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Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
PhRMA code specifies that company policies should provide a cap on the total annual amount that it will pay a speaker and address the “appropriate number of engagements for any particular speaker over time” (p. 10).
Medical Schools and Residency Programs
Policies on Relationships with Industry
This chapter has documented the extensive relationships that exist between industry and medical institutions, faculty, students, and residents and the concerns that have been raised about the risks that these relationships pose to the basic educational missions of academic medical centers and the lack of benefits from such relationships, such as those that support academic-industry collaborations in medical research. It has cited research indicating that even small gifts can be influential and has reviewed the recommendations of organizations such as AAMC and PhRMA. The committee concluded that it is time for medical schools to end a number of long-accepted relationships and practices that create conflicts of interest, threaten the integrity of their missions and their reputations, and put public trust in jeopardy. The risks are substantial and are not offset by meaningful benefits.
RECOMMENDATION 5.1 For all faculty, students, residents, and fellows and for all associated training sites, academic medical centers andteaching hospitals should adopt and implement policies that prohibit
the acceptance of items of material value from pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotechnology companies, except in specifiedsituations;
educational presentations or scientific publications that are controlled by industry or that contain substantial portions written bysomeone who is not identified as an author or who is not properlyacknowledged;
consulting arrangements that are not based on written contractsfor expert services to be paid for at fair market value;
access by drug and medical device sales representatives, exceptby faculty invitation, in accordance with institutional policies, in certain specified situations for training, patient safety, or the evaluation ofmedical devices; and
the use of drug samples, except in specified situations for patients who lack financial access to medications.