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Acknowledging the importance of the provision of nuclear fuel supply assurances under the auspices of the IAEA;


Acknowledging the need for measures for the physical protection of nuclear material and facilities and affirming compliance with the obligations set forth in the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material of October 26, 1979, to which the United States of America and the Russian Federation are parties;


Expressing a firm commitment to strengthening the international regime of nuclear non-proliferation and IAEA safeguards;


Noting the need to establish conditions governing the transfer for peaceful purposes of nuclear material, relevant equipment and technologies between the United States of America and the Russian Federation that avoid interference in the civilian nuclear programs of the United States of America and the Russian Federation;


Mindful that peaceful nuclear activities must be undertaken taking into account the need to ensure protection of the international population and environment from radioactive, chemical and thermal contamination;


Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1

For the purposes of this Agreement, the terms listed below shall have the following meanings:

  1. “Component” means a component part of equipment or other item so designated by agreement of the competent authorities of the Parties;

  2. “Equipment” means any reactor, other than one designed or used primarily for the production of plutonium or uranium-233, or any other item so designated by agreement of the competent authorities of the Parties. “Reactor” means any apparatus, other than a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device, in which a self-sustaining fission chain reaction is maintained. The phrase “designed or used primarily for the production of plutonium or uranium-233” shall not apply to breeder reactors that do not produce nuclear material for use in nuclear explosive devices, nor with respect to reactors primarily used for the production of plutonium-238;

  3. “High enriched uranium” means uranium enriched to twenty percent or greater in the isotope uranium-235;

  4. “Information” means scientific, commercial or technical data or information in any form that are appropriately designated by agreement of the competent authorities of the Parties to be provided or exchanged under this Agreement;

  5. “Low enriched uranium” means uranium containing less than twenty percent of the isotope uranium-235, but more than the content ofuranium-235 in natural uranium;



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