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Assessment of Corrosion Education Appendix D Short Courses on Corrosion Because there was such a wide range of short courses, the committee chose to present them in a tabular format so that the reader could easily learn the focus of the course, the topics it covered, the length of the course, and the organization offering it. The courses are classified as general, platform-specific, or technology-specific. The information in this appendix was gathered in a brief search during the summer of 2007 of Web sites, supplemented by input from committee members. The tables include most of the U.S. institutions offering continuing education and providing administrative, logistical, and curricular information about the corrosion-focused or corrosion-related onsite or online courses or modules they offer. The listings also include some certification courses that qualify individuals to be inspectors of products or processes or operators of platform- or technology-specific systems and equipment intended to prevent or mitigate degradation due to corrosion. Inclusion in these tables does not indicate committee endorsement of a course, nor does it attest to the quality of the instructor(s) or the technical content of the course. The information is organized into three tables: courses offered by universities (Table D-1), by professional societies (Table D-2), and by private vendors (Table D-3).
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Assessment of Corrosion Education TABLE D-1 University-Based Continuing Education School Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered General Corrosion Defense Acquisition University Corrosion awareness 100% online learning Introduction to corrosion Planning, implementation, and management Corrosion characteristics, effects, and treatment Preventing corrosion Controlling corrosion Nonmetallic material degradation Corrosion prevention and control overview scenario Examination Survey Ohio State University Advanced general corrosion Lectures and one lab, online, one quarter Fundamentals of electrochemistry Thermodynamics of corrosion Electrochemical kinetics Corrosion laboratory Corrosion phenomenology Passivity Localized corrosion Environmentally induced cracking Coatings Inhibition Cathodic protection Atmospheric corrosion Corrosion in concrete Microbially assisted corrosion North Dakota State University Advanced general corrosion 70% lecture/30% lab, on campus, 5 days, 8 hours/day Corrosion basics Thermodynamics and kinetics Polarization Passivation and inhibition Electrical impedance spectroscopy Types of corrosion Materials selection Cathodic protection Corrosion control by coatings
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Assessment of Corrosion Education School Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered NTU College of Engineering and Applied Science at Walden University General corrosion 27 lectures (75 minutes each), online with videos of experiments Electrochemical mechanism of corrosion Thermodynamics and corrosion tendency Electrode potentials and potential-pH diagram Electrochemical kinetics and corrosion rates Passivity and inhibition Theory of cathodic and anodic protection Aqueous and atmospheric corrosion Corrosion in soils, liquid metals, and fused salts Effect of mechanical stress High-temperature metal-gas reactions Materials selection Alteration of the environment Cathodic and anodic protection Metallic, inorganic and organic coatings Corrosion prediction and testing Pennsylvania State University Advanced general corrosion 70% lecture/30% lab, on campus, 5 days, 8 hours/day Corrosion thermodynamics Corrosion kinetics polarization Rate measurement techniques Passivity/localized corrosion Electrical impedance spectroscopy Scanning probe methods in evaluation Statistical analysis of data Corrosion inhibitors University of Virginia Advanced general corrosion 50% lecture and 50% lab, 5 days, 8 hours/day, on campus Introduction to corrosion Basic thermodynamics Polarization curves Passivity Pitting and crevice corrosion Test methods Resistance EI spectroscopy Cathodic protection
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Assessment of Corrosion Education School Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered Platform-Specific Oklahoma State University Pipeline 100% lecture, on campus, 2.5 days, 6 hours/day Federal regulations Pipeline integrity overview Pre- and postassessment for gas and liquid lines Direct inspection for gas and liquid lines Inline inspection Stress corrosion cracking Internal track 100% lecture, on campus, 2.5 days, 6 hours/day Federal regulations Internal corrosion mechanisms Bacteria in corrosion Laboratory and field testing Metallurgy Pigging Chemical treatment methods External track 100% lecture, on campus, 2.5 days, 6 hours/day Federal regulations Electricity for cathodic protection Introduction to corrosion and cathodic protection Rectifier fundamentals Installation of conventional and deep groundbeds Field demonstration Cathodic protection instruments University of Kansas Aircraft structure 100% lecture, on campus and onsite, 4 days Introduction to aircraft corrosion Mechanisms and types of corrosion Monitoring corrosion basics Corrosion control methods Detection and remediation Aircraft corrosion prevention and control Military specifications Corrosion prevention and control interpretations Current and future airplanes Aircraft maintenance procedures
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Assessment of Corrosion Education School Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered Technology-Specific Purdue University Underground corrosion, cathodic protection (basic) 100% lecture, on campus, 3 days Principles of basic electricity Forms of corrosion Corrosion prevention Cathodic protection, Part I Cathodic protection, Part II Cathodic protection equipment and applications, Part I Cathodic protection equipment and applications, Part II Cathodic protection monitoring Underground corrosion, cathodic protection (advanced) Cathodic protection design—Introduction Cathodic protection design—Impressed, Part I Cathodic protection design—Impressed, Part II Cathodic protection installation Soil resistivity testing for cathodic protection installation Cathodic protection design—Galvanic, Part I Cathodic protection design—Galvanic, Part II Group problem solving Underground corrosion, coatings Introduction Surface preparation Generic coating types for pipeline exteriors and interiors Coatings instrumentation Pipeline pigging Causes of coating failures Tank linings Hands-on field coating demonstration
