TABLE H.1 Estimated Costs of Harvest and Maintenance for Cellulosic Feedstocks

Type of Feedstock

Type of Cost

Cost per Ton (cited $)

Cost per Ton (2007$)

Reference

Corn stover

Baling, stacking, grinding

26

45

Hess et al. (2007)

Corn stover

Collection

31–36

66–77

McAloon et al. (2000)

Corn stover

Collection

35–46

64–84

McAloon et al. (2000)

Corn stover

Collection

17.70

17.70

R. Perlack, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, presentation to the committee on November 19, 2007

Corn stover

Up to storage

20–21

36–39

Sokhansanj and Turhollow (2002)

Corn stover

 

28

36

Suzuki (2006)

Corn stover

Baling, staging

26

47

Aden et al. (2002)

Corn stover

Harvest

14

14

Edwards (2007)

Switchgrass

Collection

12–22

16–28

Kumar and Sokhansanj (2007)

Switchgrass

Harvest

32

32

Duffy (2007)

Switchgrass

Harvest

35

58

Khanna et al. (2008)

Switchgrass

Harvest, maintenance, establishment

123.5/acre

210/acre

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Switchgrass

Harvest

15

26

Perrin et al. (2008)

Miscanthus

Harvest

33

54

Khanna et al. (2008)

Miscanthus

Harvest, maintenance, establishment

301/acre

512/acre

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Nonspecific

 

10–30

15–45

Mapemba et al. (2007)

Nonspecific

 

23

38

Mapemba et al. (2008)

Note: Harvest and maintenance costs were updated by using USDA-NASS agricultural fuel, machinery, labor prices from 1999 to 2007 (USSA-NASS, 2007a,b).



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