Kindy, K., and D. Keating. 2008. Problems plague U.S. flex-fuel fleet: Most government-bought vehicles still use standard gas. Washington Post, November 23. Available at Accessed February 9, 2009.

Melaina, M., and J. Bremson. 2008. Refueling availability for alternative fuel vehicle markets: Sufficient urban station coverage. Energy Policy 36:3223-3231.

Morrow, W.R., W. Michael Griffin, and H. Scott Matthews. 2006. Modeling switchgrass derived cellulosic ethanol distribution in the United States. Environmental Science Technology 40:2877-2886.

NBB (National Biodiesel Board). 2007. National Biodiesel Board Annual Report 2007. Jefferson City, Mo.: NBB.

NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 2008. Cost of Adding E85 Fueling Capacity to Existing Gasoline Stations: NREL Survey and Literature Search. Golden, Colo.: NREL.

Reynolds, R.E. 2002. Infrastructure Requirements for an Expanded Fuel Ethanol Industry. South Bend, Ind.: Downstream Alternatives.

RFA (Renewable Fuels Association). 2008. Changing the Climate: 2008 Ethanol Industry Outlook. Washington, D.C.: RFA.

U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Population Profile of the United States. Available at Accessed October 10, 2008.

USDA-AMS (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service). 2007. USDA Ethanol Transportation Backgrounder. Available at Accessed October 13, 2008.

West, B.H., A. Lopez, T. Theiss, R. Graves, J. Storey, and S.A. Lewis, Sr. 2007. Fuel economy and emissions of the ethanol optimized Saab 9-5 biopower. In Society of Automotive Engineers Powertrain and Fluids Meeting, Chicago, Ill.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement