Population and Demographics


Interventions Targeted to Parent–Child Relationship or Parenting Skills

Interaction Coaching for At-risk Parents (ICAP)

Coached behavioral intervention to promote maternal-infant responsiveness as an addition to home visiting services

Horowitz et al. (2001)

Mothers with depressive symptoms (EPDS ≥ 10) and their infants

Home visitation



n = 117

Age (mothers): 31 (mean); 17–41 (range)

Age (children): 4–8 weeks (range)


68.9% European American or White

7.4% African American or Black

7.4% Latina or Hispanic

7.4% Mixed background

4% Other

3.3% Asian or Pacific Islander

1.6% Native American

SES: Mixed

Single-parent: Not reported

Excluded: Not reported



Three home visits took place between ages 4–18 weeks



Mother-baby interaction

Mother-baby intervention delivered by master’s-level home visitors with training in prevention or health education

Van Doesum et al. (2008)

Depressed mothers receiving outpatient treatment and their infant children

Home visitation



n = 71

Age (mothers): 30 years (mean)

Age (children): 5.5 months (mean); 1–12 months (range)


85% Dutch (Caucasian)

11% Other (Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese, Portuguese, Australian)

SES: Mixed

Single-parent: 8%

Excluded: Psychotic disorder; manic depression; substance dependence



Program components: modeling of parenting; cognitive restructuring; practical pedagogical support; and infant massage




8–10 home visits lasting 60–90 minutes on average



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