Appendix D
Short Courses on Corrosion

Because there was such a wide range of short courses, the committee chose to present them in a tabular format so that the reader could easily learn the focus of the course, the topics it covered, the length of the course, and the organization offering it. The courses are classified as general, platform-specific, or technology-specific.

The information in this appendix was gathered in a brief search during the summer of 2007 of Web sites, supplemented by input from committee members. The tables include most of the U.S. institutions offering continuing education and providing administrative, logistical, and curricular information about the corrosion-focused or corrosion-related onsite or online courses or modules they offer. The listings also include some certification courses that qualify individuals to be inspectors of products or processes or operators of platform- or technology-specific systems and equipment intended to prevent or mitigate degradation due to corrosion. Inclusion in these tables does not indicate committee endorsement of a course, nor does it attest to the quality of the instructor(s) or the technical content of the course.

The information is organized into three tables: courses offered by universities (Table D-1), by professional societies (Table D-2), and by private vendors (Table D-3).



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Appendix D Short Courses on Corrosion Because there was such a wide range of short courses, the committee chose to present them in a tabular format so that the reader could easily learn the focus of the course, the topics it covered, the length of the course, and the organization offering it. The courses are classified as general, platform-specific, or technology-specific. The information in this appendix was gathered in a brief search during the summer of 2007 of Web sites, supplemented by input from committee members. The tables include most of the U.S. institutions offering continuing education and providing administrative, logistical, and curricular information about the corrosion-focused or corrosion-related onsite or online courses or modules they offer. The listings also include some certification courses that qualify individuals to be inspectors of products or processes or operators of platform- or technology- specific systems and equipment intended to prevent or mitigate degradation due to corrosion. Inclusion in these tables does not indicate committee endorsement of a course, nor does it attest to the quality of the instructor(s) or the technical content of the course. The information is organized into three tables: courses offered by universi- ties (Table D-1), by professional societies (Table D-2), and by private vendors (Table D-3). 12

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aPPendix d 1 TABLE D-1 University-Based Continuing Education Format, Location, School Focus Length Topics Covered General Corrosion Defense Acquisition Corrosion 100% online Introduction to corrosion University awareness learning Planning, implementation, and management Corrosion characteristics, effects, and treatment Preventing corrosion Controlling corrosion Nonmetallic material degradation Corrosion prevention and control overview scenario Examination Survey Ohio State University Advanced Lectures and Fundamentals of electrochemistry general one lab, Thermodynamics of corrosion corrosion online, Electrochemical kinetics one quarter Corrosion laboratory Corrosion phenomenology Passivity Localized corrosion Environmentally induced cracking Coatings Inhibition Cathodic protection Atmospheric corrosion Corrosion in concrete Microbially assisted corrosion North Dakota State Advanced 70% lecture/ Corrosion basics University general 30% lab, Thermodynamics and kinetics corrosion on campus, Polarization 5 days, Passivation and inhibition 8 hours/day Electrical impedance spectroscopy Types of corrosion Materials selection Cathodic protection Corrosion control by coatings continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 1 of TABLE D-1 Continued Format, Location, School Focus Length Topics Covered NTU College of General 27 lectures Electrochemical mechanism of corrosion Engineering and corrosion (75 minutes Thermodynamics and corrosion tendency Applied Science at each), Electrode potentials and potential-pH Walden University online with diagram videos of Electrochemical kinetics and corrosion experiments rates Passivity and inhibition Theory of cathodic and anodic protection Aqueous and atmospheric corrosion Corrosion in soils, liquid metals, and fused salts Effect of mechanical stress High-temperature metal-gas reactions Materials selection Alteration of the environment Cathodic and anodic protection Metallic, inorganic and organic coatings Corrosion prediction and testing Pennsylvania State Advanced 70% lecture/ Corrosion thermodynamics University general 30% lab, Corrosion kinetics polarization corrosion on campus, Rate measurement techniques 5 days, Passivity/localized corrosion 8 hours/day Electrical impedance spectroscopy Scanning probe methods in evaluation Statistical analysis of data Corrosion inhibitors University of Virginia Advanced 50% lecture and Introduction to corrosion general 50% lab, Basic thermodynamics corrosion 5 days, 8 Polarization curves hours/day, Passivity on campus Pitting and crevice corrosion Test methods Resistance EI spectroscopy Cathodic protection

