Hybrid and Electric Propulsion 41,996 45,002 44,066 43,977 50,841c 80,664 Advanced Combustion Engine R&Dd 55,267 54,405 48,480 42,746 46,706 34,550 Materials Technologiese 36,094 39,744 35,922 35,269 29,786 33,382 Fuels Technologies 19,164 16,494 12,419 13,709 13,845 13,845 Technology Introduction 4,570 4,939 4,944 6,250 11,031 0 Technical/ Program Management Support 2,005 2,095 1,877 2,475 0f 0 Biennial Peer Reviewsg 0 494 0 990 0 0 Congressionally Directed Activitiesh 0 0 120 24,255 0 0 Vehicle Technology Total 174,171 178,002 161,236 182,104 166,024 176,138 aThe FY 2007 request includes funding ($4,393,000) for the Clean Cities activity previously funded in the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Activities Program, U.S. Department of Energy. bContributes both to the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and to the 21st Century Truck Partnership. cFunding requested in FY 2007 is funding for research and development on those technologies needed for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles. dResearch is conducted in collaboration with industry, national laboratories, and universities, and in conjunction with the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and the 21st Century Truck Partnership. eThis subprogram is a critical enabler for concepts developed in the FreedomCAR Fuel Partnership and the 21st Century Truck Partnerships. fBeginning with the FY 2007 request, these activities will be funded from the R&D activities that they support. gBiennial reviews of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Partnership will be conducted by an independent party such as the National Research Council, to evaluate progress and program direction. hThese are activities not requested by the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology Program, but conducted at the direction of congressional appropriations legislation. SOURCE: DOE, FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. Available at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/about/printable_versions/fcvt_budget.html. Accessed June 3, 2008. FY 2005-2008 figures from DOE, Feb. 2007, Congressional Budget Request. Vol. 3, Office of Chief Financial Officer. Doc No. DOE/CF-016. Technology Introduction. The Technology Introduction subprogram accelerates the adoption and use of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles to help meet national energy and environmental goals. This subprogram’s efforts logically follow and complement successful research and by industry and government. The primary functions of Technology Introduction include legislative and rulemaking supporting the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) alternative fuel and fleet activities; testing and evaluation of advanced technology vehicles; and advanced vehicle competitions. As identified in the National Energy Policy, consumer education and demonstration activities are critical to accelerating the use of advanced energy technologies. Technical/Program Management Support. Consistent with other U.S. Department of Energy programs under the jurisdiction of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Committees, the Energy Conservation programs provide funding for technical/program management support. This includes activities such as R&D feasibility studies; R&D option development and trade-off analyses; and technical, economic, and market evaluations of research. These activities provide important benefits directly to the Vehicle Technologies Program and are therefore an integral part of the R&D program. Biennial Peer Reviews. Biennial reviews of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Partnership will be conducted by an independent party such as the National Academy of Sciences/ National Academy of Engineering, to evaluate progress and program direction. This continuous (biennial) activity supports the President’s Management Agenda (PMA), Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART), and Research and Development Investment Criteria (R&DIC). The reviews will include evaluation of progress toward achieving the technical goals and program direction of each partnership. Based on the evaluation, resource availability, and other factors, the Partners will consider new opportunities, make adjustments to program targets, and set goals appropriately.