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Assessment of Corrosion Education TABLE D-2 Continuing Education Offered by Professional Societies Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered General Corrosion ASM International General corrosion (basic) 100% lecture at ASM headquarters, 5 days Basic concepts in corrosion The electrochemical model Corrosion kinetics and driving forces Eight major forms of corrosion Corrosion of eight alloy classes Common corrosive environments Methods of corrosion control ASM General corrosion (basic) 100% lecture, 15 videotaped sessions Introduction to corrosion Basic concepts in corrosion Thermodynamics: Potential–pH diagrams Kinetics of corrosion: Polarization Eight forms of corrosion: Uniform, pitting, concentration cell Eight forms of corrosion: Galvanic, stress corrosion cracking Eight forms of corrosion: Erosion-corrosion, intergranular, dealloying Corrosion testing and monitoring Electrochemical test methods General material considerations and applications to ferrous alloys Nonferrous and nonmetallic materials Corrosive environments Economics and failure analysis Methods of control: related to coatings ASM Wear and corrosion 100% lecture at ASM headquarters, 5 days Introduction Wear mechanisms Corrosion mechanisms Designing materials to match the environment Lubrication, friction, and wear testing Advanced materials design for wear and corrosion Repair strategies to optimize uptime ASCE Corrosion prevention and control DVD, 3 hours Scientific principles of corrosion Types of corrosion Practical methods for corrosion prevention
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered NACE Corrosion basics Lectures and labs, 5 days Basics of electrochemistry Types of environments Engineering materials Forms of corrosion Corrosion control and prevention methods Testing and monitoring techniques NACE Basic corrosion (on CD ROM) Distance learning, self-guided, eight chapters of text, two case studies, two simulated experiments, four quizzes Basics of electrochemistry Types of environments Engineering materials Forms of corrosion Corrosion control and prevention methods Testing and monitoring techniques Platform-Specific NACE Refining industry Lectures and labs, 5 days Refinery corrosion Materials for refinery applications Refinery operations and corrosion Refinery units/processes Corrosion monitoring in refineries NACE Pipelines Lectures and labs, 5 days Corrosion theory Types and mechanisms of corrosion Identification of corrosion mechanisms Investigation of pipes/components Internal corrosion mitigation Internal corrosion integrity management NACE Offshore Lectures and labs, 5 days Corrosion and corrosion control Protective coatings systems Splash-zone systems Cathodic protection systems Regulatory issues Corrosion prevention maintenance programs Facility breakdown Condition grading systems Data collection and management systems Assessment standards Safety In-service evaluation equipment Inspection planning
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered NACE Shipboard corrosion Lectures and labs, 5 days Visual assessment exercise Corrosion theory Corrosion control Cathodic protection Protective coatings and linings Corrosion resistant materials Safety Corrosion protection system evaluation Evaluation tools and equipment Society of Automotive Engineers Automotive industry 100% lecture, onsite, 2 days Insight into corrosion Underlying causes of corrosion Potential solutions for design and specific metal structures Types of corrosion Galvanic corrosion (dissimilar metals) Concentration cell corrosion Crevice corrosion Stress corrosion Corrosion-assisted fatigue Transportation vehicle design: Corrosion case histories Certification Courses NACE Coating inspector program #1 6 days Coatings introduction Curing mechanisms Role of the inspector Environmental test instruments Inspection procedures Nondestructive test instruments Coatings specifications Documentation Surface preparation and standards Application procedures Coating failures Field lab Documentation Nondestructive test and inspection
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered NACE Coating inspector program #2 6 days Dehumidification Centrifugal blast cleaning WaterJetting Coating types and inspection criteria Hot-dip galvanizing Spray metalizing Concrete and cementitious surfaces Pipeline coatings Specialized application equipment Inspection instruments lab Laboratory instruments and test methods Coating survey techniques Cathodic protection Technology-Specific NACE Cathodic protection interference Effects of stray current, A/C voltage, and telluric currents on metallic structures Detecting stray current, A/C interference and telluric current Deleterious effects of A/C and D/C interference Predicting A/C interference
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Assessment of Corrosion Education TABLE D-3 Corrosion Courses Offered by Private Vendors Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered General Corrosion Corrosion College General corrosion Short course Introduction Corrosion engineering: Fighting corrosion loss and damage Theory of corrosion Corrosion prevention methodology Plant operations and relevance to corrosion Applications: Consequences of real-world corrosion Corrosion prevention: Installation tools CTC/U.S. Army Corrosion Office Basic corrosion control Online Introduction to corrosion Why corrosion occurs Corrosion of specific metals Forms of corrosion Ways to control corrosion Preventive techniques Training Technology, Inc. Corrosion control 100% lecture, Las Vegas or onsite, 2-3 days Introduction Corrosion basics Forms of corrosion Methods for corrosion control Identification and analysis of corrosion Metallic materials performance Nonmetallic materials performance Platform-Specific Appalachian Underground Corrosion Pipeline (basic) 100% lecture, onsite, 2.5 days, 6 hours/day Fundamentals of corrosion Basic corrosion math Introduction to cathodic protection Pipeline electrical isolation methods Introduction to pipeline coatings Pipeline locating Potential measurements Common mistakes in cathodic protection readings Clinic: Instrumentation and measurement