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aPPendix d 1 TABLE D-1 Format, Location, School Focus Length Topics Covered Platform-Specific Oklahoma State Pipeline 100% lecture, Federal regulations University on campus, Pipeline integrity overview 2.5 days, Pre- and postassessment for gas and 6 hours/day liquid lines Direct inspection for gas and liquid lines Inline inspection Stress corrosion cracking Internal track 100% lecture, Federal regulations on campus, Internal corrosion mechanisms 2.5 days, Bacteria in corrosion 6 hours/day Laboratory and field testing Metallurgy Pigging Chemical treatment methods External track 100% lecture, Federal regulations on campus, Electricity for cathodic protection 2.5 days, Introduction to corrosion and cathodic 6 hours/day protection Rectifier fundamentals Installation of conventional and deep groundbeds Field demonstration Cathodic protection instruments University of Kansas Aircraft 100% lecture, Introduction to aircraft corrosion structure on campus Mechanisms and types of corrosion and onsite, Monitoring corrosion basics 4 days Corrosion control methods Detection and remediation Aircraft corrosion prevention and control Military specifications Corrosion prevention and control interpretations Current and future airplanes Aircraft maintenance procedures continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 1 of TABLE D-1 Continued Format, Location, School Focus Length Topics Covered Technology-Specific Purdue University Underground 100% lecture, Principles of basic electricity corrosion, on campus, Forms of corrosion cathodic 3 days Corrosion prevention protection Cathodic protection, Part I (basic) Cathodic protection, Part II Cathodic protection equipment and applications, Part I Cathodic protection equipment and applications, Part II Cathodic protection monitoring Underground Cathodic protection design—Introduction corrosion, Cathodic protection design—Impressed, cathodic Part I protection Cathodic protection design—Impressed, (advanced) Part II Cathodic protection installation Soil resistivity testing for cathodic protection installation Cathodic protection design—Galvanic, Part I Cathodic protection design—Galvanic, Part II Group problem solving Underground Introduction corrosion, Surface preparation coatings Generic coating types for pipeline exteriors and interiors Coatings instrumentation Pipeline pigging Causes of coating failures Tank linings Hands-on field coating demonstration

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aPPendix d 17 TABLE D-2 Continuing Education Offered by Professional Societies Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered General Corrosion ASM International General 100% lecture Basic concepts in corrosion corrosion at ASM The electrochemical model (basic) headquarters, Corrosion kinetics and driving forces 5 days Eight major forms of corrosion Corrosion of eight alloy classes Common corrosive environments Methods of corrosion control ASM General 100% lecture, Introduction to corrosion corrosion 15 videotaped Basic concepts in corrosion (basic) sessions Thermodynamics: Potential–pH diagrams Kinetics of corrosion: Polarization Eight forms of corrosion: Uniform, pitting, concentration cell Eight forms of corrosion: Galvanic, stress corrosion cracking Eight forms of corrosion: Erosion- corrosion, intergranular, dealloying Corrosion testing and monitoring Electrochemical test methods General material considerations and applications to ferrous alloys Nonferrous and nonmetallic materials Corrosive environments Economics and failure analysis Methods of control: related to coatings ASM Wear and 100% lecture Introduction corrosion at ASM Wear mechanisms headquarters, Corrosion mechanisms 5 days Designing materials to match the environment Lubrication, friction, and wear testing Advanced materials design for wear and corrosion Repair strategies to optimize uptime ASCE Corrosion DVD, Scientific principles of corrosion prevention and 3 hours Types of corrosion control Practical methods for corrosion prevention continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 1 of TABLE D-2 Continued Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered NACE Corrosion Lectures and Basics of electrochemistry basics labs, Types of environments 5 days Engineering materials Forms of corrosion Corrosion control and prevention methods Testing and monitoring techniques NACE Basic corrosion Distance Basics of electrochemistry (on CD ROM) learning, Types of environments self-guided, Engineering materials eight chapters Forms of corrosion of text, Corrosion control and prevention methods two case Testing and monitoring techniques studies, two simulated experiments, four quizzes Platform-Specific NACE Refining Lectures and Refinery corrosion industry labs, Materials for refinery applications 5 days Refinery operations and corrosion Refinery units/processes Corrosion monitoring in refineries NACE Pipelines Lectures and Corrosion theory labs, Types and mechanisms of corrosion 5 days Identification of corrosion mechanisms Investigation of pipes/components Internal corrosion mitigation Internal corrosion integrity management NACE Offshore Lectures and Corrosion and corrosion control labs, Protective coatings systems 5 days Splash-zone systems Cathodic protection systems Regulatory issues Corrosion prevention maintenance programs Facility breakdown Condition grading systems Data collection and management systems Assessment standards Safety In-service evaluation equipment Inspection planning

