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SUMMARY OF PROPOSALS ON ASSURANCES OF NUCLEAR FUEL SUPPLY

Following publication of an IAEA report on multilateral nuclear approaches in February 2005, there have been more than a dozen (13) proposals made so far, which are largely complementary.143

Existing Proposals and Initiatives on Assurances of Supply of Nuclear Fuel144

 

Title

Country/Organization

Date

1.

Reserve of Nuclear Fuel (low-enriched uranium [LEU] downblended from 17.4t highly enriched uranium [HEU])

US

September 2005

2.

Creation of a System of International Centers Providing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Services, Including Enrichment

Russian Federation

January 2006

3.

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

US

February 2006

4.

Ensuring Security of Supply in the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle (Assurance-in-Depth Concept)

World Nuclear Association (WNA)

May 2006

5.

Concept for a Multilateral Mechanism for Reliable Access to Nuclear Fuel (RANF) – the Six Nation Proposal

France, Germany, Netherlands, Russian Federation, UK, U.S.

June 2006

6.

IAEA Nuclear Fuel Bank

Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)

September 2006

7.

IAEA Standby Arrangements System for the Assurance of Nuclear Fuel Supply

Japan

September 2006

8.

Multilateralizing the NFC -(Extraterritorial) International Uranium Enrichment Centre (Sanctuary)

Germany

May 2007

9.

Multilateralizing the NFC

Austria

May 2007

10.

International Uranium Enrichment Centre in Angarsk (IUEC)

Russian Federation

June 2007

11.

Governmental LEU Stock in Angarsk

Russian Federation

June 2007

12.

Enrichment Bonds (government commitments)

UK

June 2007

13.

European Union (EU) Non-paper on the NFC

EU

June 2007

143

“Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Expert Group Report submitted to the Director General of the IAEA,” available at http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Infcircs/2005/infcirc640.pdf; accessed April 6, 2008.

144

For additional information, see IAEA, “12 Proposals on the Table,” available at http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull492/art13-subart1.pdf; accessed July 13, 2008.



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