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered Appalachian Underground Corrosion (continued) Pipeline (intermediate) Corrosion cells in action Installation of galvanic anodes Installation of impressed current cathodic protection systems Criteria for cathodic protection Corrosion control for pipelines Impressed current interface testing Troubleshooting in cathodic protection systems Rectifier maintenance Pipeline (advanced) Pipe-to-soil and surface potential analysis Materials for cathodic protection Evaluation of aboveground coating assessment techniques Stray current analysis Design of impressed current galvanic protection Design of galvanic cathodic protection Introduction to microbial protection Coatings Introduction Surface preparation Generic types of coatings: Pipelines, exterior and interior Coatings instrumentation Pipeline pigging Coating failure causes Tank linings Hands-on field coatings demonstration Water and wastewater Underground corrosion in water and wastewater Water quality issues for internal corrosion Evaluating existing ductile iron pipe Corrosion protection by coatings in water and wastewater Corrosion control methods that extend life of existing pipeline Economics of cathodic protection External corrosion comparison: Steel and ductile iron pipe Corrosion control monitoring for water systems Facilities Protecting existing prestressed concrete cylinder pipe Instrumentation and measurement
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered Corrosion Clinic Military equipment Lecture, onsite and distance learning, 2 days Corrosion in the defense industry Basic concepts in corrosion The nature of military service environment Different forms of corrosion in military equipment and systems Materials and processes for corrosion control and prevention Automotive systems Lecture, onsite and distance learning, 2 days Corrosion basics Forms of corrosion encountered in automotive systems Precoated steel for automotive systems Paint systems for automotive systems Topcoats in automotive systems Corrosion in different automotive components Design considerations in automotive systems Corrosion testing in automotive systems Center for Professional Advancement Oil and gas industry Lecture/workshop, onsite, 4 days Corrosion management Types of corrosion Corrosion control materials Corrosion monitoring and inspection Corrosion failure and analysis “Corrosion database” demonstration Corrosion Courses Oil and gas industry Lecture/workshop, onsite, 3 days Introduction to corrosion in the oil and gas industry Introduction to electrochemistry Thermodynamics of corrosion Kinetics of corrosion Corrosion testing Oil/gas corrosion Corrosion phenemonology Corrosion control Special environments
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered PetroSkills, LLC Oil and gas production Lecture/workshop, onsite, 5 days Oil and gas facility corrosion Corrosion-resistant metals for oil and gas facilities Materials selection and control strategy for internal corrosion External conditions effecting corrosion Materials and coatings selection process Chemical inhibition selection process Monitoring methods and applications for corrosion of facilities Life-cycle considerations with reliability/availability impacts Western States Corrosion Seminar Advanced corrosion Introduction to corrosion chemistry and corrosion cells Theory and applications of internal corrosion monitoring Materials and their role in corrosion prevention Corrosion control of concrete pressure pipe Corrosion monitoring and remote monitoring methods Screening corroded piping systems using long-range ultrasound Coating failures—Causes and avoidance Underwater photo inspection of coatings and other control systems Use and misuse of galvanic anodes Technology-Specific Corrosion Clinic Materials selection Lecture and lab, onsite and distance learning, 3 days Corrosion and society Basic concepts in corrosion Different forms of corrosion: Mechanisms, recognition, and prevention Corrosion resistance of common metals and alloys Design against corrosion
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Assessment of Corrosion Education Organization Focus Format, Location, Length Topics Covered Western States Corrosion Seminars Fundamentals Introduction to corrosion chemistry and corrosion cells Fundamentals of electricity and corrosion Fundamentals of cathodic protection Cathodic protection demonstration Cathodic protection interference causes Basic cathodic protection instruments and testing techniques Cathodic protection design for sacrificial and impressed current Use and misuse of permanent reference electrodes Fundamentals of protective coatings Intermediate Introduction to corrosion chemistry and corrosion cells Forms of corrosion Introduction to corrosion control design Design and installation of deep anode groundbeds Understanding soil corrosivity Cathodic protection rectifier troubleshooting Coatings inspection Decoupling and overvoltage protection on cathodic protection structures Construction problems with some cathodic protection designs Rectifier Theory and operation, basic cathodic protection Rectifier component design and operation Shunts Special-purpose rectifiers and their use Wiring diagrams and schematics Rectifier and cathodic protection system efficiencies and improvements General rectifier maintenance and repairs Hands-on troubleshooting