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aPPendix d 1 TABLE D-2 Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered NACE Shipboard Lectures and Visual assessment exercise corrosion labs, Corrosion theory 5 days Corrosion control Cathodic protection Protective coatings and linings Corrosion resistant materials Safety Corrosion protection system evaluation Evaluation tools and equipment Society of Automotive Automotive 100% lecture, Insight into corrosion Engineers industry onsite, Underlying causes of corrosion 2 days Potential solutions for design and specific metal structures Types of corrosion Galvanic corrosion (dissimilar metals) Concentration cell corrosion Crevice corrosion Stress corrosion Corrosion-assisted fatigue Transportation vehicle design: Corrosion case histories Certification Courses NACE Coating 6 days Coatings introduction inspector Curing mechanisms program #1 Role of the inspector Environmental test instruments Inspection procedures Nondestructive test instruments Coatings specifications Documentation Surface preparation and standards Application procedures Coating failures Field lab Documentation Nondestructive test and inspection continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 10 of TABLE D-2 Continued Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered NACE Coating 6 days Dehumidification inspector Centrifugal blast cleaning program #2 WaterJetting Coating types and inspection criteria Hot-dip galvanizing Spray metalizing Concrete and cementitious surfaces Pipeline coatings Specialized application equipment Inspection instruments lab Laboratory instruments and test methods Coating survey techniques Cathodic protection Technology-Specific NACE Cathodic Effects of stray current, A/C voltage, and protection telluric currents on metallic structures interference Detecting stray current, A/C interference and telluric current Deleterious effects of A/C and D/C interference Predicting A/C interference

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aPPendix d 11 TABLE D-3 Corrosion Courses Offered by Private Vendors Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered General Corrosion Corrosion College General Short course Introduction corrosion Corrosion engineering: Fighting corrosion loss and damage Theory of corrosion Corrosion prevention methodology Plant operations and relevance to corrosion Applications: Consequences of real-world corrosion Corrosion prevention: Installation tools CTC/U.S. Army Basic Online Introduction to corrosion Corrosion Office corrosion Why corrosion occurs control Corrosion of specific metals Forms of corrosion Ways to control corrosion Preventive techniques Training Technology, Corrosion 100% lecture, Introduction Inc. control Las Vegas or Corrosion basics onsite, Forms of corrosion 2-3 days Methods for corrosion control Identification and analysis of corrosion Metallic materials performance Nonmetallic materials performance Platform-Specific Appalachian Pipeline 100% lecture, Fundamentals of corrosion Underground (basic) onsite, Basic corrosion math Corrosion 2.5 days, Introduction to cathodic protection 6 hours/day Pipeline electrical isolation methods Introduction to pipeline coatings Pipeline locating Potential measurements Common mistakes in cathodic protection readings Clinic: Instrumentation and measurement continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 12 of TABLE D-3 Continued Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered Appalachian Pipeline Corrosion cells in action Underground (intermediate) Installation of galvanic anodes Corrosion Installation of impressed current cathodic (continued) protection systems Criteria for cathodic protection Corrosion control for pipelines Impressed current interface testing Troubleshooting in cathodic protection systems Rectifier maintenance Pipeline Pipe-to-soil and surface potential analysis (advanced) Materials for cathodic protection Evaluation of aboveground coating assessment techniques Stray current analysis Design of impressed current galvanic protection Design of galvanic cathodic protection Introduction to microbial protection Coatings Introduction Surface preparation Generic types of coatings: Pipelines, exterior and interior Coatings instrumentation Pipeline pigging Coating failure causes Tank linings Hands-on field coatings demonstration Water and Underground corrosion in water and wastewater wastewater Water quality issues for internal corrosion Evaluating existing ductile iron pipe Corrosion protection by coatings in water and wastewater Corrosion control methods that extend life of existing pipeline Economics of cathodic protection External corrosion comparison: Steel and ductile iron pipe Corrosion control monitoring for water systems Facilities Protecting existing prestressed concrete cylinder pipe Instrumentation and measurement

