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Moreover, it is obvious that this position might be utilized for virtually all questions brought to light at past seminars and set forth in Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop.223 It was noted therein that “(b)arriers and impediments to cooperation take many forms, but the impediments identified within the workshop can be understood in terms of six kinds of issues: 1) political issues, 2) legal issues, 3) issues related to scientific and technical cooperation, 4) issues related to program organization and management, 5) issues related to the legacy of the Cold War mentality, and 6) funding issues.”224

An attempt has been made in this paper to address only two types of issues named above: (4) organization and management issues, and (6) funding issues.

PRIOR HISTORY OF THE ISSUE: CONTENT AND FAVORABLE EXPERIENCES OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSHIPS

The necessity of developing public-private partnerships in our country is supported by the Addresses of Russian Federation President Vladimir V. Putin to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, and in his speech at the XIV Congress of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (2004).225 The Chairman of the Russian Government has on many occasions declared the necessity to develop public-private partnerships as an effective mechanism for achieving government objectives. The development of this kind of partnership has also been given consideration in a variety of government documents and programs.226 In addition, numerous dissertations have been written and defended on this very subject.227

However, despite the fact that both government and business place high hopes on public-private partnerships, viewing them as important tools for increasing national (and regional) competition, the development of mechanisms for public-private partnership in Russian practice is moving ahead at an extremely slow pace. The failure to resolve a number of methodological issues concerning the transition to partnership relations between government and business, the absence of the experience necessary for such partnerships, the lack of sufficient legislative and regulatory bases on all levels, and bureaucratic impediments hamper the establishment of PPP in the Russian Federation. Moreover, even the question of terminology remains open.

Public-private partnerships are a comparatively new phenomenon in the political and management practices of the new Russia. Various aspects of the essence of this concept, as well as processes for the development of technology for the operation of public-private partnerships

223

Joint National Academies’ – Russian Academy of Sciences’ Committees on U.S-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop, (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2004). The full text of the report is available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10928; accessed April 6, 2008.

224

Ibid, p. 23.

225

Materials of the XIV Congress of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (2004). For further information, see www.atiso.ru/content_files/doc/soisk/Xardinoj.doc, accessed May 26, 2008.

226

Federal Law “On Concession Agreements,” No. 115, of July 21, 2005. For further information, see www.government.ru/content/ and http://govportal.garant.ru; accessed July 13, 2008.

227

For furthermore information, see http://www.atiso.ru/content_files/docs/soisk/Xardinoj.doc; http://www.RosenkovDA.doc; and http://www.mesheryakova.pdf.



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