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Appendix B Acronyms AI autoinducer AMD acid mine drainage BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy Bt Bacillus thuringiensis CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CGEPs cellular genes exploited by pathogens CISAC Committee on International Security and Arms Control CPV canine parvovirus CRISPR clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DOE Department of Energy DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency EID emerging infectious disease ESCRT endosomal sorting complexes required for transport EST expressed sequence tag FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FASEB Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology FEMS Federation of European Microbiological Societies FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization 

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 MICROBIAL EVOLUTION AND CO-ADAPTATION FPV feline panleukopenia virus GEBA Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea GI gastrointestinal GSV gene search vector HIV human immunodeficiency virus HPS Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome HPSD-18 Homeland Security Presidential Directive-18 HTLV human T-cell lymphoma virus IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America IHR International Health Regulations IOM Institute of Medicine JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association JID Journal of Infectious Diseases LPS lipopolysaccharide MAMP microbe-associated molecular pattern MCP methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein MDR multidrug resistant MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCID National Center for Infectious Diseases NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NiV Nipah virus NLM National Library of Medicine NSF National Science Foundation NTS non-typhoidal salmonellosis OR odds ratio ORF open reading frame OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PCR polymerase chain reaction PGN peptidoglycan PIGT proteomic-inferred genome typing

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 APPENDIX B ProMED Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases QS quorum sensing RHKO random homozygous knockout RSV Rous sarcoma virus SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SNP single nucleotide polymorphism TB tuberculosis TIGR The Institute for Genomic Research VISA vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus VRSA vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus WHO World Health Organization WNV West Nile virus WWTP wastewater treatment plant XDR extensively drug resistant