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aPPendix d 1 TABLE D-3 Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered Corrosion Clinic Military Lecture, Corrosion in the defense industry equipment onsite and Basic concepts in corrosion distance The nature of military service environment learning, Different forms of corrosion in military 2 days equipment and systems Materials and processes for corrosion control and prevention Automotive Lecture, Corrosion basics systems onsite and Forms of corrosion encountered in distance automotive systems learning, Precoated steel for automotive systems 2 days Paint systems for automotive systems Topcoats in automotive systems Corrosion in different automotive components Design considerations in automotive systems Corrosion testing in automotive systems Center for Oil and gas Lecture/ Corrosion management Professional industry workshop, Types of corrosion Advancement onsite, Corrosion control materials 4 days Corrosion monitoring and inspection Corrosion failure and analysis “Corrosion database” demonstration Corrosion Courses Oil and gas Lecture/ Introduction to corrosion in the oil and gas industry workshop, industry onsite, Introduction to electrochemistry 3 days Thermodynamics of corrosion Kinetics of corrosion Corrosion testing Oil/gas corrosion Corrosion phenemonology Corrosion control Special environments continues

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assessment c o r ro s i o n e d u c at i o n 1 of TABLE D-3 Continued Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered PetroSkills, LLC Oil and gas Lecture/ Oil and gas facility corrosion production workshop, Corrosion-resistant metals for oil and gas onsite, facilities 5 days Materials selection and control strategy for internal corrosion External conditions effecting corrosion Materials and coatings selection process Chemical inhibition selection process Monitoring methods and applications for corrosion of facilities Life-cycle considerations with reliability/ availability impacts Western States Advanced Introduction to corrosion chemistry and Corrosion Seminar corrosion corrosion cells Theory and applications of internal corrosion monitoring Materials and their role in corrosion prevention Corrosion control of concrete pressure pipe Corrosion monitoring and remote monitoring methods Screening corroded piping systems using long-range ultrasound Coating failures—Causes and avoidance Underwater photo inspection of coatings and other control systems Use and misuse of galvanic anodes Technology-Specific Corrosion Clinic Materials Lecture and lab, Corrosion and society selection onsite and Basic concepts in corrosion distance Different forms of corrosion: Mechanisms, learning, recognition, and prevention 3 days Corrosion resistance of common metals and alloys Design against corrosion

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aPPendix d 1 TABLE D-3 Format, Location, Organization Focus Length Topics Covered Western States Fundamentals Introduction to corrosion chemistry and Corrosion Seminars corrosion cells Fundamentals of electricity and corrosion Fundamentals of cathodic protection Cathodic protection demonstration Cathodic protection interference causes Basic cathodic protection instruments and testing techniques Cathodic protection design for sacrificial and impressed current Use and misuse of permanent reference electrodes Fundamentals of protective coatings Intermediate Introduction to corrosion chemistry and corrosion cells Forms of corrosion Introduction to corrosion control design Design and installation of deep anode groundbeds Understanding soil corrosivity Cathodic protection rectifier troubleshooting Coatings inspection Decoupling and overvoltage protection on cathodic protection structures Construction problems with some cathodic protection designs Rectifier Theory and operation, basic cathodic protection Rectifier component design and operation Shunts Special-purpose rectifiers and their use Wiring diagrams and schematics Rectifier and cathodic protection system efficiencies and improvements General rectifier maintenance and repairs Hands-on troubleshooting